Error details/description rather than just @@Error number

Using SQL Server 2000

I am trying to get the error description that you get in Query Analyzer or in a web page connection - only directly in a stored procedure in MS SQL.

Basically this message:

Server: Msg 2627, Level 14, State 1, Line 1
Violation of PRIMARY KEY constraint 'UPKCL_pubind'. Cannot insert duplicate key in object 'publishers'.
The statement has been terminated.

A very detailed example of what I am looking for is here: http:Q_20336836.html
It even shows examples of what is being looked for and what the template in master.dbo.sysmessages looks like.

However, the solution there was to get the information through the web server/programming code - not directly within a stored procedure.

I also looked at the link here:
http://www.winnetmag.com/SQLServer/Article/ArticleID/22069/22069.html

which was an article recommended here : http:Q_20891906.html as a way to get the output buffer, but it is not clean like the above message and I need the clean message.

It seems strange to me that SQL Query Analyzer can get this error information.
Programming languages have this information passed as a database exception/error message (depending on the language), but that the error cannot be accessed in SQL itself.


Any ideas on how this can be done?
LVL 35
mrichmonAsked:
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Anthony PerkinsCommented:
The good news is there is a T-SQL function to do this: FORMATMESSAGE

The bad news is that it only "works with error messages between the values of 13000 and 2147483647"
BUG: FORMATMESSAGE Works with the Same User-Defined Messages as RAISERROR
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;281680

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Anthony PerkinsCommented:
In case you are wondering why I pointed that out:  I thought I would save you the effort of going down that road.
mrichmonAuthor Commented:
hmmm...
so it does't work for errors like constraint violations or insert failures?

The problem I have is that we have a nightly job and if an error occurs I can give a generic message as to where in the stored proc it was, but would like to email the actual error to support so that we can investigate why it failed.  As many of the tasks in the stored proc are time sensitive for hitting other databases - sometimes if we run it later the error changes or is no longer there.  By emailing the actual error to support we can determine if we can avoid the problem in the future by adjusting the time the job runs.

I appreciate you pointing this out.  I am guessing it is related to the fact that user defined error messages do not have the template variables that need to be filled in which is why that would only work with those errors.

Any ideas on how to get the message for standard errors?  Or how Query ANalyzer does it?  Or how it is passed to web languages such as through .NET to C#?
Anthony PerkinsCommented:
>>Any ideas on how to get the message for standard errors?<<
I am afraid not.
Anthony PerkinsCommented:
Strange ...
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