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undefined reference to `getopt(int, char *const *, char const *)'

Posted on 2004-10-18
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1,679 Views
Last Modified: 2008-01-09
Hi Experts World,
I am using getopt to parse command line argument in C++.
How i am using it is the code below. can anyone tell me why i am getting the error message:
=======ERROR MESSAGE =========
undefined reference to `getopt(int, char *const *, char const *)'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [wc.out] Error 1

======== CODE ========
#include "wc.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>


extern char *optarg;
extern int optind ;
extern int optopt;
extern int opterr;
extern int optreset ;


int getopt(int argc, char * const argv[], const char *optstring);


int main( int argc, char *argv[])
{
  wc w;

  bool checkL = false;
  bool checkT = false;
  bool checkD = false;
  bool checkC = false;
  bool noArgument = false;

  char * inputFile = NULL;
  int ch;

  while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, ":l:t:d:c:")) != -1) {
    switch (ch) {
    case 'l':
      checkL = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
      break;
    case 't':
      checkT = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
      break;
    case 'd':
     checkD = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
    case 'c':
      checkC = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
    case ':':
            if(optarg = NULL){
            cout<<"file Name missing\n";
            exit(1);
            }
            else noArgument = true;
    case '?':
    default:
      cout<<"Invalid option specified: \n"<< optopt<<"\n";
    w.helpMenu();
    }
  }
  argc -= optind;
  argv += optind;

  ifstream f(inputFile);
      .
      .
      .
0
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Question by:komlaaa
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9 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:van_dy
ID: 12345061
put

#include <getopt.h>

in the begining, the error shall go

hope this heps,
van_dy
0
 

Author Comment

by:komlaaa
ID: 12345076
I tried that it give the error message below.
Note: i am using C++

> make
g++ -g -Wall -ansi -c main.cpp wc.cpp
main.cpp:4: getopt.h: No such file or directory
make: *** [main.o] Error 1
0
 
LVL 12

Assisted Solution

by:stefan73
stefan73 earned 200 total points
ID: 12345096
Hi komlaaa,
#include <stdlib.h>

Cheers!

Stefan
0
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LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:van_dy
ID: 12345106
Well i just compiled this piece of code and it seems to compile nicely:

main.cpp
-------------

#include <iostream>
#include <unistd.h>


extern char *optarg;
extern int optind ;
extern int optopt;
extern int opterr;
extern int optreset ;

int getopt(int argc, char * const argv[], const char *optstring);

int main( int argc, char *argv[])
{

  bool checkL = false;
  bool checkT = false;
  bool checkD = false;
  bool checkC = false;
  bool noArgument = false;

  char * inputFile = NULL;
  int ch;

  while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, ":l:t:d:c:")) != -1) {
    switch (ch) {
    case 'l':
      checkL = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
      break;
    case 't':
      checkT = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
      break;
    case 'd':
     checkD = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
    case 'c':
      checkC = true;
      inputFile = optarg;
    case ':':
            if(optarg = NULL){
            std::cout<<"file Name missing\n";
            exit(1);
            }
            else noArgument = true;
    case '?':
    default:
      std::cout<<"Invalid option specified: \n"<< optopt<<"\n";
    }
  }

  std::cout << checkL << ' ' << checkT << ' ' << checkD << ' ' << checkC << '\n';
  return 0;
}
0
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:avizit
ID: 12345138
can you compile the program given in

http://www.gnu.org/software/libc/manual/html_node/Example-of-Getopt.html

if that doesn't compile I guess there is something wrong with your system headers etc ( assuming you are on a GNU system that is )
0
 

Author Comment

by:komlaaa
ID: 12345640
Thanks, but sorry i did not mention it is on UNIX using g++ compiler.
i tried the code above and it is giving me the error message:

crux:~/achille/temp> g++ myGetopt.cpp
/var/tmp/ccGa6epa.o: In function `main':
/var/tmp/ccGa6epa.o(.text+0x120): undefined reference to `getopt(int, char *const *, char const *)'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status


Thanks.
0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:stefan73
ID: 12345650
Did you check if getopt() actually exists in your system's API?

On Solaris 2.8 it's fine.
0
 

Author Comment

by:komlaaa
ID: 12346879
1.) i did include  #include <stdlib.h> but still.
2.) i did not check my system(UNIX) to see if it has getopt( ),
but the question is if not what should i do. Since i have to run this program on
this system.

Please help Experts!!!

Thanks,

komlaaa
0
 
LVL 9

Accepted Solution

by:
ankuratvb earned 200 total points
ID: 12353800
Hi,

You dont need the function declaration and the extern variables declaration at the start.
>>
extern char *optarg;
extern int optind ;
extern int optopt;
extern int opterr;
extern int optreset ;
int getopt(int argc, char * const argv[], const char *optstring);
<<

This is already there in unistd.h
0

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