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Calling a C-style DLL from C# with only a VB example of how it should work

Posted on 2004-11-25
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Last Modified: 2007-12-19
Hi, I'm just getting started with Interop, and I would appreciate any help you might give me on this question (and others upcoming, I'm sure).

I have been assigned a project which requires me to interact with a regular non-COM DLL.  I don't have any definitions for the library functions, but I have detailed VB examples of how to work with the DLL.  All the documentation regarding converting/marshaling types i've seen requires knowing the original types in the DLL.  I do not have this information.  I have tons of VB examples from the company's SDK, but none that show how to use any .NET language.

The SDK shows this in the C++ bvtypes.h file:
typedef struct {
      char Directory[256];
      char UserID[12];
      char Password[8];
      char LogonDate[8];
} BVLogonRecord;

The Visual Basic examples show the following:
Prototype:
    Type BVLogonRecord
        Directory               As String * 256
        UserID                  As String * 12
        Password                As String * 8
        LogonDate               As String * 8
    End Type

    Declare Function BVLogonWithDir Lib "bvapi.dll" (LogonRecord As BVLogonRecord) As Integer

VB function:
    Dim LogonRecord As BVLogonRecord

    LogonRecord.Directory = "C:\DBDIR"
    LogonRecord.UserID = "USER"
    LogonRecord.Password = "PASSWORD"
    LogonRecord.LogonDate = "20041117"

    result = BVLogonWithDir(LogonRecord)


So, I tried this in C#:
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, Pack=1, CharSet=CharSet.Ansi)]
 public struct BVLogonRecord
 {
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=256)]
   public String Directory;
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=12)]
   public String UserID;
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=8)]
   public String Password;
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=8)]
   public String LogonDate;
 }


[DllImport(@"C:\BV\bvapi.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Ansi)]
public static extern int BVLogonWithDir ([MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Struct)] ref BVLogonRecord LogonRecord);

public void Logon()
{
  string dir = @"C:\DBDIR".PadRight(256,' ');
  string usr = "USER".PadRight(12,' ');
  string pwd = "PASSWORD".PadRight(8,' ');
  string dt = "20041117".PadRight(8,' ');

  BVLogonRecord lr = new BVLogonRecord(dir,usr,pwd,dt);

  int result = BVTest.BVLogonWithDir(ref lr);
}

I have been able to come up with two results:
1)  if I append all the strings together and store them in Directory, then the function works. (regardless of what's stored in the other variables)
2)  everything else I do gives me bad parameter errors, missing paramters,
etc.

Thanks very much for any assistance,
Trevor Braun


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Question by:TrevStar22
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6 Comments
 
LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:Chester_M_Ragel
ID: 12679321
Try like this,

public void Logon()
{
  BVLogonRecord lr;
  lr.Directory = @"C:\DBDIR";
  lr.UserID = "USER";
  lr.Password = "PASSWORD";
  lr.LogonDate= "20041117";
  int result = BVTest.BVLogonWithDir(ref lr);
}
0
 
LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 12679352
 string dir = @"C:\DBDIR".PadRight(256,' ');
  string usr = "USER".PadRight(12,' ');
  string pwd = "PASSWORD".PadRight(8,' ');
  string dt = "20041117".PadRight(8,' ');

I think these strings are longer than required by function. With NULL chatacter in the end dir has 257 length.
You can remove PadRight, it is not necessary.

 string dir = @"C:\DBDIR";
0
 
LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:Chester_M_Ragel
ID: 12684841
Hi TrevStar22,

Please make your commect here. Don't post them as feedback. I think you are new to EE. Read help for more ins...

http://www.experts-exchange.com/help.jsp

Chester.
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Author Comment

by:TrevStar22
ID: 12686394
Thanks Chester.  Yes, I am new to EE.  I'm reading the help now!!  

Trevor
0
 

Author Comment

by:TrevStar22
ID: 12686457
To respond to Chester and Alex properly (i.e. via comments):

Chester:
Adding 'ref' to the structure got rid of the "object...reference" error.  
I think I am no trying to understand how to change the VB syntax "String    *   256"  to something in C#/.Net.

Alex:
You are correct about the PadRight.  It isn't needed, however I like being 100% of what's being sent to the DLL.  I checked the length of the structure, it is 284 (as expected), however I don't know if that's due to the SizeConst instructions on each property or not.

Thanks very much for the suggestings.
Trevor

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Accepted Solution

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Chester_M_Ragel earned 2000 total points
ID: 12689262
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