unresolved externals linking to gSOAP objects

softechnics
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I've developed a stand-alone Web Service C++ client (WSClient.exe) that works. Now, I need to link the gSOAP generated oject files into a legacy C++ application. So I generate the object files as before, but do not link the objects creating an executable. Instead, I then compile and link my legacy app with the gSOAP generated objects. I get unsatisfied Link errors as follows:

(All in stdsoap2.obj):

_namespaces
___mb_cur_max
plus a couple long std:: fucntions.

I found mb_cur_max and MB_CUR_MAX in stdlib.h and included it, but the error persists. I would think the problem is that my legacy Makefile is not including an object or library that the standalone test client Makefile is including, but I cannot find it. Also, namespaces is not found in stdlib.h, but is found in a few other system includes, but none that are included in the working WS client application.

Any ideas?
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jkr
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
Chances are that you are linking with the wrong version of the CRT (libc.lib vs. msvcrt.lib). What are your compiler and linker options?

Author

Commented:
***********************************************
* The gSOAP makefile (for the legacy system) is as follows (run first - builds the SOAP lib files and my ws client and puts in WebService.lib):
***********************************************

GSOAPDIR=gSOAP
GSOAP=$(GSOAPDIR)\soapcpp2.exe
SOAPH=$(GSOAPDIR)\stdsoap2.h
SOAPC=$(GSOAPDIR)\stdsoap2.c
SOAPCPP=$(GSOAPDIR)\stdsoap2.cpp
WSDL=USMCAccessor.wsdl
WSDL2H=wsdl2h.exe

CC=cl
CPP=cl
COFLAGS=-O2 -c
CWFLAGS=-Wall
CIFLAGS=-I..\include -I..\..\include\stutil32 -I..\.. -I$(GSOAPDIR)
CMFLAGS=-GX
CFLAGS= $(COFLAGS) $(CIFLAGS) $(CMFLAGS)

CPU = i386
PROJ = WebService

#CONSOLE_APP = 1
#GUI_APP     = 1
#DLL_APP     = 1
LIB_APP     = 1

# Define project specific macros
PROJ_OBJS  = $(CPU)\soapClient.obj $(CPU)\soapC.obj $(CPU)\stdsoap2.obj $(CPU)\WSClient.obj

BASE_OBJS  =
OBJDIR     = $(CPU)
EXTRA_LIBS = odbc32.lib odbccp32.lib wsock32.lib
GLOBAL_DEP =
RC_DEP     =
PROJ_DEP   =
INCLUDES   = $(CIFLAGS)
CDEFS      = -DWINNT
lflags     = /INCREMENTAL:NO /PDB:NONE /RELEASE /NOLOGO

!ifdef DEBUG
DEBUG_OPTS = $(ldebug) -debugtype:both
!endif

all:            WSClient $(CPU)\$(PROJ).lib      

# Build rule for WSClient header file (built by gSOAP)
WSClient.h:
                  cd $(GSOAPDIR)
                  $(WSDL2H) -c -o WSClient.h $(WSDL)
                  mv WSClient.h ..
                  cd ..

# Build rule for Web Service Client .OBJ files
WSClient:      WSClient.h WSClient.cpp $(SOAPH) $(SOAPCPP)
                  $(GSOAP) WSClient.h
                  $(CPP) $(CFLAGS) -o WSClient WSClient.cpp soapC.c soapClient.c $(SOAPCPP)
                  mv *.obj $(CPU)

# Build rule for LIB
!ifdef LIB_APP
$(CPU)\$(PROJ).lib: $(PROJ_OBJS)
  lib /OUT:$(CPU)\$(PROJ).lib $(PROJ_OBJS)
  copy $(CPU)\$(PROJ).lib ..\lib
  copy soapH.h ..\include
  copy soapStub.h ..\include
  copy $(GSOAPDIR)\stdsoap2.h ..\include
!endif

clean:
            rm -f *.o soapH.h soapStub.h soapC.cpp soapC.c soapClient.cpp soapClient.c soapServer.cpp soapServer.c soap*Proxy.h
distclean:
            rm -f *.o *.wsdl *.xsd *.xml *.nsmap *.log soapH.h soapStub.h soapC.cpp soapC.c soapClient.cpp soapClient.c soapServer.cpp soapServer.c soap*Proxy.h WSClient

**********************************
* The legacy Makefile is as follows (run second - includes WebService.lib, from above):
**********************************
!include <win32.mak>

