Regarding test command

1. If a variable is undefined how do i check the variable undefined using test command?

echo $zzz
ksh: zzz: parameter not set

test $zzz
ksh: zzz: parameter not set
echo $?

test -z $zzz
ksh: zzz: parameter not set
echo $?

2. there is a option -z in test command which say true if the string has zero length. I had tried but i am not
getting the output
test -z $zzz
ksh: test: argument expected
test -z $zzz
ksh: test: argument expected
test -z $zzz
ksh: test: argument expected
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man test

if condition  ;  then  action  ;  else  action2  ;  fi

you need the "else" action2, or add "!" before condition


if (!test $zzz) ....
test -z "$zzz"

test -z $zzz

In this, $zzz is an empty string, hence the test statement evaluates to
test -z

which is wrong for a zero length string, however
test -z ""
is correct which is obtained thru
test -z "$zzz"

Note : see usage of [ ] for emulating test.

for 1) there's a hack

if [ $abc = 'undefined' ]; then
1. not possible in ksh or with test
  use csh $?zzz
  in ksh, test, bash you only can check for an empty value which can not be distinguished from a none-existing variable

2 test -z "$zzz"   (as already said)

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pigeon5566Author Commented:
Thanks a lot for the info
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