mod_rewrite - simple I'm sure...

I need to rewrite the URL:


My latest attempt doesn't work but I've never done this before and I'm half guessing:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
        RewriteEngine on
        RewriteRule ^gilmanciocia/opportunity/([A-Za-z]+)$ gilmanciocia/opportunity/index.php?name=$1

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You're using the rules in a /.htaccess (=root)?

remove the '<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>', this hides usefull errors, if the module isn't loaded.

Did you check in your httpd.conf, if AllowOverride is set to FileInfo (-> AllowOverride FileInfo), otherwise you cannot use mod_rewrite in a .htaccess file (if you did so). You can also try a local URL

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^gilmanciocia/opportunity/([A-Za-z]+)$ /gilmanciocia/opportunity/index.php?name=$1 [L]

and if you're using the rules in your httpd.conf (per-server context), you must use

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^/gilmanciocia/opportunity/([A-Za-z]+)$ /gilmanciocia/opportunity/index.php?name=$1 [L]

A simple mod_rewrite availability test would be

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^ [R,L]

you should see for every request. If you're using it in a .htaccess file and if you get a 404, AllowOverride FileInfo is missing.

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sblissAuthor Commented:
I did indeed have to set AllowOverride FileInfo and changing the rule to:

RewriteRule ^/gilmanciocia/opportunity/([A-Za-z]+)$ /gilmanciocia/opportunity/index.php?name=$1 [L]

did the trick. What's the [L] and [R] for?

Thanks for your quick and accurate response.
L means last, rules below aren't checked anymore
R forces an external redirection with HTTP status code 302 (moves temp.), so the URl will change in the location bar

AllowOverride... so you're using it in a .htaccess file. Usually there is no leading slash in the pattern (left side) of the RewriteRule. hm...
sblissAuthor Commented:
This is on my MacMini in my studio. I use it as a development server and I provide client access through a free IP service...if that somehow explains the leading slash.

The bottom line is it works... and thanks again.

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