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Script Error: mv: invalid option --1

Posted on 2004-10-08
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
The script changes the extention on file names. It is as follows:

for i in 'ls *.aaa | cut -f1 -d '; do
   mv $i.aaa $i.bbb;
done

getting an error when run

mv: invalid option --1
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Question by:DBDevOne
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6 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:brettmjohnson
ID: 12261430
Your cut command delimiter is wrong.  I think you wanted -d .
Your script will also fail if a filename contains spaces or multiple
filename extensions.

I recently wrote this script for a client that was transitioning from
Linux to Mac OS X (which lacks the Linux 'rename' command):


#!/bin/bash
# This Bash shell script emulates the linux 'rename (1)' command
# The "usage" man page help  was shamelessly stolen from Linux.
# 04 Aug 2004  Brett Johnson  

# Must have at least three args: fromtext, totext, file...
if [ $# -lt 3 ] ; then
  cat <<END
NAME
        rename - bulk rename files

SYNOPSIS
        rename fromtext totext files...

DESCRIPTION
        rename will rename the specified files by replacing the
        first occurrence of fromtext in their name with totext.

        For example, given the files foo1, ..., foo9, foo10, ..., foo278,
        the commands

          rename foo foo0 foo?
          rename foo foo0 foo??

        will turn them into foo001, ..., foo009, foo010, ..., foo278.

        And

          rename .htm .html *.htm

        will fix the extension of your html files.

END

else
  fromtext=$1
  totext=$2
  shift 2

  for f in "$@" ; do mv $f ${f/$fromtext/$totext} ; done
fi
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Author Comment

by:DBDevOne
ID: 12261550
Thanks for teh comment. This is my first script. There are no spaces or multiple extentions. How would I modify my script to eliminate the error?
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LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:jlevie
ID: 12261641
A better way would be:

for f in *.aaa; do
  mv $f `basename $f .aaa`.bbb
done
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Author Comment

by:DBDevOne
ID: 12261767
What is basename? Can you list and example?
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Accepted Solution

by:
jlevie earned 500 total points
ID: 12262058
From 'man basename':

basename - strip directory and suffix from filenames

DESCRIPTION
       Print  NAME  with  any leading directory components removed.  If speci-
       fied, also remove a trailing SUFFIX.

My example uses its ability to strip a specified SUFFIX (.aaa) from a file name. By executing the command in a subshell `basename $f .aaa` I get the portion of the filename up to the suffix returned to which I append .bbb. So `basename this-is-the-file.aaa .aaa` would return this-is-the-file and
`basename this-is-the-file.aaa .aaa`.bbb would yield this-is-the-file.bbb.

Make sense?
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Author Comment

by:DBDevOne
ID: 12267100
Thank you for your answers. Brett, I am sure yours was great too, I chose jlevie's because it helped me find the cause of the error I got.
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