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ASM in C++

Posted on 2004-09-18
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
Is there a way to incorporate ASM in C++?  
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Question by:fattumsdad
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by:AlexFM
AlexFM earned 1000 total points
ID: 12094383
In Microsoft VC++ you can use inline Assembly blocks __asm:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vclang/html/_core_assembler_.28.inline.29_.topics.asp

For example:

void SomeFunction()
{
    int x = 2;

    __asm
   {
        mov al, x
   }
}
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by:avizit
ID: 12094394
http://cs.wwc.edu/~aabyan/Unix/Assembly.html  

example code if you are doing in g++
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teratoma earned 1000 total points
ID: 12094702
asm is a standard C and C++ keyword.  However, the format of the assembler code is undefined by the C/C++ standards, as it's dependent on the target CPU.  That's how to embed assembler code within C code.  To call a function defined in assembler from C, you just declare it "extern":

extern void func();

In C++ you have to declare it extern "C" to turn off name mangling:

extern "C" void func();

In the assembler it'll look something like

PUBLIC func
...
PROC func
...
END PROC

You can do the same with data:

extern "C" mydata;

in the asm file:

PUBLIC mydata
...
LABEL mydata
...

or even

STRUC mydata

Where the data structure is defined in parallel in asm and C++.  The syntax depends on what assembler you're using.

You can also call a C function from an assembler function, at least with Intel processors, using the "call" instruction.  This is highly non-portable if parameters need to be passed.  In typical applications this kind of thing is usually done by passing a function pointer at runtime to the low-level code.  This is usually for interrupt service routines (ISRs) which don't take or return values.
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