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referencing an environment variable in .cc code

Posted on 2004-10-11
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Last Modified: 2010-04-01
How can we reference or set an environment variable inside a .cc file?
Do we define them as macros?
How can it be defined. Please provide an example.
Is there an alternative?

Thanks
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Question by:dkamdar
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jkr earned 375 total points
ID: 12278081
You can always obtain the *value* of an environment variable at runtime using 'getenv()', e.g.

/* GETENV.C: This program uses getenv to retrieve
 * the LIB environment variable and then uses
 * _putenv to change it to a new value.
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

void main( void )
{
   char *libvar;

   /* Get the value of the LIB environment variable. */
   libvar = getenv( "LIB" );

   if( libvar != NULL )
      printf( "Original LIB variable is: %s\n", libvar );
}
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Author Comment

by:dkamdar
ID: 12278340
Hey jkr,

Thanks for the reply.
What is that _ before putenv for?
Beacause I saw my code uses putenv().
Can you please explain!

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Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 12278356
>>What is that _ before putenv for?

Ask MS :o)

Seriously, they tend to prepend underscores to (most) POSIX-compliant functions for an presumeably unknown reason...
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Expert Comment

by:aravindtj
ID: 12278481
just a small modification for Macro....

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define ENVIRON getenv("PATH")
#define ENV_VAL(x) getenv(x)
int main()
{
 printf("Environment Path variable = %s", ENVIRON);
 printf("Environment Prompt Value = %s", ENV_VAL("PROMPT"));
return 0;
}

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Author Comment

by:dkamdar
ID: 12278572
but hey ... I never told I am using MS?
I am on solaris machine.
Anyways i guess it just depends from copiler to compiler as far as naming the system functions go!

Thnaks arvind for that ... but i dont think I would want to compilicate it that way.

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