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Need help with Paint problems with .NET control (PictureBox)

Posted on 2004-10-17
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Last Modified: 2012-08-13
I have a simple application where I'm using GDI+ objects to draw text onto a PictureBox. In the form's Paint method, I've got a call to redraw the text and that works fine when you move a window through the PictureBox.

However, if you move another window on top of the PictureBox, then switch back to my application, the PictureBox redraws that area to the default background colour after my form paint code runs.

What is the proper way to make sure that a control gets repainted when needed?
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Question by:tma050898
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 12333876
autoredraw = false
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Author Comment

by:tma050898
ID: 12333934
Where exactly is this property? I don't see any property having to do with drawing on the PictureBox property list.
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 12334106
on the form
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Expert Comment

by:iboutchkine
ID: 12337510
.NET does not have autoredraw property. VB6 does
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Author Comment

by:tma050898
ID: 12338310
When I looked at  he other person's bio, I kinda figured it was a vb thing. Hopefully, someone here will know the answer for .NET. (Not sure if it matters in terms of winforms, but I'm using Managed C++).
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by:Bob Learned
ID: 12338782
What does the code for the Paint event look like?

Bob
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by:tma050898
ID: 12338832
private: System::Void Form1_Paint(System::Object *  sender,
                                                   System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs *  e)
{
  PaintText();
}

protected: System::Void PaintText()
{
  if (textToDisplay)
  {
    // Create the font that will be used.
    System::Drawing::Font* font =
      new System::Drawing::Font(S"Times New Roman",
        Convert::ToSingle(fontSize), FontStyle::Regular);

    // Create a Graphics object from the picture box
    Graphics* g = picText->CreateGraphics();

    // Clear the picture box using a white background so that
    // the gradient and hatch text shows up best
    g->Clear(Color::White);

    // Measure the user-supplied text
    SizeF textSize = g->MeasureString(textToDisplay, font);

    // Create the GDI+ brush
    Brush* brush;
    if (TextStyle::Hatch == style)  // if the user selected Hatch
    {
      // GDI+ supplies a HatchBrush object.
      // I'm using the built-in "cross hatch" pattern
      brush = new HatchBrush(HatchStyle::Cross, primaryColour, secondaryColour);
    }
    else if (TextStyle::Gradient == style) // if the user selected Gradient
    {
      // Instantiate a LinearGradientBrush object.
      // I'm using the built-in "forward-diagonal" gradient
      RectangleF* rect = __nogc new RectangleF(PointF(0, 0), textSize);
      brush = new LinearGradientBrush(*rect,  primaryColour, secondaryColour,
                                                        LinearGradientMode::ForwardDiagonal);
    }

    // Now that we have a brush, simply draw the text using DrawString!!
    g->DrawString(textToDisplay, font, brush,
                          (picText->Width - textSize.Width) / 2,
                          (picText->Height - textSize.Height) / 2);
  }
}
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Accepted Solution

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Bob Learned earned 500 total points
ID: 12338862
Use the Graphics from the e.Graphics argument (persistent), instead of the CreateGraphics method (non-persistent).

Bob
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Author Comment

by:tma050898
ID: 12339023
Bingo. Here's what I did (for future searches of this help)

1) I changed my button routine to the following
  * setup some internal display variables
  * call picText->Invalidate();
2) Added an event handler for the PictureBox control's (picText) Paint event
3) Moved the form's paint code (that painted the picText control into the picText::Paint method
4) Per "TheLearnedOne's" advice, I then used the PaintEventArgs::Graphics object

Works perfectly. Thanks much.
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Author Comment

by:tma050898
ID: 12339065
One last question. Should I be disposing of these objects at some pt (via obj->Dispose) ?
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Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 12343971
To answer your last question:

If YOU create a graphics, brush or pen using CreateGraphics or the NEW keyword, then YOU need to dispose of it.  If you use the supplied graphics in the "e" argument then you DO NOT need need to dispose it.

~IM
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Author Comment

by:tma050898
ID: 12344380
So in this case I should be releasing the Font, then. Thanks!
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