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DNS Fails to respond properly

Posted on 2004-10-06
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Last Modified: 2010-04-14
I'm working with a client right now that has an odd problem.  They are running a server with Windows 2000 server, SP4.  For some reason, the server will stop resolving DNS properly, until I do anything to the DNS entries.  Then everything will work fine for about 10-15 minutes, then it will stop again.

For example...  there are three servers in the DNS settings.  All are good addresses, all are DNS servers that are online and functional.  When the server stops resolving DNS properly (as in, addresses outside the LAN cannot be resolved), all I have to do is go into the DNS settings and change the order of the servers, and boom, eveything works well again.

For a little while.  Then it will stop, I rearrange the entries, and all is well again.  I've even tried setting it up so there's only one DNS server.  Same thing happens - resolution stops, I modify the entry to a different server, and everything works again for a short time.

Any thoughts?  This has apparently been going on for quite some time, but their last contractor was either unable to find the problem, or didn't look deep enough to try to fix it.

Many thanks in advance,

Sean
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Question by:smconsult
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by:smconsult
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One more comment on this....

As I Describe the problem of resolution failing, I'm talking about resolution OUTSIDE the network.  Everything is working OK inside the LAN, but going to any address outside the LAN fails from the server.  (Works just fine on all of the client computers.)  I can ping an address, no sweat - it's just name resolution that fails.

Sean
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by:oBdA
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You probably have set your DNS servers to point to your ISP's DNS? If so, then that's incorrect; if you have a root zone in your forward lookup zone (the single dot, "."), delete it; then configure forwarders to point to your outside DNS servers.
Are these just DNS servers or DCs as well?
Here are some links to start with:

Frequently Asked Questions About Windows 2000 DNS and Windows Server 2003 DNS
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=291382

Best practices for DNS client settings in Windows 2000 Server and in Windows Server 2003
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=825036

How To Configure DNS for Internet Access in Windows 2000
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=300202

HOW TO: Troubleshoot DNS Name Resolution on the Internet in Windows 2000
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=316341
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by:smconsult
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Thanks, I will check them out, and stop by the client today and see what's set up.  I can't recall of the top of my head if there's a root zone in the FLZ or not.  But yes, the DNS servers are pointing to the ISP's DNS servers.

The server in question is the DC for the client.  It is also the only server present on the domain.

I'll report back.

Sean
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oBdA earned 500 total points
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In that case, make sure the DC points *only* to itself for DNS in the TCP/IP properties; the same is valid for all domain members, the only DNS server they can use is the DC. And just in case, make sure the DNS server is configured to allow Dynamic Updates for the AD zones (stop and start the DNS service if you had to enable this).
Check if the SRV records have been created; if not, stop and restart the netlogon service on the DC after enabling the DNS dynamic updates. Check if there's a host entry for the DC as well in DNS; if not, enter "ipconfig /registerdns" in a command window.

How to Verify the Creation of SRV Records for a Domain Controller
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=241515

SRV Records Cannot Be Registered on a DNS Server
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=316239
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by:Chris Dent
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If DNS Forwarders aren't working it might be worth checking that Root Hints works instead.

This method will drop back to the Root DNS Servers for each TLD (Top Level Domain). As such it is not reliant on any one specific ISP DNS Server (any my preferred set-up for any DNS Server).

This article describes how to replace a broken Root Hints file - it should also point you in the right direction for checking it:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;249868

This is a little FAQ on Microsoft DNS if it's useful:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;291382
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by:smconsult
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Thanks to both of you for the information.  oBdA, your solution was the one that was right on the mark (ISP's DNS in the server).  Chris-Dent, while the problem ended up not being related to Root Hints, I very much appreciate the information you provided.

Again, I appreciate the help that you both provided.  Many thanks!

Sean
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