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netware commands cheat sheet

Posted on 2004-11-15
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2013-11-29
hi, i am using netware lest frequently now, and as a result, have a hard time remembering all the commands to do diffrent tasks.  i was wondering if anyone out there had some type of netware commands cheat sheet.   like with headinds of "printing", and all the commands below, or easy to follow step by step instructions.  also hopeuflly it will have the command line things

i know its kinda vauge because of the diffrent versions, but you get the jist. any help would be appreciated.  

i used to see cheat sheets for commands in the back of books, or it would come as a laminated pullout on others, but never as a file.

Question by:pcavenue
LVL 34

Accepted Solution

PsiCop earned 2000 total points
ID: 12587501
Hmmmm.....Novell maintains extensive documentation in an online library at --> http://www.novell.com/documentation

NetWare docs back as far as v4.2 are readily found at --> http://www.novell.com/documentation/netware.html

In the various versions, they usually have command summaries in the "Administrating NetWare" or "Administrating the System" or similar sections. I'd find those from the appropriate versions and print them out.

Expert Comment

ID: 12587911
Type help on the server console and hit enter.

Author Comment

ID: 12588140
thanks guys, i use both of those methods now, but what i was looking for was more of a word doc, i have a bunch i use for general windows stuff that wont stick in my head, or 2000 server stuff for the same reason, i know i can look it up online, but that usually involves lots of sifting through to locate the simple stuff.  below are some exerpts from some of my other sample stuff for an example.  

it looks better in my word files, but you get the jist.

thanks, dp

Configuring more

Updating windows

.Net framework install
Go to the windows update site above
Optional stuff select it

Spyware stuff

Hekey class root\policies\explorer\run
Hkey class root\*\shell\open\
Hkey local\softwae\classes\*\shell\open
Hkey local\system\current control set\services
* = batfile, comfile, exefile, htafile, piffile

Win.ini – under RUN=
System.ini – (boot) shell=explorer.exe[program name]

Checking open ports from unauthorized users
Netstat –a (to see open ports)
Look for many established connections to outside IP’s
Port numbers over 1024 (high order)

Remote desktop
Easy setup
On host properties of my computer – remote tab – allow users to connect – select users

Can ping, but browsers cant resolve name (rebuilding winsocs)

1. Backup and delete the following registry keys
2.  Reboot
3.  Go to the network connections folder, right click the icon for your
network connection, and select properties.
4.  Click install, choose "protocol", and click "add..."
5.  Click "Have Disk...", enter "\windows\inf", click OK
6.  Select "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), click OK
7.  When the process in complete, reboot

Login scripts
Net use f: \\server\public /persistent:no /y /user:dan password

To unhide the admin account
•      Start a registry editor (e.g., regedit.exe).
•      Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\SpecialAccounts\UserList subkey.
•      From the Edit menu, select New, DWORD Value.
•      Enter Administrator as the subkey name, then press Enter.
•      Double-click the new value, set it to 1, and click OK.
•      Close the registry editor.

Browsing/sharing issues

Common error:  Is not accessible.  You might not have permission to use this network resource.  Contact the administrator of this server

Common fixes
•      Run this “Netsh in ip reset c:\resetlog.txt”
•      Personel firewall unchecked
•      Enable the guest account
•      Unshared and reshare the share in question
•      Uninstall and reinstall “file and printer sharing” IP, and the like

The big browing issue may be caused by the master browser.  Resolve this issue by changing it via…

In 9x From network neighborhood properties select File & print sharing, select and click properties then select "Master Browser" from the right list and choose disabled from the left list.

In 2000 (inc servers) or xp - go to services, find “computer browser” disable it, then stop it.

To make servers the master browser

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Browser\Parameters\IsDomainMaster change to yes, then restart.

Note:In a small mixed OS workgroup network, you may want to disable W2K/XP master browser and keep w9x or NT master browser because XP/W2K always win elections over others, and other previous OS doesn't understand it.  

To add netbeui
Add protocol, X:Valueadd\MSFT\Net\NetBEUI folder.

To get security tab
Run: "control folders"
To to view tab, turn off

For removing printer checking, and task checking
•      In XP, select Run from your start menu.
•      Type "regedit" in the box and click OK.
•      Once you're in Regedit, navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explor r\RemoteComputer\NameSpace
•      Now, simply delete the two keys (a bunch of long numbers and letters) under this, which are the "Printers" and "Scheduled Tasks" keys

Slow opening My Computer Icon
•      turn off autosearch for networked files\.. You can do that by
•      going thru Windows Explorer to Tools - Folder Options - View and unchecking the first
•      box under Files and Folders names 'Automatically search for Netowork files and folders'.

Because of passwords not cashed
•      Control Panel
•      User Accounts
•      click on your account
•      select "Manage my network passwords"
•      If you have any passwords on other computer shares add them here
•      If there are no passwords set on any ME or 9x
•      shares or printers, then you may be able to make it work by
•      deleting such entries in the "Manage my network passwords" list.

Blocking instant messaging in LAN

At this time, blocking selected services seems to include blocking corresponding sites at the router level.  Im not sure if this works yet, but it seems to.  You can block the port numbers the services use, but they seem to be dynamic enough to search any available port, including port 80.  

