Warning: mysql_num_rows(): supplied argument is not a valid MySQL result resource

Posted on 2006-04-28
Last Modified: 2013-12-12
I keep getting this error message when i run register.php:
Warning: mysql_num_rows(): supplied argument is not a valid MySQL result resource in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 42

Warning: mysql_num_rows(): supplied argument is not a valid MySQL result resource in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 43
No Database Selected

include 'listing.php';
// Define post fields into simple variables
$first_name = $_POST['first_name'];
$last_name = $_POST['last_name'];
$email_address = $_POST['email_address'];
$username = $_POST['username'];
$info = $_POST['info'];
/* Let's strip some slashes in case the user entered
any escaped characters. */
$first_name = stripslashes($first_name);
$last_name = stripslashes($last_name);
$email_address = stripslashes($email_address);
$username = stripslashes($username);
$info = stripslashes($info);
/* Do some error checking on the form posted fields */
if((!$first_name) || (!$last_name) || (!$email_address) || (!$username)){
    echo 'You did not submit the following required information! <br />';
        echo "First Name is a required field. Please enter it below.<br />";
        echo "Last Name is a required field. Please enter it below.<br />";
        echo "Email Address is a required field. Please enter it below.<br />";
        echo "Desired Username is a required field. Please enter it below.<br />";
    include 'advertise.php'; // Show the form again!
    /* End the error checking and if everything is ok, we'll move on to
     creating the user account */
    exit(); // if the error checking has failed, we'll exit the script!
/* Let's do some checking and ensure that the user's email address or username
does not exist in the database */
 $sql_email_check = mysql_query("SELECT email_address FROM users  
            WHERE email_address=\"$email_address\"");
 $sql_username_check = mysql_query("SELECT username FROM users  
            WHERE username=\"$username\"");
 $email_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_email_check);
 $username_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_username_check);
 if(($email_check > 0) || ($username_check > 0)){
    echo "Please fix the following errors: <br />";
    if($email_check > 0){
        echo "<strong>Your email address has already been used by another member
        in our database. Please submit a different Email address!<br />";
    if($username_check > 0){
        echo "The username you have selected has already been used by another member
         in our database. Please choose a different Username!<br />";
    include 'advertise.php'; // Show the form again!
     exit();  // exit the script so that we do not create this account!
/* Everything has passed both error checks that we have done.
It's time to create the account! */
/* Random Password generator.
We'll generate a random password for the
user and encrypt it, email it and then enter it into the db. */
function makeRandomPassword() {
  $salt = "abchefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyz0123456789";
      $i = 0;
      while ($i <= 7) {
            $num = rand() % 33;
            $tmp = substr($salt, $num, 1);
            $pass = $pass . $tmp;
      return $pass;
$random_password = makeRandomPassword();
$db_password = md5($random_password);
// Enter info into the Database.
$info2 = htmlspecialchars($info);
$sql = mysql_query("INSERT INTO users (first_name, last_name,
        email_address, username, password, info, signup_date)
        VALUES('$first_name', '$last_name', '$email_address',
        '$username', '$db_password', '$info2', now())")  
        or die (mysql_error());
    echo 'There has been an error creating your account. Please contact the webmaster.';
} else {
    $userid = mysql_insert_id();
    // Let's mail the user!
    $subject = "Your Membership at MyWebsite!";
    $message = "Dear $first_name $last_name,
    Thank you for registering at our website,!
    You are two steps away from logging in and accessing our exclusive members area.
    To activate your membership,
    please click here:$userid&code=$db_password
    Once you activate your memebership, you will be able to login
    with the following information:
    Username: $username
    Password: $random_password
    The Webmaster
    This is an automated response, please do not reply!";  
    mail($email_address, $subject, $message,  
        "From: MyDomain Webmaster<>\n
        X-Mailer: PHP/" . phpversion());
    echo 'Your membership information has been mailed to your email address!
    Please check it and follow the directions!';

This is my listing.php connection file:

# FileName="Connection_php_mysql.htm"
# Type="MYSQL"
# HTTP="true"
$hostname_listing = "localhost";
$database_listing = "listing";
$username_listing = "admin";
$password_listing = "helpme";
$listing = mysql_pconnect($hostname_listing, $username_listing, $password_listing) or trigger_error(mysql_error(),E_USER_ERROR);

I have tried commenting out the line 42 and 43 but still get no database selected.  Even if i delete the whole email and username check function i still get no database selected.

