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I want to directly address my computers TCP/IP numbers.

    What do I need to know and how should I best approach the setting up TCP/IP Addresses on my simple computer network. Web references and information is also appreciated so I can learn what I need to know about this subject.

    All computers are running on Windows 2000 Professional not server. I have two home computers connected with a Linksys router, And I dial in through a phone modem to my business network of 4 machines.
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xjdigger
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xjdigger
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3 Solutions
 
edboredCommented:

Well, if you're using linksys you might try:

http://www.linksys.com/edu/
or
http://www.linksys.com/edu/networkbasics/Linksys%20Networking%20Basics_files/frame.htm

By the way, is there any particular reason you can't use the Linksys router as a DHCP server - then your network setup is very simple...

If you must go static, there are some screenshots at:
http://www.lava.net/support/config/dsl/windows/static/Win2K/

For both workstations:
You'd change "default gateway" IP to be the IP address of the router.
You'd change preferred DNS IP to whatever your ISP provides for you.

For each workstation, you'd enter a unique IP address that matches the Linksys subnet ie. 192.168.0.xxx, or 10.0.0.xxx, or 192.168.1.xxx  (I don't know what linksys uses by default).

One thing to make sure of is that the static IPs you use are set outside of the DHCP scope in the linksys router. That is, in NetGear routers, you set DHCP to allocate IPs starting from some IP (192.168.1.100) and for a range of 32 IPs - that means DHCP will still work for up to 32 IP addresses starting from 192.168.1.100, but everything else is available to be statically assigned (no possibility of "collision").

Some routers give you the best of both worlds - you use DHCP, but reserve IP addresses by MAC address (this is the unique ID of each network card on the planet). So, you fire up router, fire up workstations, then log into router and, for each workstation, record the MAC address/IP combination. Now, everytime you reboot workstations and/or router the router will examine the MAC addres of the workstation, check to see if this is in reserve list, then assign IP accordingly.

Cheers,
EdB
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-Leo-Commented:
Here is the great home networking guide: http://www.homenethelp.com/
Also this Microsoft page will be useful: http://search.microsoft.com/search/results.aspx?st=b&na=88&View=en-us&qu=Windows+2000+TCP%2fIP

To set up your computers at home with TCP/IP addresses you have to decide what type of addresses you will be using: static or dynamic. You can assign static addresses manually and dynamic - via DHCP server which probably embedded into your firewall/router.

If you can be more specific and tell us more details about your network, it will be easier to help you ...
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rindiCommented:
I'd use the Default Linksys DHCP server to assign your PCs dynamic IPs. If those PCs run regularly they will most probably always get the same IP Address so once you have the router setup, you can find out the IP's of those individual machines and connect to them if they share network resources.
On the router itself you should be able to connect via a web interface and if that router has any "normal" features, you will also be able view the active DHCP leases, along with the name of the PC.
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dutchclanCommented:
IP Adressing Class C

Getting Started:

Reserve Some IP`s for special equipment like A router, A fileserver, Network printers ec.

With a Small Network <50

192.168.1.1 <- Router (Linqsys)

192.168.1.2 / 192.168.1.19 <- Reserved Adresses

Define the Starting Address for your clients :

192.168.1.20 / 192.168.1.254

Now u have the basic Network arrangement for your simple network. Now u should define all other services like DNS, WINS(if available),GATEWAY ec.

knowing that u dont have a server installed, i figure that either WINS and or DHCP is available from the linksys router. Because u use static ips the DHCP will be disabled.

the Services:

DHCP <- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (Usually router or server Alway one instance! or Replication mode with servers)

WINS <- Windows Internet Name Services  (Usually router or server more instances possible when replication is enabled usually one instance)

DNS <- Domain Name Services (Usually router or custom local DNS from Server, Multiple instances possible when NS records are correctly set (arpa && in_arpa lookups))

Gateway <- Virtual Path to the Internet.

######################################################

In your case a config might look like this.

fysical network settings.

Router                      192.168.1.1/24            #/24 stands for subnet : 255.255.255.0

Client1                      192.168.1.20/24
Client2                      192.168.1.21/24
Client3                      192.168.1.22/24
Client4                      192.168.1.23/24

Computer Settings

Client 1

IP: 192.168.1.20

SubNetMask: 255.255.255.0

Primary DNS: 192.168.1.1  <- Providers DNS could also be directly entered with no dns server
Sec DNS      : 192.168.1.1  <- idem

WINS          : 192.168.1.1
GATEWAY    : 192.168.1.1

Client 2

IP: 192.168.1.21

SubNetMask: 255.255.255.0

Primary DNS: 192.168.1.1  <- Providers DNS could also be directly entered with no dns server
Sec DNS      : 192.168.1.1  <- idem

WINS          : 192.168.1.1
GATEWAY    : 192.168.1.1

Client 3

IP: 192.168.1.22

SubNetMask: 255.255.255.0

Primary DNS: 192.168.1.1  <- Providers DNS could also be directly entered with no dns server
Sec DNS      : 192.168.1.1  <- idem

WINS          : 192.168.1.1
GATEWAY    : 192.168.1.1

Client 4

IP: 192.168.1.23

SubNetMask: 255.255.255.0

Primary DNS: 192.168.1.1  <- Providers DNS could also be directly entered with no dns server
Sec DNS      : 192.168.1.1  <- idem

WINS          : 192.168.1.1
GATEWAY    : 192.168.1.1

####################################################

Keep in Mind!

