TRANSFORM, PIVOT - implement in SQL

Posted on 2004-10-01
Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Here is my access query:

TRANSFORM Sum(tblBudgetAmount.LocalAmount) AS SumOfFunctionalAmount
SELECT tblBudgetItem.CostCenterID, tblBudgetItem.GL as GL1,tblBudgetItem.ProjectID,
      Sum(tblBudgetAmount.LocalAmount) AS ColumnTotal, tblAcctCode_0.sStatus
FROM tblAcctCode_0
INNER JOIN (tblBudgetItem
INNER JOIN tblBudgetAmount ON tblBudgetItem.ID = tblBudgetAmount.BudItemID)
                  ON tblAcctCode_0.sCodeID = tblBudgetItem.GL
Where tblBudgetItem.CostCenterID ='385' and tblBudgetItem.ProjectID='1537'
      and left(tblBudgetItem.GL,2) like '62' and tblBudgetItem.ActivityID='50770'
      and tblBudgetItem.FundID='10' and tblBudgetAmount.FiscalYear ='2005'
GROUP BY tblBudgetItem.GL, tblBudgetItem.CostCenterID, tblBudgetItem.ProjectID, tblBudgetItem.GL, tblAcctCode_0.sStatus PIVOT tblBudgetItem.FundingSource

How would I go about converting this to SQL?
Question by:TWBit

Expert Comment

ID: 12203837
LVL 32

Accepted Solution

bhess1 earned 125 total points
ID: 12203900
Wait for SQL Server 2005, when this type of query will be implemented? ;)

Seriously, SQL Server does not innately support these types of queries, and a fair amount has been written on how to emulate them.  Usually, it will involve some custom coding and/or dynamic SQL.

Working from what I see here, what I would probably do is:

1)  Since you PIVOT is the FundingSource, this will be key.  Dynamically create an SQL Statement to generate the resulting data, using the information from the base SELECT as the source of the CASE statements needed.  This could be something like:

Declare @sqlCase varchar(7000)

Set @sqlCase = ''

Select @sqlCase = @sqlCase + 'Sum(CASE WHEN bi.Fundingsource = ''' + Fundingsource + ''' THEN ba.LocalAmount ELSE 0 END) AS [' + Fundingsource +, '
    (Select Distinct bi.Fundingsource From tblBudgetItem bi
      INNER JOIN tblBudgerAmount ba ON bi.ID = ba.BudItemID
      INNER JOIN tblAccountCode_0 ac ON tblBudgetItem.GL = tblAccountCode_0.sCodeID
      WHERE bi.CostCenterID ='385'
            and bi.ProjectID='1537'
            and left(bi.GL,2) = '62'
            and bi.ActivityID='50770'
            and bi.FundID='10'
            and ba.FiscalYear ='2005'
    ) Tbl1

Declare @sql varchar(8000)

Set @sql = 'SELECT bi.CostCenterID, bi.GL, bi.ProjectID, ' + @sqlCase + ' ac.sStatus FROM  tblBudgetItem bi
      INNER JOIN tblBudgerAmount ba ON bi.ID = ba.BudItemID
      INNER JOIN tblAccountCode_0 ac ON tblBudgetItem.GL = tblAccountCode_0.sCodeID
      WHERE bi.CostCenterID =''385''
            and bi.ProjectID=''1537''
            and left(bi.GL,2) = ''62''
            and bi.ActivityID=''50770''
            and bi.FundID=''10''
            and ba.FiscalYear =''2005''
     GROUP BY tblBudgetItem.GL, tblBudgetItem.CostCenterID, tblBudgetItem.ProjectID, tblBudgetItem.GL, tblAcctCode_0.sStatus'

EXEC @sql

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