Any help much appreciated. Thanks in advance for your help.
Question by:Karen Liddy
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Can you try changing ...

     $sql_email_check = mysql_query("SELECT email_address FROM users  
                WHERE email_address=\"$email_address\"");
     $sql_username_check = mysql_query("SELECT username FROM users  
                WHERE username=\"$username\"");
     $email_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_email_check);
     $username_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_username_check);

    to ...

    $sql_email_check = mysql_query("SELECT email_address FROM users WHERE email_address='{$email_address}'") or die('Error with email check : ' . mysql_errno() . ':' . mysql_error());
    $sql_username_check = mysql_query("SELECT username FROM users WHERE username='{$username}'") or die('Error with username check : ' . mysql_errno() . ':' . mysql_error());
    $email_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_email_check);
    $username_check = mysql_num_rows($sql_username_check);

    I would also construct the SQL statements separately to the the mysql_query() so you can use an echo $s_sql_statement; to see exactly what is being used.

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    Thanks for that, i actually found the problem, it was in the listing.php file.
    But now i have a new problem, it appears to be sending the email, but i never recieve it, therefore customers cannot activate their account.
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    What server are you on?

    Does the mail() return true or false?
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Ah. I noticed the *ix style paths.


    Still check the true/false.

    Have you used this server to send emails before sucessfully?

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    I have a dedicated server running plesk on linux, i have an email service running on this server for my customers, so yes the email function works for this server, but not sure about this particular domain.  

    How can i check the mail() function, just put up a php info page?

    Also what is *ix paths?

    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    $b_mail_sent = mail(...);

    echo $b_mail_sent ? 'Email sent OK' : 'Problem sending email';

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    is this correct?

    $b_mail_sent = mail("");

    echo $b_mail_sent ? 'Email sent OK' : 'Problem sending email';
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Mail requires 3 parameters.

    bool mail ( string to, string subject, string message [, string additional_headers [, string additional_parameters]] )


    The other 2 parameters are optional.

    So ...

    $b_mail_sent = mail('', 'A test message', 'This is a test message with a long line of text.');

    is right.

    Without the subject and message parts, the code will error.
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Is your smtp server running on the same physical computer as the webserver/php interpreter?

    The sendmail_form setting in the PHP.ini file is probably wrong.

    It would normally be a REAL email address.

    Take a look at ...


    for more info (the first one is still ongoing!)

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    mail is sending and recieving from email account in outlook express.  so it must be something with the script i think
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Have you changed the script to also send you a copy of the message?

    Also, try turning on all errors


    at the top of the script.

    NOTE: A lot of the suggestions are only for debugging the script. You can remove them when the script is working.

    Hopefully you are using a test environment and NOT the live server!!!! Which I think you are as your client is getting emails even though the script is clearly not working - very naughty - what happens if your script starts kicking out errors and emailling them!!!

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    Not as naughty as you think, the site is for my company, which i own.  If and when doing sites for customers i always use a testing account.

    You are going to be sick of me by the time i get this working!!

    define(db_host, "localhost");
    define(db_user, "admin");
    define(db_pass, "helpme");
    define(db_link, mysql_connect(db_host,db_user,db_pass));
    define(db_name, "listing");

    is this correct?

    it keeps telling me fatal error
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Fatal error what!!!!!


    Error Reporting 101.

    There are several types of "errors".

    Fatal errors - Your code useless and I'm not playing sort of thing.
    Warnings - Your code is still useless, but I think I can make a hash of it by trying to run it.
    Notices - Your code is not quite as useless as it once and this is a hint to make it even better.

    But the "type" of error is not the error!!!!

    So, fatal error what ...

