Domains and machines

Got a few questions regarding WS 2003.

1. What is signifcance of a machine joining the domain?
2. How are portables affected - its been a while since I looked at WS, but I presume roaming profiles still exist and allow use of the portable while off-site?
3. Can 'guest' machines use server resources without joining domain, in particular disk shares?

Thanks
CT
countytechnologiesAsked:
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krakkenCommented:
Joining a domain is for Security.

The significance is that you are moving the main catalog of usernames and passwords to a central server where they're managed.

You can still log on locally, because passwords are cached.  And yes profiles are still stored locally.

Roaming profiles still exist yes.  and Yes you can use them off-site as the profile is cached.

Guest machines can use resources as long as they have authentication.  For example, if people need to use a share, create an account for them to use and they can type the account when accessing the share.
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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
Hi countytechnologies,
> 1. What is signifcance of a machine joining the domain?

When a machine becomes part of a domain, it is subject to the policies enforced by the domain and allows for a single logon to be used to acccess other Windows resources on that domain.

> 2. How are portables affected - its been a while since I looked at WS,
> but I presume roaming profiles still exist and allow use of the portable
> while off-site?

This is configurable, but by default, Windows remembers the last 10 logons and caches them.  So if you logon while on the domain and then take the computer off site, you can still logon to the machine.  Using offline files, you can even have access to most of your office files and automatically sync changes when you reconnect to the domain.  (Just do so at least once every 60 days as Active Directory does tombstone objects (again, by default) after 60 days, meaning they would then have issues reconnecting to network resources.

> 3. Can 'guest' machines use server resources without joining domain,
> in particular disk shares?


Yes, they will be prompted to provide credentials and you will have to enter a username and password appropriate.

Cheers!
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countytechnologiesAuthor Commented:
Many thanks both - don't know how you did it, but you both posted at exactly the same time, so I'll split the points.

Thanks for the speedy response.
CT
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