Solved

string formatting using sprintf()

Posted on 2004-09-30
2
545 Views
Last Modified: 2010-04-15

Can someone provide me with the correct formatting for display floating point values..

I know the following:

flat fvar=123;

sprintf(buffer,"%f ",fvar);   // this shows  123.000000
sprintf(buffer,"%.f",fvar);   // this shows  123
sprintf(buffer,"%.2f",fvar);   // this shows  123.00

what is the formatting to force zero padding

i.e

sprintf(buffer,"%05.2f",fvar); // to show  00123.00
sprintf(buffer,"%-5.2f",fvar); // to show  __123.00

thanks


0
Comment
Question by:apakian
2 Comments
 
LVL 45

Accepted Solution

by:
Kdo earned 125 total points
ID: 12193411
Hi apakian,

Several things to note about the "%x.yf" format specification.  (x and y are replaced by numbers for actual usage.)

x is the TOTAL width of the output string, not the portion to the left of the decimal point.  If you want to display 5 digits to the left of the decimal and 2 to the right, x will need to be 8.  (5 + 2 + 1 for the decimal point.)

y is the number of digits to the right of the decimal point.

If x starts with a zero, the output string is initialized to all '0' and the converted string placed over these zeros.  The net effect is that you'll see leading zeros.

So to make your last two examples work like your comment, they should look like this:

sprintf(buffer,"%08.2f",fvar); // to show  00123.00
sprintf(buffer,"%-8.2f",fvar); // to show  __123.00



Good Luck,
Kent

0
 

Author Comment

by:apakian
ID: 12193463
brilliant,, thanks heaps..

0

Featured Post

DevOps Toolchain Recommendations

Read this Gartner Research Note and discover how your IT organization can automate and optimize DevOps processes using a toolchain architecture.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Console based application in Linux 1 90
Passing a array as parameter - C 2 95
List out all word 7 293
How to build c program using make in mingw environment? 9 63
Windows programmers of the C/C++ variety, how many of you realise that since Window 9x Microsoft has been lying to you about what constitutes Unicode (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode)? They will have you believe that Unicode requires you to use…
Examines three attack vectors, specifically, the different types of malware used in malicious attacks, web application attacks, and finally, network based attacks.  Concludes by examining the means of securing and protecting critical systems and inf…
The goal of this video is to provide viewers with basic examples to understand recursion in the C programming language.
Video by: Grant
The goal of this video is to provide viewers with basic examples to understand and use while-loops in the C programming language.

777 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question