PROJ = DBItem

CONSOLE_APP = 1
LIB_APP     = 1

# Default the CPU variable to i386 if not defined.
!ifndef CPU
CPU = i386
!endif

all: $(CPU)\$(PROJ).exe $(CPU)\$(PROJ)Hook.lib


# Define project specific macros
PROJ_OBJS  = $(CPU)\gh_Item.obj
HOOK_OBJS  = $(CPU)\gh_ItemHook.obj

BASE_OBJS  =
OBJDIR     = $(CPU)
EXTRA_LIBS = odbc32.lib odbccp32.lib wsock32.lib netapi32.lib ..\..\lib\DataBase.lib ..\..\lib\remote.lib \
             ..\..\lib\stutil32.lib ..\..\lib\sapi.lib ..\..\lib\sremote.lib \
             ..\..\lib\RapiItemSrv.lib ..\..\lib\CommonBusRule.lib ..\..\lib\DBItemHook.lib \
             ..\..\lib\DBAuthHook.lib ..\lib\WebService.lib
GLOBAL_DEP = ..\include\WSClient2.h ..\include\ItemHook.h ..\..\include\DBItem.h
RC_DEP     =
PROJ_DEP   = ..\..\lib\DataBase.lib ..\..\lib\remote.lib ..\..\lib\sapi.lib ..\..\lib\sremote.lib \
             ..\..\lib\RapiItemSrv.lib ..\..\lib\CommonBusRule.lib \
             ..\..\lib\DBItemHook.lib ..\lib\WebService.lib
INCLUDES   = -I ..\..\include\stutil32 -I ..\include -I ..\..\include -I ..\include\4690
CDEFS      = -DWINNT
lflags     = /INCREMENTAL:NO /PDB:NONE /RELEASE /NOLOGO /NODEFAULTLIB:libc.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:libcpmtd.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:libcp.lib

!ifndef NODEBUG
DEBUG_OPTS = $(ldebug) -debugtype:both
!endif


# Inference rule for updating the object files
{.}.cpp{$(OBJDIR)}.obj:
!ifdef DLL_APP
  $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsdll) $(CDEFS) -Zp1 -GX -GF -Fo$* $(INCLUDES) $<
!else
  $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsdll) $(CDEFS) -Zp1 -GX -GF -Fo$* $(INCLUDES) $<
!endif

# Build rule for CONSOLE EXE
!ifdef CONSOLE_APP
$(CPU)\$(PROJ).EXE: $(BASE_OBJS) $(PROJ_OBJS) $(PROJ_DEP) $(PROJ).res
    $(link) $(DEBUG_OPTS) $(conlflags) \
    /NODEFAULTLIB:libcmt.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:nafxcw.lib \
    $(BASE_OBJS) $(PROJ_OBJS) $(PROJ).res $(EXTRA_LIBS) \
    -out:$(CPU)\$(PROJ).exe $(MAPFILE)
!endif

# Build rule for LIB
!ifdef LIB_APP
$(CPU)\$(PROJ)Hook.lib: $(HOOK_OBJS)
  lib /OUT:$(CPU)\$(PROJ)Hook.lib $(HOOK_OBJS)
  copy $(CPU)\$(PROJ)Hook.lib ..\lib
!endif

jkr
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
Try to remove '/NODEFAULTLIB:libc.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:libcpmtd.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:libcp.lib' from the 'lflags' in the legacy makefile.
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Author

Commented:
I get several multiply defined errors in msvcrt.lib and libc.lib, then a message from the linker to use the /NODEFAULT option on these files. Then I get only 1 unresolved external on 'namespaces'.
jkr
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
What are the CFLAGS from your Win32.mak?

Author

Commented:
>>  What are the CFLAGS from your Win32.mak?
I'm using the default Visual Studio Win32.mak file found in the MSVC include folder.

Additional Info:

I linked with the /VERBOSE option and found the mb_cur_max defined in libc.lib, so I only removed the /NODEFAULTLIB option for that file. That took care of that unresolved, but it replaced it with another (ARGHHH!!!). Even with the VERBOSE option, I could not find where 'namespaces' was defined or being used.

