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RAID 1 ( Security)

Posted on 2004-10-28
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Hello again,

I have two identical Western Digital 160 G hard drives.  I want to set up RAID 1 array.
I have XP Pro on one drive.  Do I need to put XP on the mirrored drive as well or just format it?   Does the mirrored drive  save all the data as it is added?  If the main drive gets a virus is that also transferred to the mirrored disk as well?  I appreciate any and all responses to this question.

Sincerely,

Compucharley
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Question by:compucharley
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by:shahrial
ID: 12441403
> Do I need to put XP on the mirrored drive as well or just format it?  
No you don't.

> Does the mirrored drive save all the data as it is added?
Yes, it is automatically transferred to the mirrored volume.  

> If the main drive gets a virus is that also transferred to the mirrored disk as well?
Yes, it does.
...;-)
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shahrial earned 2000 total points
ID: 12441447
Err...answer is too simple...here's a detailed one.

1.) You don't need to put XP or format the drive. While creating the RAID1, normally the utility have an option to duplicate the drive. The data on the primary disk will then be duplicated to the other drive.

RAID 1, also known as disk mirroring, is simply a pair of disk drives that store duplicate data but appear to the computer as a single drive. although striping is not used within a single mirrored drive pair, multiple RAID 1 arrays can be striped together to create a single large array consisting of pairs of mirrored drives.

All writes must go to both drives of a mirrored pair so that the information on the drives is kept identical. However, each individual drive can perform simultaneous, independent read operations.

Mirroring thus doubles the read performance of a single non-mirrored drive and while the write performance is unchanged. RAID 1 delivers the best performance of any redundant array type. In addition, there is less performance degradation during drive failure than in RAID 5 arrays.

Simplest RAID level easy to implement. RAID Level 1 requires a minimum of 2 drives to implement. ...;-)
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by:shahrial
ID: 12441479
BTW, there 2 ways of implementing RAID1.

Hardware or software RAID?
What is better, hardware or software RAID? Good question.

It really depends on your means and expectations. Software RAID setups through an operating system are inherently lower in performance than hardware RAID controllers, due to the lack of dedicated hardware. They also are, in the case of Windows XP Pro at least, much easier to set up and much more flexible in terms of disk use than a hardware based system.

A second factor to consider is whether you want your operating system disk to be part of the RAID array you create? A major limitation of the WinXP RAID implementation is that the operating system must be installed before a RAID array can be created. This means that if you would like to stripe your operating system disk for increased loading speed, you are out of luck unless you go with a hardware RAID controller.

So to cut it short, if you want the maximum benefit out of creating a striped drive, or need to create a RAID 1 mirror for backups, invest in a motherboard with an on board RAID controller or a PCI add-on controller card. If you want to experiment with striped drives for speed, go with the software solution provided by Windows 2000 or XP as it is easier and cheaper.

How to set up Software RAID in windows XP Professional

Like most other hard drive and storage options, RAID is managed through Windows XP's disk management window, found by right clicking on 'my computer,' then selecting 'manage' followed by 'disk management.' Windows XP Professional is only capable of creating RAID 0 striped arrays, while the various Windows Server operating systems can also create software RAID 1 mirror arrays.

Creating a striped RAID array in XP:

For the purpose of this section of the guide we installed two blank 17GB hard drives on a test system. To create a striped array you must first have at least two drives with a portion of 'unpartitioned space' free. The largest stripe you can create will be twice the size of the smallest unused space on either of the disks. If you have two disks, one with 4GB of unpartitioned space and one with 3GB, the largest striped array you could create would be 6GB, as the area of space used by the stripe on each disk must be the same.

The first step is to convert both disks from basic to dynamic disks within Windows. A dynamic disk is a disk that contains an additional database of other dynamic disks on the system. Dynamic disks can only be read by Windows 2000, XP Professional and the various Windows Server operating systems, and are required to create software RAID arrays within Windows.

Setting up a hardware RAID array
http://www.pcstats.com/articleview.cfm?articleid=830&page=6

Configuring Promise RAID
http://www.pcstats.com/articleview.cfm?articleid=830&page=7

Hope this info is useful? ...;-)

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