    (P.S. I was grinning when I typed all that. Not an attack! Honest!!! <grin />)

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    not taken as one, u´ve been great, i know i sound like a newbie, but i can understand and alter almost any script, just been banging my head against a wall for a while with this one and keep forgetting to add the proper details.

    Fatal error: Call to undefined function: error_reportin() in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 1

    This script is from and i have checked there first for help but most of the posts are questions not answers.

    <?php error_reportin(E_ALL);
    define(db_host, "localhost");
    define(db_user, "admin");
    define(db_pass, "helpme");
    define(db_link, mysql_connect(db_host,db_user,db_pass));
    define(db_name, "listing");
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    Eek! How do I make this text blush!



    I missed a g


    And there I was being all cocky!! Ha ha! Hubris is a great thing.


    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    i have checked all the settings on the server and opened up all the relays.  But the pop account is working in OE sending and recieving so i don´t think the prob is with the server

    The script says that it has sent the email and it adds the record to the DB but the email never seems to get there and i´ve tried 3 different emails.
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment


    In your php.ini file, what is the setting of sendmail_from. Is it a valid account on the email server?


    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    lol, no prob, this is what i get now

    Notice: Use of undefined constant db_host - assumed 'db_host' in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 2

    Notice: Use of undefined constant db_user - assumed 'db_user' in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 3

    Notice: Use of undefined constant db_pass - assumed 'db_pass' in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 4

    Notice: Use of undefined constant db_link - assumed 'db_link' in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 5

    Notice: Use of undefined constant db_name - assumed 'db_name' in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 6

    Notice: Undefined variable: pass in /home/httpd/vhosts/ on line 85
    Your membership information has been mailed to your email address! Please check it and follow the directions!
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    define('db_host', "localhost");
    define('db_user', "admin");
    define('db_pass', "helpme");
    define('db_link', mysql_connect(db_host,db_user,db_pass));
    define('db_name', "listing");
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    function makeRandomPassword() {
      $salt = "abchefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyz0123456789";


    function makeRandomPassword() {
      $salt = "abchefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyz0123456789";
      $pass = '';
    LVL 40

    Expert Comment

    And ...

    In your php.ini file, what is the setting of sendmail_from. Is it a valid account on the email server?

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    okay i officially hate computers, servers and scripts right now!! i can´t seem to access the php.ini file, it should be at /etc/php.ini but i can´t get to it.  I have a dedicated self managed plesk server, and the tech support won´t help unless i pay a stuipidly high fee.

    I don´t know how to get to the file to check the sendmail_from

    i usually use a cpanel server, but i´m supposed to have more access rights on this one!

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    Okay Okay,
    I finally got access to the php.ini file and changed the sendmail_from function to from the default.  And changed the register.php file as per your instructions just above.  
    Still same appears to be sending but no email ever gets there.
    Hope this is not fustrating you as much as it is me.
    LVL 20

    Expert Comment

    by:Muhammad Wasif
    mail($email_address, $subject, $message,  
            "From: MyDomain Webmaster<>\n
            X-Mailer: PHP/" . phpversion());


    mail($email_address, $subject, $message,  
            "From: MyDomain Webmaster<>\r\n
            X-Mailer: PHP/" . phpversion());

    note the difference of \r. I am not sure, but it could be the reason :-)


    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    Still no joy, i even changed the mail section to :
        // Let's mail the user!
    mail('', 'testing', 'testing',  
            "From: Tell Properties <>\r\n
            X-Mailer: PHP/" . phpversion());    
                echo 'Your membership information has been mailed to your email address!
        Please check it and follow the directions!';
    to see if it would go through, nada.

