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Available COM port enumeration?

Posted on 2004-10-08
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Last Modified: 2013-11-25
Is there any way of determining which COM ports are available on system (must work on w98,2000,xp)
TNX!
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Question by:ssdjgru1
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erin010 earned 125 total points
ID: 12265273
Option Explicit

'API calls
Private Declare Function EnumPorts Lib "winspool.drv" Alias "EnumPortsA" (ByVal pName As String, ByVal Level As Long, ByVal lpbPorts As Long, ByVal cbBuf As Long, pcbNeeded As Long, pcReturned As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function lstrlenW Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal lpString As Long) As Long
Private Declare Sub CopyMem Lib "kernel32.dll" Alias "RtlMoveMemory" (pTo As Any, uFrom As Any, ByVal lSize As Long)
Private Declare Function HeapAlloc Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal hHeap As Long, ByVal dwFlags As Long, ByVal dwBytes As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function GetProcessHeap Lib "kernel32.dll" () As Long
Private Declare Function HeapFree Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal hHeap As Long, ByVal dwFlags As Long, lpMem As Any) As Long

'API Structures
Private Type PORT_INFO_2
    pPortName As String
    pMonitorName As String
    pDescription As String
    fPortType As Long
    Reserved As Long
End Type

Private Type API_PORT_INFO_2
    pPortName As Long
    pMonitorName As Long
    pDescription As Long
    fPortType As Long
    Reserved As Long
End Type
 

Module

 'Public Data Structure - up to 100 Ports Information
Public Ports(0 To 100) As PORT_INFO_2

Public Function TrimStr(strName As String) As String
    'Finds a null then trims the string
    Dim x As Integer

    x = InStr(strName, vbNullChar)
    If x > 0 Then TrimStr = Left(strName, x - 1) Else TrimStr = strName
End Function

Public Function LPSTRtoSTRING(ByVal lngPointer As Long) As String
    Dim lngLength As Long

    'Get number of characters in string
    lngLength = lstrlenW(lngPointer) * 2
    'Initialize string so we have something to copy the string into
    LPSTRtoSTRING = String(lngLength, 0)
    'Copy the string
    CopyMem ByVal StrPtr(LPSTRtoSTRING), ByVal lngPointer, lngLength
    'Convert to Unicode
    LPSTRtoSTRING = TrimStr(StrConv(LPSTRtoSTRING, vbUnicode))
End Function

'Use ServerName to specify the name of a Remote Workstation i.e. "//WIN95WKST"
'or leave it blank "" to get the ports of the local Machine
Public Function GetAvailablePorts(ServerName As String) As Long
    Dim ret As Long
    Dim PortsStruct(0 To 100) As API_PORT_INFO_2
    Dim pcbNeeded As Long
    Dim pcReturned As Long
    Dim TempBuff As Long
    Dim i As Integer

    'Get the amount of bytes needed to contain the data returned by the API call
    ret = EnumPorts(ServerName, 2, TempBuff, 0, pcbNeeded, pcReturned)
    'Allocate the Buffer
    TempBuff = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcbNeeded)
    ret = EnumPorts(ServerName, 2, TempBuff, pcbNeeded, pcbNeeded, pcReturned)
    If ret Then
        'Convert the returned String Pointer Values to VB String Type
        CopyMem PortsStruct(0), ByVal TempBuff, pcbNeeded
        For i = 0 To pcReturned - 1
            Ports(i).pDescription = LPSTRtoSTRING(PortsStruct(i).pDescription)
            Ports(i).pPortName = LPSTRtoSTRING(PortsStruct(i).pPortName)
            Ports(i).pMonitorName = LPSTRtoSTRING(PortsStruct(i).pMonitorName)
            Ports(i).fPortType = PortsStruct(i).fPortType
        Next
    End If
    GetAvailablePorts = pcReturned
    'Free the Heap Space allocated for the Buffer
    If TempBuff Then HeapFree GetProcessHeap(), 0, TempBuff
End Function
 

Usage

 Option Explicit

'Create a Form with a Command Button and a List
Private Sub Command1_Click()
    Dim NumPorts As Long
    Dim i As Integer

    'Get the Numbers of Ports in the System
    'and Fill the Ports Structure
    NumPorts = GetAvailablePorts("")
    'Fill the List with the available Ports
    List1.Clear
    For i = 0 To NumPorts - 1
        List1.AddItem Ports(i).pPortName
    Next
 
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