hosts per subnet

can some1 explain how to calculate the maximum number of hosts per subnet.

e.g. class B network with a subnet mask of
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neteducationConnect With a Mentor Commented:
If you have a subnetmask of then this is binary


Or in other words you have 22 bits "network" and 10 bit's "host"-part

With 10 bits you can have 2^10 hosts which is 1024 minus two because the very firt and the very last address are reserved (first=networkaddress, last=broadcast address)
Yup, that's the answer. can make things easy for you - I just pasted into the netmask field, and it told me: Hosts/Net: 1022    
BTW, a "class B" network has a netmask of by definition, so your question is a bit confused.  ipcalc will confirm that a network with that netmask has 65532 host addresses.
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mat: class b has 65534 (2^16 - 2)
He has subnetted his class B into a 1024 host subnet. Quite common. We've done the same with the private class A range (and the private Class B - Grr!).

Neteducation is right on the money.
Hosts are calculated from the subnet masks. The concept of classes is now deminishing and we are now in the world of CIDR (Classless InterDomain Routing)

Anyways to calculate the hosts of a particular subnet just subtract the non-255 octet from 256. e.g if you have a mask of you can have four hosts in the network.
One important thing the first address of would be the subnetwork address which identifies the subnetwork and the last address would be the broadcast address. so effectively you will have two IP addresses which you can use.
Hope it helps.
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