*.msg.*.yahoo.com on my proxy.

MS messanger
IP Range through
msn messanger port 1863

right now its
the port is 5190

64.124.41.* range

If your router can block specific ports, as well as IP address, block all ports, except the ones you need (typically 80, 443, 53, 25, 21 - that is http, https, dns, smtp & ftp)

A very good document which explian how to block every IM client is here:


Terminal server stuff
Formerly 2000 Tserver stuff

Users to log on locally
•      Go to administrative tools –
•      domain controller security policy –
•      expand security settings –
•      local policy user rights assignments,
•      then find "log on locally" and add your remote group.

Adding printers
add the printer by going into the printers group,
clicking file,
server properties.
Then click the driver tab, and add driver.

Group policy rdesktop stuff
•      AD users and computers
•      Right click domain
•      Properties
•      Group policy
•      Edit
•      Computer config
•      Windows settings
•      Security settings
•      Local policies
•      User rights assignments

Install Mode

go to command prompt and type
change user /install

to turn off install mode you type
change user /execute

Printing Woes in TERMINAL Server
TermiNal server configuration
double click RDP
client settings
'connection settings' play with this

In 2003  

You may receive this error message if a user does not have the "Log on locally" right granted. Typical Terminal Services connections requires only that users have the "Allow logon through Terminal Services" right granted. Terminal Services connections to the console of a Terminal Server require that a user have both the "Log on locally" right and the "Allow logon through Terminal Services" right granted.

Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then
click Terminal Services Configuration.
Open the Connections folder.
Right-click the connection (RDP-TCP), and then click Properties.
On the Permissions tab, add the group(s) that needs access to this

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Expert Comment

ID: 12616919
The question you ask is extremely broad...it would likely take a 1000+ page book to adequately list the different NetWare server commands/utilities and provide definitions and usage structure for each.

Given that, I am going to just try and list a few commands relating to NetWare and printing. First off, there are 2 very different print systems that NetWare supports, QMS (Queue Management System) and NDPS (Novell Distributed Print Service). QMS is what has been used from the early days of NetWare and was readily available up until NetWare 5.1. It had the old familiar PSERVER.NLM, RPRINTER.NLM and other support modules. NDPS uses the concept of a Manager, Broker, and Print Agent. The Manager and Print Agent code is combined into NDPSM.NLM and the Broker is BROKER.NLM. Your best source of basic information about each would be the online docs as noted above by PsiCop. FYI, NetWare 6.0 and NetWare 6.5 now call NDPS iPrint. It really is the same backend engine, but iPrint adds a new way of submitting jobs in the spool (IPP) and alternate ways of installing print drivers. The following is the root link for iPrint/NDPS for NetWare 6.5 online docs:

(click on iPrint...the page has dynamic content and I can't link iPrint directly)

The online docs do a great job of walking through the different commands and basic procedures. If you need to debug a printer agent/spool, you would want to enable NDPS debugging as outlined in TID 10023896.


I can offer more information if you can help me understand what you are looking for. If it is just a quick cheatsheet for printing, your best bet is to read through the online docs and make quick notes on what you would want to remember since so much of this will depend on the print system (QMS/NDPS) and the version of NetWare you are using.

Author Comment

ID: 12647091
what i was looking for was just a short list of like maybee 100 most used commands and a short explanation, like creating queues, users groups, where login scripts are and the like.  i know its way broad, and maybee its undooable, i know the versions are very diffrent, but it seems past 411 most the stuff is the same at this level.  if im barking up the wrong tree, ill split the points between all that posted.  

thanks so far,

LVL 34

Expert Comment

ID: 12647332
Well, the "most used" can vary wildly by your environment. Someone who, for example, delivers all their drive mappings via ZEN objects is going to have very little use for the MAP login script command. Someone who uses NDPS exclusively is not going to use the CAPTURE command (and probably won't in the modern Client 32 environment anyway).

Queues are a relic of NetWare v3 - most folx these days are NDPS, or even IPP/iPrint.

Login scripts haven't been stored in files on servers since NetWare v3. In the NDS environment, login scripts are part of a number of objects, including Os, OUs, Profiles, Applications, and Users.

Franky, I think twkerby gave you the best advice when he expounded on my links to the documentation and suggested that you go thru it, determine what is relevant to YOUR environment, and draft your own "cheat sheet" that serves YOU best. Because mine is likely to be very different from twkery's, and twkerby's is likely to be very different from sstalib's. And we're all likely to have a very different "cheat sheet" from what you need.

Expert Comment

ID: 12652038
What version of Netware?  The integrated toolsets such as iManager, Console One & Netware Remote Manager are very flexible and provide a much greater level of detail about your servers & directory than were available before without special Novell provided utilities.  

If you are using 4.x or any version prior to 4.x a cheat sheet could help you save a little time, although updating to a supported version of Netware would server you better, and sometimes searching for those commands online will help "refresh" your memory for the next time :-).  There is limited information on command/syntax available in the help utilities at the server console - depending on the version of Netware you are running.  Are you talking about server console commands, or general Netware client & server related commands, NLMs, executables?  

Author Comment

ID: 12657259
fine, ill take the first one.

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