The other three unresolved externals are:

WebService.lib(stdsoap2.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol "public: static class std::locale::id std::ctype<char>::id" (?id@?$ctype@D@std@@2V0loca
le@2@A)
WebService.lib(stdsoap2.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol "private: static int std::locale::id::_Id_cnt" (?_Id_cnt@id@locale@std@@0HA)
WebService.lib(stdsoap2.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol "private: static short const * const std::ctype<char>::_Cltab" (?_Cltab@?$ctype@D@std@@0PBFB)
jkr
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
That is related to '/NODEFAULTLIB:libcp.lib' - these functions reside in libcp.lib

Author

Commented:
I'm pretty sure it is. But if I remove it, then I get several additional errors as a result of multiply defined variables, as follows:

libcp.lib(locale.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::_Locinfo::_Locinfo(char const *)" (??0_Locinfo@std@@QAE@PBD@Z) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(locale.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::_Locinfo::~_Locinfo(void)" (??1_Locinfo@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(locale.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<char
,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(locale0.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: class std::locale::facet const* __thiscall std::locale::_Getfacet(unsigned int,bool)const " (?_Getfacet@locale
@std@@QBEPBVfacet@12@I_N@Z) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)libcp.lib(locale0.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: bool __thiscall std::locale::_I
scloc(void)const " (?_Iscloc@locale@std@@QBE_NXZ) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(locale0.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<cha
r,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined inmsvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(wlocale.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<cha
r,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined inmsvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(xlocale.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<cha
r,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined inmsvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libcp.lib(string.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<char
,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libc.lib(crt0dat.obj) : error LNK2005: _exit already defined in msvcrt.lib(MSVCRT.dll)
libc.lib(crt0dat.obj) : error LNK2005: __exit already defined in msvcrt.lib(MSVCRT.dll)
libc.lib(crt0init.obj) : error LNK2005: ___xc_z already defined in msvcrt.lib(cinitexe.obj)
libc.lib(crt0init.obj) : error LNK2005: ___xc_a already defined in msvcrt.lib(cinitexe.obj)
libc.lib(crt0init.obj) : error LNK2005: ___xi_z already defined in msvcrt.lib(cinitexe.obj)
libc.lib(crt0init.obj) : error LNK2005: ___xi_a already defined in msvcrt.lib(cinitexe.obj)

LINK : warning LNK4098: defaultlib "msvcrt.lib" conflicts with use of other libs; use /NODEFAULTLIB:library

LINK : warning LNK4098: defaultlib "libc.lib" conflicts with use of other libs;use /NODEFAULTLIB:library

WebService.lib(stdsoap2.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol _namespaces

i386\DBItem.exe : fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals

Damned if I do, damned if I don't. In this case, three of the four unresolveds go away, only to be replaced by a bunch of multiply defineds.
Top Expert 2012
Commented:
You should remove the references to msvc(p)rt.lib - either these of libc(p).lib, both won't work.

Author

Commented:
PROGRESS!

I found that if I compile stdsoap2.cpp with -DWITH_NONAMESPACE, this resolves the "unresolved _namespaces" error.
I also must have the /NODEFAULTLIB:libc link flag set to resolve the 'mb_cur_max' undefined error.

Author

Commented:
I'm down to several multiply defined errors, but I believe they can all be summed up as follows:

libcp.lib(string.obj) : error LNK2005: "public: __thiscall std::basic_string<char,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string<char
,struct std::char_traits<char>,class std::allocator<char> >(void)" (??1?$basic_string@DU?$char_traits@D@std@@V?$allocator@D@2@@std@@QAE@XZ) already defined in msvcprt.lib(MSVCP60.dll)

libc.lib(crt0dat.obj) : error LNK2005: _exit already defined in msvcrt.lib(MSVCRT.dll)

My link command looks like this:

link -debug:full -debugtype:cv -debugtype:both /INCREMENTAL:NO /PDB:NONE /RELEASE /NOLOGO /NODEFAULTLIB:libcpmtd.lib -subsystem:console,4.0  /NODEFAULTLIB:libcmt.lib /NODEFAULTLIB:nafxcw.lib   i386\gh_Item.obj DBItem.res odbc32.lib odbccp32.lib wsock32.lib netapi32.lib ..\..\lib\DataBase.lib ..\..\lib\remote.lib  ..\..\lib\stutil32.lib ..\..\lib\sapi.lib ..\..\lib\sremote.lib  ..\..\lib\RapiItemSrv.lib ..\..\lib\CommonBusRule.lib ..\..\lib\DBItemHook.lib  ..\..\lib\DBAuthHook.lib ..\lib\WebService.lib ws2_32.lib  -out:i386\DBItem.exe

What next? ( I knew there was a good reason I deserted the C/C++ ship 10 years ago before getting into Windows programming for a reason. :-) )

Author

Commented:
EUREKA!

Finally got a good build. The last problem was resolved by placing the -MD flag in the CFLAGS list in my WebService makefile.

I appreciate your patience and assistance in helping me struggle through this quagmire of libraries. Thanks.
jkr
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
Great that you found it. Sorry for not responding earlier, but there's a life without computers also ;o)

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