string comparisons

Hi if I define two strings s1,s2 why can't I use strcmp(s1,s2) ?

however I can check if (s1==s2) but what about comparing abel and ABel in this case (s1==s2) doesn't work.

Are there any functions that convert a string to lower case or upper case.

I solved this by using strcmp (s1.c_str(),s2.c_str()) but in case of using long arrays of string won't that be an overhead to covert s1 to s1.c_str()

anshumaEngineeringAsked:
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Jaime OlivaresConnect With a Mentor Software ArchitectCommented:
> I solved this by using strcmp (s1.c_str(),s2.c_str()) but in case of using long arrays of string won't that be an overhead
> to covert s1 to s1.c_str()
Actually there is not conversion, just some **arrangements** to give you a pointer to the string buffer, ensuring it is null terminated to be handled correctly by functions like strcmp() or stricmp().

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IndrawatiConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Simple answer:

#include <algorithm>
(for_each(a.begin(), a.end(), tolower) == for_each(b.begin(), b.end(), tolower))

will do case-insensitive comparison.

For another way to do it, you may look at GoTW #29:
http://www.gotw.ca/gotw/029.htm
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IndrawatiCommented:
Sorry, the last answer should be:

      string a = "ABEL";
      string b = "abel";

      transform(a.begin(), a.end(), a.begin(), tolower);
      transform(b.begin(), b.end(), b.begin(), tolower);
      cout << a == b;

I confused transform() with for_each()... again.
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itsmeandnobodyelseConnect With a Mentor Commented:
std::string isn't very comfortable regarding case insensitivity and other regular string functionality. Mostly, it's because std::string is a template class but case sensitivity easily could be handled only for (ASCII) char type.

You may help yourself by defining an own operator== function like that:

bool operator== (const string& s1, const string& s2)
{
    return stricmp(s1.c_str(), s2.c_str()) == 0;
}

The disadvantage is that you've to put the definition to any IDE you or others are working with code depending on that feature.

Regards, Alex


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