    This is my php.ini file can anyone see anything amiss?:

    ; WARNING ;
    ; This is the default settings file for new PHP installations.
    ; By default, PHP installs itself with a configuration suitable for
    ; development purposes, and *NOT* for production purposes.
    ; For several security-oriented considerations that should be taken
    ; before going online with your site, please consult php.ini-recommended
    ; and

    ; About this file ;
    ; This file controls many aspects of PHP's behavior.  In order for PHP to
    ; read it, it must be named 'php.ini'.  PHP looks for it in the current
    ; working directory, in the path designated by the environment variable
    ; PHPRC, and in the path that was defined in compile time (in that order).
    ; Under Windows, the compile-time path is the Windows directory.  The
    ; path in which the php.ini file is looked for can be overridden using
    ; the -c argument in command line mode.
    ; The syntax of the file is extremely simple.  Whitespace and Lines
    ; beginning with a semicolon are silently ignored (as you probably guessed).
    ; Section headers (e.g. [Foo]) are also silently ignored, even though
    ; they might mean something in the future.
    ; Directives are specified using the following syntax:
    ; directive = value
    ; Directive names are *case sensitive* - foo=bar is different from FOO=bar.
    ; The value can be a string, a number, a PHP constant (e.g. E_ALL or M_PI), one
    ; of the INI constants (On, Off, True, False, Yes, No and None) or an expression
    ; (e.g. E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE), or a quoted string ("foo").
    ; Expressions in the INI file are limited to bitwise operators and parentheses:
    ; |        bitwise OR
    ; &        bitwise AND
    ; ~        bitwise NOT
    ; !        boolean NOT
    ; Boolean flags can be turned on using the values 1, On, True or Yes.
    ; They can be turned off using the values 0, Off, False or No.
    ; An empty string can be denoted by simply not writing anything after the equal
    ; sign, or by using the None keyword:
    ;  foo =         ; sets foo to an empty string
    ;  foo = none    ; sets foo to an empty string
    ;  foo = "none"  ; sets foo to the string 'none'
    ; If you use constants in your value, and these constants belong to a
    ; dynamically loaded extension (either a PHP extension or a Zend extension),
    ; you may only use these constants *after* the line that loads the extension.
    ; All the values in the php.ini-dist file correspond to the builtin
    ; defaults (that is, if no php.ini is used, or if you delete these lines,
    ; the builtin defaults will be identical).

    ; Language Options ;

    ; Enable the PHP scripting language engine under Apache.
    engine = On

    ; Allow the <? tag.  Otherwise, only <?php and <script> tags are recognized.  
    ; NOTE: Using short tags should be avoided when developing applications or
    ; libraries that are meant for redistribution, or deployment on PHP
    ; servers which are not under your control, because short tags may not
    ; be supported on the target server. For portable, redistributable code,
    ; be sure not to use short tags.
    short_open_tag = On

    ; Allow ASP-style <% %> tags.
    asp_tags = Off

    ; The number of significant digits displayed in floating point numbers.
    precision    =  14

    ; Enforce year 2000 compliance (will cause problems with non-compliant browsers)
    y2k_compliance = On

    ; Output buffering allows you to send header lines (including cookies) even
    ; after you send body content, at the price of slowing PHP's output layer a
    ; bit.  You can enable output buffering during runtime by calling the output
    ; buffering functions.  You can also enable output buffering for all files by
    ; setting this directive to On.  If you wish to limit the size of the buffer
    ; to a certain size - you can use a maximum number of bytes instead of 'On', as
    ; a value for this directive (e.g., output_buffering=4096).
    output_buffering = Off

    ; You can redirect all of the output of your scripts to a function.  For
    ; example, if you set output_handler to "mb_output_handler", character
    ; encoding will be transparently converted to the specified encoding.
    ; Setting any output handler automatically turns on output buffering.
    ; Note: People who wrote portable scripts should not depend on this ini
    ;       directive. Instead, explicitly set the output handler using ob_start().
    ;       Using this ini directive may cause problems unless you know what script
    ;       is doing.
    ; Note: You cannot use both "mb_output_handler" with "ob_iconv_handler"
    ;       and you cannot use both "ob_gzhandler" and "zlib.output_compression".
    ;output_handler =

    ; Transparent output compression using the zlib library
    ; Valid values for this option are 'off', 'on', or a specific buffer size
    ; to be used for compression (default is 4KB)
    ; Note: Resulting chunk size may vary due to nature of compression. PHP
    ;       outputs chunks that are few hundreds bytes each as a result of
    ;       compression. If you prefer a larger chunk size for better
    ;       performance, enable output_buffering in addition.
    ; Note: You need to use zlib.output_handler instead of the standard
    ;       output_handler, or otherwise the output will be corrupted.
    zlib.output_compression = Off