DHCP has no use IF Static ips are used!
DNS if router as DNS server doesnt work, Use the providers DNS directly (happend before)
WINS if router doesnt support wins, local lookup on computernames like ( \\PCX) might not work, if no server installed its best to use router as wins.

Gl

Regards Chris Gralike
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xjdiggerAuthor Commented:
As I mentioned this is a simple network, with windows 2000 professional not server. And so far only used for file and print shareing.

     The problem is that I get my information from this work site and do the accounting and occasional computer management when necessary. The phone network is so slow. I am trying to figure out how to speed it up. Every time I select a file in explorer, I wait 40 seconds or more to beable to select another item or scrol the screen, and this is a pain in the ass when I need to copy several files. It is like at each selection the computer is searching everything to figure out what it wants to do. Sometimes I have copied files quicker than what time it took to select them.

    This network was so much faster on slower machines with windows 95 and 98.
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xjdiggerAuthor Commented:
P.S.

I am asking this question because I really want to know what numbers do I properly use for network addressing, Because I have read about the numbering parameters in the past, and while I am among so many professionals there is no better place to get the recipe for how best to set up direct addressing. Where I have another question posted elsewhere to explore the use of intranet, to send email between computers for better compunication in the organization
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rindiCommented:
A dial up modem connection just is slow, particularly for networking. Is it ISDN or Analog? Are both ends using dialup, or are you dialing the internet and then using some VPN type connection to get connected to your company?
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xjdiggerAuthor Commented:
Thanks
What I was asking for is basically what dutchclan gave me it was more of a complete recipe of setting up the addresses. edbored and leo gave some good links to study and understand more about networking.

I feel like a school teacher to have to split up points. If there was a way I just say 500 points to all. I don't really know what the points are for but I do understand rewards for the ego system. So I just awarded every one 10,000 points each. What! I can't do that, ok, dutchclangets 400 for answering what I needed to know, And the further links to some good information that I will need in spiffing up my system gets 50 points each. This doesn't exactly seem fair somehow someone would think I should do something different, but I don't know what I'm doing anyway, other than to say thanks for your information I really do appreciate the help.
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xjdiggerAuthor Commented:
Hi rindi
   I was just closing this out. this dialup was not part of the original question just a comment to my problem.
    I am dialing telephone to telephone and there are so many errors in the management logs, that I am cleaning up the system in hopes to speed it up. I had another comment about direct addressing from a another problem request, that I found it easier to ask separate direct questions, rather than complicating the discussions and I would be even more confused than what I am now. I see at this forum people are enjoying competeing for points which I have not understood yet because I am very new to this forum.
    let me know if you have some ideas of speeding up telephone to telephone networking and I will repost the individual question so you can give me a complete answer on a separate thread.

    I'm just small business owner, who uses computers to keep records and information. I have worked computers since the 70's on tape to tape communications, to the first PC 8088 dual floppy and upgraded through most all series of computers 286-50z,386,486,p5-60/75/166/266 /450/550/1.28g/ and currently on 3.2g abit mb.program dBASE for my own applications since1978 not to mention that I am a pc mag subscriber since 1978 and have all copies from then to now

Let me know if you want me to repost this question to telephone to telephone
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rindiCommented:
I don't think you'll be able to achieve a good speed using dialup connections (Phone to Phone). What you need is a good internet connectionvia ADSL or Cable, and then you could connect via VPN from one location to the other. That way you will get much better speed (depending on the ADSL or Cable connection you get). This would probably not be much more expensive than dialup connections.
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edboredCommented:
Another approach might be to use something like PCAnywhere or NetMeeting - this way when you dial-in from home you aren't running applications at home and pulling all the data across the phone line. Instead what you are doing is sending mouse and keystrokes TO the remote PC, and receiving screen updates FROM the remote PC. In effect, your home PC becomes a terminal that "takes over" one of the office PCs, allowing you to see what is going on "over there".  

Cheers,
EdB
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dutchclanCommented:
Network speeds, Network Lookup Problems are most common in home networking and all seem to have a cause.

The fact that u use a "phone to phone" connection (64K isdn) might be the bottleneck u are looking for as rindi states. But this doesnt mean that LAN should be!

simply stated, If lan speeds are 100Mbit FD  then your local network should have that speed. Reading from your previous comment the network indexing is verry slow "but" the file transfer is fast. This might indicate a dns lookup problem on your local lan. This might be caused by the fact that u dont run a local dns server on wich to query lookups and arp lookups are awnsered directly from the clients. This takes time.

Windows XP is also known to index the complete network before showing the "full network"  icon in your "my network places".

Many things might be pointed out on why your network "Might be" slow. From a broken cable to a bad NIC.

so my advice is, isolate your findings and post again ;)

gl with your buisiness

regards Chris gralike
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