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ORA-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error - Want to "connect scott/tiger"

Posted on 2004-09-29
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2007-12-19
When I do this:

SQL> connect scott/tiger
ORA-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error

However this works:

SQL> connect scott/tiger@svrmargus

I would like to know why "connect scott/tiger" is not working and how to fix it ?
Question by:MargusLehiste
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Expert Comment

by:Jay Toops
ID: 12182237
normally you would say
connect {Servername}

then it would prompt for
userid and password

there is not "Default" dabase in the interactive sql tool

connect scott/tiger doesn't work because you havent told it what server that userid/password is on


Expert Comment

ID: 12182491
If you are loging-in from the Client you must have the @Service Name
From the DB Server, it depends on how the SQLNET.ora file parameters are setup


Author Comment

ID: 12182719
Show how would i set up this parameter,

Im using SQL*Plus on the same machine as DB is located @
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Accepted Solution

baonguyen1 earned 1200 total points
ID: 12182781
simple say that the sqlplus session does not know where it should connect to, so a connection string that specify the connection in the TNSNAMES.ORA should be specify:

If you are on the same machine of the database, just set the SID environment variable, say you are on NT:

C:\set ORACLE_SID=xyz
C:\sqlplus /nolog
SQL>connect scott/tiger

Expert Comment

ID: 12187530
hi there

the connectino string in oracle is like a human ear, which is used to listen to the oracle database.

the connection string is created and stored in the tnsnames.ora file using the net8 easy config menu option which asks for the host or the server name, the database name, the protocol and the connection string name.


Expert Comment

ID: 12194384
Baonguyen1 has the gist of it.  If the database and client are on the same server, then set the ORACLE_SID parameter.
In Unix(using Korn shell) it would be:  export ORACLE_SID=abc1
In Windows 2000/NT/XP it would be : set ORACLE_SID=abc1

Additionally, depending on the version of Oracle you are using, you can set the environment variable of LOCAL=YES which would indicate that the connection is to occur on the server you are currently on.
You do not have to specify the connect name or database name unless the database is on a different machine than the one you are currently own or if you want to use SQLNet to connect to a database even though you are on the same server as the database.

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