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Multiple interfaces required to run multiple Apache web servers?

Posted on 2004-11-29
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I've noticed that some webservers have sub-interfaces with different IPs, so that they can serve up different web sites.

For example, a single box running Solaris 8 might have it's primary interface (hme0) be 10.1.1.10 and web.domain.com in DNS, and a subinterface of hme0:1 be 10.1.1.11 and web2.domain.com in DNS.

They do that so that when you browse to http://web or http://web2 you get different sites, but both served by Apache on the same box..

Isn't it possible in Apache to use a single IP, and direct to different websites based on the DNS name someone uses?

For example Apache would say  

http://web.domain.com --> /index.html
http://web2.domain.com --> /directory/index.html
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Question by:shanepresley
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by:gripe
ID: 12699572
Yes, this is called Virtual Hosting... Hold on a minute and I'll point you to the doc.
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by:gripe
ID: 12699610
Here's the document:

http://httpd.apache.org/docs/vhosts/

It's very easy to set up. For instance, here's an example:

<VirtualHost 123.123.123.123>
    ServerName foo.bar.com # This is the DNS name you want to associate
    DocumentRoot /baz/httpd

    <Directory>
        # some directory stuff here that applies to this virtual host.
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>
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by:shanepresley
ID: 12699623
Thanks.  I'd also appreciate any pros/cons of doing it with one IP vs multiple IPs, assuming you are running on the same physical box?

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gripe earned 2000 total points
ID: 12699806
The pros are that you can re-use a single IP over and over again for many sites as opposed to dedicating an entire IP and port pair to one.

There aren't many cons. You will no longer be able to access your vhosts by IP (since they no longer have a unique IP and the 'Host:' header is used to access the correct site) but this isn't generally a big deal. I had some issues with redirection many moons ago but I don't remember the specifics and I remember it being easy to fix.

Another con is that all sites that are vhosted under a single instance of apache are affected by apache restarts and/or problems.

For most sites Virtual hosting is perfect. A lot of people are vhosted by their webhosting company without even knowing it. (It's that transparent)
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