interview questions.

I have an interview in a few minutes. Could you give me the most cocise and impressive answers to the following questions:
1. Define polymorphism.
2. what is vitual function/ virtual mechanism.
3. what is the difference is virtual and pure virtual functions.
4. what is a template.
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Ploymorphism is that a pointer to a derived class is type-compatible with a pointer to its base class, so you can use features like

class Vehicle {


virtual void drive() { cout << "driving vehicle" << endl;}

class Bike: public Vehicle {


virtual void drive() { cout << "driving a bike" << endl;}

class Car: public Vehicle {


virtual void drive() { cout << "driving a car" << endl;}

Vehicle* p1 = new Car();
Vehicle* p2 = new Bike();

p1->drive(); // results in "driving a car"
p2->drive(); // results in "driving a bike"


A virtual function is a member function that you expect to be redefined in derived classes. When you refer to a derived class object using a pointer or a reference to the base class, you can call a virtual function for that object and execute the derived class's version of the function.

You don't have to supply a definition for a pure virtual function. They're part of abstract base classes. Specifya  virtual function as pure by placing = 0


Templates are sets of parameterized classes or functions whose functionality depend on that parameterized template type. You can instantiate a class template much like you would instantiate a normal class, but include the template arguments within angle brackets.

>>1. Define polymorphism.

The ability to use the same signature to get different behavior, depending on the object type.
In C++ there's Static polymorphism and dynamic polymorphism.
dynamic polymorphism is a runtime polymorphism and it's achived via virtual functions.

Static polymorphism is a compile time polymorphism, and it's achived either through templates or via overloaded functions.
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