    ; You cannot specify additional output handlers if zlib.output_compression
    ; is activated here. This setting does the same as output_handler but in
    ; a different order.
    ;zlib.output_handler =

    ; Implicit flush tells PHP to tell the output layer to flush itself
    ; automatically after every output block.  This is equivalent to calling the
    ; PHP function flush() after each and every call to print() or echo() and each
    ; and every HTML block.  Turning this option on has serious performance
    ; implications and is generally recommended for debugging purposes only.
    implicit_flush = Off

    ; The unserialize callback function will called (with the undefind class'
    ; name as parameter), if the unserializer finds an undefined class
    ; which should be instanciated.
    ; A warning appears if the specified function is not defined, or if the
    ; function doesn't include/implement the missing class.
    ; So only set this entry, if you really want to implement such a
    ; callback-function.

    ; When floats & doubles are serialized store serialize_precision significant
    ; digits after the floating point. The default value ensures that when floats
    ; are decoded with unserialize, the data will remain the same.
    serialize_precision = 100

    ; Whether to enable the ability to force arguments to be passed by reference
    ; at function call time.  This method is deprecated and is likely to be
    ; unsupported in future versions of PHP/Zend.  The encouraged method of
    ; specifying which arguments should be passed by reference is in the function
    ; declaration.  You're encouraged to try and turn this option Off and make
    ; sure your scripts work properly with it in order to ensure they will work
    ; with future versions of the language (you will receive a warning each time
    ; you use this feature, and the argument will be passed by value instead of by
    ; reference).
    allow_call_time_pass_reference = On

    ; Safe Mode
    safe_mode = Off

    ; By default, Safe Mode does a UID compare check when
    ; opening files. If you want to relax this to a GID compare,
    ; then turn on safe_mode_gid.
    safe_mode_gid = Off

    ; When safe_mode is on, UID/GID checks are bypassed when
    ; including files from this directory and its subdirectories.
    ; (directory must also be in include_path or full path must
    ; be used when including)
    safe_mode_include_dir =                                                

    ; When safe_mode is on, only executables located in the safe_mode_exec_dir
    ; will be allowed to be executed via the exec family of functions.
    safe_mode_exec_dir =

    ; Setting certain environment variables may be a potential security breach.
    ; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of prefixes.  In Safe Mode,
    ; the user may only alter environment variables whose names begin with the
    ; prefixes supplied here.  By default, users will only be able to set
    ; environment variables that begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR).
    ; Note:  If this directive is empty, PHP will let the user modify ANY
    ; environment variable!
    safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_

    ; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of environment variables that
    ; the end user won't be able to change using putenv().  These variables will be
    ; protected even if safe_mode_allowed_env_vars is set to allow to change them.
    safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH

    ; open_basedir, if set, limits all file operations to the defined directory
    ; and below.  This directive makes most sense if used in a per-directory
    ; or per-virtualhost web server configuration file. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    ;open_basedir =

    ; This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    disable_functions =

    ; This directive allows you to disable certain classes for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of class names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    disable_classes =

    ; Colors for Syntax Highlighting mode.  Anything that's acceptable in
    ; <font color="??????"> would work.
    ;highlight.string  = #DD0000
    ;highlight.comment = #FF9900
    ;highlight.keyword = #007700
    ;      = #FFFFFF
    ;highlight.default = #0000BB
    ;highlight.html    = #000000

    ; Misc
    ; Decides whether PHP may expose the fact that it is installed on the server
    ; (e.g. by adding its signature to the Web server header).  It is no security
    ; threat in any way, but it makes it possible to determine whether you use PHP
    ; on your server or not.
    expose_php = On

    ; Resource Limits ;

    max_execution_time = 30     ; Maximum execution time of each script, in seconds
    max_input_time = 60      ; Maximum amount of time each script may spend parsing request data
    memory_limit = 8M      ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)

