List ALL the components necessary to build a 100BASE-T network, including the quantity needed, I just graduated but really dont know what I need and my employer asked me, but I have no real idea.

Posted on 2005-04-12
Last Modified: 2010-04-10
I need a List of ALL the components necessary to build a 100BASE-T network, including the quantity needed.  There are 15 users and we need a high performance printing system. If you use a wiring device of any kind you are limited to 8-port devices. A numbered list would be great. The solution must include the hardware and software components necessary. Basically I need the starting point to be  An empty room.  We not want a peer-to-peer network. I just need the networking components  hardware and software I dont need brand names.   Thank you whoever helps, I have an it degree but I need refreshing and I dont have time.
Question by:ceceredean
    LVL 4

    Expert Comment

    You need a switch with 24 ports as you have 15 users + 1 printer and probably will want additional server or internet in the future. So the closest swith will have 24 ports. Try any: Cisco Catalyst or D-link 24 port ethernet switch. Then you need Printer with network printing capability (i.e. JetDirect card). Ideally buy one server but it is optional. And of cause cabling has to be done in your room to connect your computers to the switch. ope computers have LAN adapters)

    1 - Cabling in the room (check with local companies for details)
    2 - Switch - Cisco Catalyst 2950T-24  ( )
    3 - Network capable printer - HP ... with Jet Direct card
    4 - Server (optional)

    P.S. No additional software is requeired until any special features are needed. (Internet, DNS, ...)


    Author Comment

    If its requested that if a wiring device of any kind is used it should be limited to an  8-port devices.  And if they are pc's or apples their os systems will have all the software necessary to make the network functional.  Could you please elaborate on these additional requirements, thanks for your time.  Arent switches and hubs basically the same could I use a hub or hubs instead of switches sorry if im asking too much.
    LVL 27

    Expert Comment

    You have an IT degree?  From where?

    How are you supposed to connect 15 users, servers, and printer(s) with 8 port hubs ... and have it be high performance.  Yes, you could chain 3 8 port hubs together, but what is the point?  If you're starting from a "bare room" and you have to buy everything, get your self a 24 port SWITCH, not a HUB.  No, they're NOT the same thing.  Get a switch with a couple of GigE ports in it, with the rest being 10/100.

    You'll need a STRUCTURED CABLING system - patch cables connect to wall jacks which have horizontal cabling to a centralized patch panel.  From that patch panel, patch cables to the switch.  All cabling, jacks, and patch panels should be Category 5e or better (Cat5e).

    If you want "high performance" you want a couple of servers.  For a "non-peer to peer" network, you're going to need a server which does Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (triple A or AAA) - which is usually a Microsoft Windows 2003 (or equivalent) Active Directory or Domain Controller.  Each user on the network would have an account and their own space on the server for file storage.  You're going to want a seperate Print Server for "high performance" where an Admin can control and prioritize the print jobs as they pass through.  Additionally, the print server will have a higher queuing capacity and you can use specialized software and/or rules which give priority to different jobs or users.

    Odds are you're probably going to want to connect this net to the Internet so you'll need some kind of firewall and router - although these can be combined into one unit for Small Office and Home Office (SOHO) this isn't advisable for businesses which have more demanding needs and the ability to control and troubleshoot more effectively.

    For your servers, you'll want to consider physical security - servers are most vulnerable when they can be physically accessed.  Then they'll need special cooling, a regulated humidity environment, a low static environment.  You'll want to consider fault tolerance - with multiple power supplies, hard drives, perhaps network connections, etc. depending on your level of acceptable risk of downtime because of physical failure.  You'll also need a UPS and possibly alternative power supply (generator).  You'll need to evaluate and adopt some kind of data backup strategy.

    I think that about covers it.

    If you didn't already know all of this, and you have to put this in, then I would strongly suggest hiring a consultant or integrator to help you.
    LVL 13

    Accepted Solution

    Hello.  This is an interesting assignment that's probably designed simply to make you think.

    "if a wiring device of any kind is used"  Wiring MUST be used because the assignment calls for "a 100BASE-T network," a WIRED network.

    "There are 15 users"
              1. 15 complete workstations (monitors, keyboards, mice) with built-in NICs
              2. 15 Licenses for XP professional
                   a. 1 media kit
    "we need a high performance printing system"
              3. 1 HP Laserjet 4250n (45 ppm—includes NIC, software, and drivers)

    "you are limited to 8-port devices"
              4. 3 switches with 8 ports (If you only use two 8-port switches, connecting them leaves 14 ports, but you need 16—15 workstations and one printer [the
                   printer MUST be attached to the switch to eliminate peer-to-peer].
                    a. 18 CAT5 patch cords, 15 for the workstations, one for the printer, and 2 to connect the switches (They have auto MDIX settings [your instructor might want
                        to see 16 CAT5 patch cords and 2 CAT5 crossovers, though--assuming the switch does not sense the need])

    “We not want a peer-to-peer network.”
              5. You’ll have a “non-peer-to-peer network” for printer sharing.  If you are supposed to share files, you’ll also need to add a server and server software; however,
                  it doesn’t seem that the assignment calls for a server—strictly a network.  It seems like a low-end trick question.

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