adding an integer to a pointer while creating it (pointer).

Posted on 2006-04-10
Last Modified: 2010-04-15
Can someone please explain me what the folowing code is doing ? I have a problem at , why the pointer is being subtracted from the initial value while returning it. What does it achieve ? And the same (being added) while freeing it.

 * Allocates memory for an double vector from [beg...end]
double  *Dec_Vector(int beg, int end)
  double       *vec;
  if( (end - beg +1) <= 0)
     {printf("In Dec_Vector, Chk the parameters\n");exit(1); }

  vec = (double *)malloc((end-beg+1)*sizeof(double));
  if (vec == NULL) Abort("Error allocating memory in Dec_vector, Aborting ...\n");

 * Free a dec vector
void Free_Dec(double *vec, int beg, int end)
For a 2D array ....

 * Allocate memory for a double matrix [begrow...endrow][begcol...endcol]
double  **Dec_Matrix(int begrow, int endrow, int begcol, int endcol)
  double       **mat;
  int             i;

  mat = (double **)malloc( (endrow-begrow+1)*sizeof(double*));
  if (mat == NULL) Abort("Error allocating memory in Dec_Matrix, Aborting ...\n");
  mat -= begrow;
  for (i=begrow; i<=endrow; i++)
       mat[i] = (double *)malloc((endcol-begcol+1)*sizeof(double));
       if (mat[i] == NULL) Abort("Error allocating memory in Dec_Matrix, Aborting ...\n");
       mat[i] -= begcol;

 * Free a Dec matrix
void Free_Decmatrix(double **mat, int begrow, int endrow, int begcol, int endcol)
  int             i;

  for(i=begrow; i<=endrow; i++)


 And the array is referenced in the main program as below with their starting int values....
 *aa = Dec_Matrix(1,nclone,0,nprobe);
  for (i=1; i<=nclone; i++)
        for (j=0; j<=nprobe; j++)
    ----- here goes some code

 I  dont understand that why not just return the array without subtracting and indices references be just from 0 to its length...

thanks a lot for explaing this code snippet ..

Question by:code4susant
    LVL 48

    Accepted Solution

    Maybe this is done to use it by such way:

    double* d = Dec_Vector(10, 20);

    d[10] = 1.0;
    d[11] = 2.0;
    d[20] = 0.0;

    If beg > 0, Dec_Vector returns pointer to incorrect memory location which should not be accessed directly. But using this pointer in index in  (beg, end) range is OK.
    LVL 14

    Assisted Solution

    AlexFM is correct

    as you know d[10] is equivalent to *(d+10)

    it just forces you to access the vector/matrix elements by indices in the specified range
    LVL 16

    Assisted Solution

    Hi code4susant,

    Although I agree that this is a strange technique, there are some neat uses of it.

    double v = Dec_Vector(-1,1);
    int i;

    for ( i = -1; i <= 1; i++ ) v[i] = ...;

    See how it turns the sometimes unnatural need to index from 0 upwards to a much more natural walk through using a range that feels right?

    LVL 16

    Expert Comment

    Hi code4susant,

    Better still, say you are coding a Tic-Tac-Toe game.

    double  ** board = Dec_Matrix ( -1, 1, -1, 1 );

    You can now use board[-1][-1] to access one corner and board[1][1] for the opposite corner. That feels far more natural to me that the two corners being board[0][0] and board[2][2]!


    Author Comment

    Thank you all for such a prompt reply !  This is life at its best !

    AflexFM hit the point instantly,hoomany spelled it out and thank you Paul for motivating its use . Overall , it was an excellent reply !

    thanks again,

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