    ; Error handling and logging ;

    ; error_reporting is a bit-field.  Or each number up to get desired error
    ; reporting level
    ; E_ALL             - All errors and warnings
    ; E_ERROR           - fatal run-time errors
    ; E_WARNING         - run-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
    ; E_PARSE           - compile-time parse errors
    ; E_NOTICE          - run-time notices (these are warnings which often result
    ;                     from a bug in your code, but it's possible that it was
    ;                     intentional (e.g., using an uninitialized variable and
    ;                     relying on the fact it's automatically initialized to an
    ;                     empty string)
    ; E_CORE_ERROR      - fatal errors that occur during PHP's initial startup
    ; E_CORE_WARNING    - warnings (non-fatal errors) that occur during PHP's
    ;                     initial startup
    ; E_COMPILE_ERROR   - fatal compile-time errors
    ; E_COMPILE_WARNING - compile-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
    ; E_USER_ERROR      - user-generated error message
    ; E_USER_WARNING    - user-generated warning message
    ; E_USER_NOTICE     - user-generated notice message
    ; Examples:
    ;   - Show all errors, except for notices
    ;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE
    ;   - Show only errors
    ;error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR
    ;   - Show all errors except for notices
    error_reporting  =  E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE

    ; Print out errors (as a part of the output).  For production web sites,
    ; you're strongly encouraged to turn this feature off, and use error logging
    ; instead (see below).  Keeping display_errors enabled on a production web site
    ; may reveal security information to end users, such as file paths on your Web
    ; server, your database schema or other information.
    display_errors = On

    ; Even when display_errors is on, errors that occur during PHP's startup
    ; sequence are not displayed.  It's strongly recommended to keep
    ; display_startup_errors off, except for when debugging.
    display_startup_errors = Off

    ; Log errors into a log file (server-specific log, stderr, or error_log (below))
    ; As stated above, you're strongly advised to use error logging in place of
    ; error displaying on production web sites.
    log_errors = Off

    ; Set maximum length of log_errors. In error_log information about the source is
    ; added. The default is 1024 and 0 allows to not apply any maximum length at all.
    log_errors_max_len = 1024

    ; Do not log repeated messages. Repeated errors must occur in same file on same
    ; line until ignore_repeated_source is set true.
    ignore_repeated_errors = Off

    ; Ignore source of message when ignoring repeated messages. When this setting
    ; is On you will not log errors with repeated messages from different files or
    ; sourcelines.
    ignore_repeated_source = Off

    ; If this parameter is set to Off, then memory leaks will not be shown (on
    ; stdout or in the log). This has only effect in a debug compile, and if
    ; error reporting includes E_WARNING in the allowed list
    report_memleaks = On

    ; Store the last error/warning message in $php_errormsg (boolean).
    track_errors = Off

    ; Disable the inclusion of HTML tags in error messages.
    ;html_errors = Off
    ; If html_errors is set On PHP produces clickable error messages that direct
    ; to a page describing the error or function causing the error in detail.
    ; You can download a copy of the PHP manual from
    ; and change docref_root to the base URL of your local copy including the
    ; leading '/'. You must also specify the file extension being used including
    ; the dot.
    ;docref_root = "/phpmanual/"
    ;docref_ext = .html
    ; String to output before an error message.
    ;error_prepend_string = "<font color=ff0000>"

    ; String to output after an error message.
    ;error_append_string = "</font>"

    ; Log errors to specified file.
    ;error_log = filename

    ; Log errors to syslog (Event Log on NT, not valid in Windows 95).
    ;error_log = syslog

    ; Data Handling ;
    ; Note - track_vars is ALWAYS enabled as of PHP 4.0.3

    ; The separator used in PHP generated URLs to separate arguments.
    ; Default is "&".
    ;arg_separator.output = "&amp;"

    ; List of separator(s) used by PHP to parse input URLs into variables.
    ; Default is "&".
    ; NOTE: Every character in this directive is considered as separator!
    ;arg_separator.input = ";&"

    ; This directive describes the order in which PHP registers GET, POST, