translate form nameserver to ip

How  the name servers and name resolvers  translate domain name into IP addresses
teeraAsked:
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Irwin SantosComputer Integration SpecialistCommented:
Here is a link to a primer
http://www.webfavor.com/tips/DNS.html
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Irwin SantosComputer Integration SpecialistCommented:
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Bob LambersonSoftware EngineerCommented:
teera,
DNS servers maintain a database of domain names = IP address and also a reverse lookup of IP = domain or host name

Bob
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mattacukCommented:
This is the best resource I have found to explain how DNS works;

http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/Library/0bcd97e6-b75d-48ce-83ca-bf470573ebdc1033.mspx

I used when studyiing for MS exams.
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jabiiiCommented:
simple version
forward DNS reverse, takes a dns name and maps it to a IP
reverse dns lookup takes a ip and provides a dns name.
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