• C

associtiavity of ternary operator

hi exeprts.
can anyone pleae give me an example showing the Right to left associativity of ternary operator.
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Jaime OlivaresSoftware ArchitectCommented:
Here is a case you can analyze:

if ((a==b) ? 1 : 2)

won't be the same as:

if (a == b ? 1 : 2)
a ? b : c ? d : e;

Right-to-left associativity says this is interpreted as

a ? b : (c ? d : e);


(a ? b : c) ? d : e;

Those 2 expressions evaluate the same...

== has a higher precedence than ?:, and so it evaluates first regardless of parentheses.


a == b ? 0 : 1


a == ( b ? 0 : 1 )

are different (since the parentheses force b ? 0 : 1 to be evaluated before ==)

GupiAuthor Commented:
hi. thanks all.
lot of answers.
but i am actually interested in an example where
a ? b : c ? d : e;
if intrepreted as  a ? b : (c ? d : e);
will give different answer than if interpreted as  (a ? b : c) ? d : e;

just like 100/20/2 will give different ans if implemented as 100/(20/2) or (100/20) /2

waiting for a good easy to understand example.
What do you want in the example? You've given a good one yourself with a ? b : c ? d : e;

      x = 0; printf("%d",x==0?0:x==1?1:2);
      x = 1; printf("%d",x==0?0:x==1?1:2);
      x = 2; printf("%d",x==0?0:x==1?1:2);

      x = 0; printf("%d",x==0?0:(x==1?1:2));
      x = 1; printf("%d",x==0?0:(x==1?1:2));
      x = 2; printf("%d",x==0?0:(x==1?1:2));

      x = 0; printf("%d",(x==0?0:x==1)?1:2);
      x = 1; printf("%d",(x==0?0:x==1)?1:2);
      x = 2; printf("%d",(x==0?0:x==1)?1:2);



showing that the first set is functionally the same as the second and therefore the third is the non-default option.


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