Solved

PHP5 WinXP Mail SMTP Failure because of an unknown reason

Posted on 2004-10-26
912 Views
Last Modified: 2008-01-09
Hi all,

I've got a problem when I try to send out an email.
It seems that PHP or something else is messing up the to-header and thus the smtp server doesn't know what to do with it.

Configuration:
WindowsXP Professional
IIS SMTP Server (also tried my ISP's smtp)
PHP5.0.2
Apache 2.something

Headers that I'm sending out:

[code]Message-ID: <20041026111124DoppyMailer@validdomain.ext>
X-Priority: 3
X-MSMail-Priority: Normal
X-Mailer: Doppy Server Mailer
From: "Source adress" <doppy@validdomain.ext>
To: "doppy@validdomain.ext" <doppy@validdomain.ext>; "doppynl@validdomain2.ext" <doppy@validdomain2.ext>
CC: "doppy@validdomain.ext2" <doppy@validdomain.ext2>
Subject: Just Testing again...
Return-Path: <bounce@validdomain.ext>

testmessage[/code]
note: I replaced the names with the adres to find out if that solved it, it didn't.

The error:
Warning: mail() [function.mail]: SMTP server response: 501 5.5.4 Invalid Address in D:\ServerHTTP\Internal\storage\classes\email.php on line 50

When I leave out the CC-header the message is:
Warning: mail() [function.mail]: SMTP server response: 503 No recipient(s). in D:\ServerHTTP\Internal\storage\classes\email.php on line 50

PHP.ini configuration is set to use the smtpserver on localhost default port.

Anyone got any idea what is going on here??
0
Question by:DoppyNL
    8 Comments
     

    Expert Comment

    by:danchuee
    I'm not sure where the error is coming from. Have you tried a little testing on the mail function. Are you altering the headers yourself? Are you able to send a mail without adding your own headers.

    I know that this is not a solution, but just wanted some more information. How does your code look?
    0
     
    LVL 3

    Expert Comment

    by:KvdnBerg
    Could you post the complete code including the actual mail function?
    Keep in mind that the mail function takes the to adresses as the first argument, the To: in the headers might not be enough to make it work properly. Example:

    $subject = "About this";
    $message = "Message text";
    $headers = "To: ToAddress <to@address.com>, To2 <to2@address.com>\r\n";
    $headers.= "CC: CCAddress <cc@address.com\r\n";
    etc

    mail("to@address.com, to2@address.com", $subject, $message, $headers);
    0
     
    LVL 6

    Author Comment

    by:DoppyNL
    I'm creating my own headers and passing them to the mail function.

    when I do something like this:
    mail('valid@adress.ext','normal-test2','message');
    it is send and received without a hitch.

    Since a plain use of the mail function seems to work, there must be something wrong with my headers....

    The code responsible for sending the email:

    $headers = 'Message-ID: <' . strftime('%Y%m%d%H%M%S') . uniqueid() . 'DoppyMailer@validdomain.ext>' . "\n";
    $headers .= 'X-Priority: 3' . "\n";
    $headers .= 'X-MSMail-Priority: Normal' . "\n";
    $headers .= 'X-Mailer: Doppy Server Mailer' . "\n";
    $headers .= 'From: ' . $this->source . "\n";
    $headers .= 'To: ' . implode('; ', $this->to) . "\n";
    if (count($this->cc) > 0)
    {
          $headers .= 'CC: ' . implode('; ', $this->cc) . "\n";
    }
    if (count($this->bcc) > 0)
    {
          $headers .= 'BCC: ' . implode('; ', $this->bcc) . "\n";
    }
    $headers .= 'Subject: ' . $this->subject . "\n";
    $headers .= 'Return-Path: <' . self::bounceadress . '>' . "\n";
    return(mail('', '', $this->message, $headers));

    $this->to, $this->cc and $this->bcc are arrays with items that look like:
    "name of person" <adres@ofperson.ext>

    I allready posted an example of the resulting $headers variable in my previous post.

    Anyone of you see my mistake in here somewhere?
    0
     
    LVL 6

    Author Comment

    by:DoppyNL
    @KvdnBerg:
    When I change this line:
    return(mail('', '', $this->message, $headers));
    to:
    return(mail(implode('; ', $this->to), '', $this->message, $headers));
    and leave the rest as it is I get the exact same error.

    If it then also comment out the To: line in the headers I also get the same error message.
    0
     

    Expert Comment

    by:danchuee
    Make sure that each header ends with \r\n. Windows especially is picky this way. Also, I would recommend changing the implode statements to use a comma instead of a semicolon altough I don't think that is really the problem.
    0
     
    LVL 6

    Author Comment

    by:DoppyNL
    replacing \n with \r\n didn't help (was probably trying that when you were typing your message! :P )

    replacing ; with , as a seperator also didn't help.
    0
     
    LVL 3

    Accepted Solution

    by:
    Did you try to change all the to addresses to the form of aa@bb.com instead of name <aa@bb.com> yet? This is what I got from the PHP manual:

    Note:  The to parameter should not be an address in the form of "Something <someone@example.com>". The mail command may not parse this properly while talking with the MTA (Particularly under Windows).
    0
     
    LVL 6

    Author Comment

    by:DoppyNL
    Problem solved:

    - mail function overrides the "to" and "subject" of your own headers with what you pass along to the function. So you must set the to-header and the subject-header in the mail-function, not in your own headers. Other headers do work normally.

    - mail function does NOT understand this format at all:
    "person name" <person@adress.ext>
    this doesn't work for to, cc or bcc. instead just use:
    person@adress.ext


    Problem solved; tnx all for digging in the problem.
    Accepting the correct answer.
    0

    Write Comment

    Please enter a first name

    Please enter a last name

    We will never share this with anyone.

    Featured Post

    Course: MongoDB Object-Document Mapper for NodeJS

    NodeJS (JavaScript on the server) is awesome, but some developers get confused about NoSQL when it comes to working in Node with MongoDB (NoSQL database). Do you need a better explanation of how to use Node.js with MongoDB? The most popular choice is the Mongoose library.

    Suggested Solutions

    Generating table dynamically is the most common issue faced by php developers.... So it seems there is a need of an article that explains the basic concept of generating tables dynamically. It just requires a basic knowledge of html and little maths…
    Foreword (July, 2015) Since I first wrote this article, years ago, a great many more people have begun using the internet.  They are coming online from every part of the globe, learning, reading, shopping and spending money at an ever-increasing ra…
    The viewer will learn how to dynamically set the form action using jQuery.
    This tutorial will teach you the core code needed to finalize the addition of a watermark to your image. The viewer will use a small PHP class to learn and create a watermark.

    934 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

    Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

    Join & Ask a Question

    Need Help in Real-Time?

    Connect with top rated Experts

    21 Experts available now in Live!

    Get 1:1 Help Now