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What is the best way to return a class' private character array?

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Last Modified: 2010-04-01
If a class has a private array member, what is the best way to return this?
Currently, I have it returning as const char* so that they may not alter it,
however this requires them to have a const array themselves, and I don't
know that I like that.

I also have tried a static variable as the return instead, however with this I
don't know that I like the memory being held until my application ends.

Then, I know I could return a string, or use new/delete... But at this point
I figured I would just come and get some input on what all of you feel is the
best way to go about doing such a thing.
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Top Expert 2012
Do you want the array to be modifyable by the callers or do you want to keep the original contents? There are several scenarios, assuming the latter I'd probably pick a std::string to handle that transparently if you wnt the original data in your class to be unchanged, e.g.

#include <string>
using std::string;

class foo {


string get_string () const { return string(m_arr);}


char* m_arr;


Thus would allow the caller to fiddle with the data that is returned without changing your original.

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> ...this requires them to have a const array themselves

Why?  For read access, a client can use the pointer to const char, and to change the string, the client would have to copy it to a non-const array.

For the greatest efficiency, return a pointer to const char.  For the greatest simplicity, convenience, and safety, return a string, as jkr suggested.
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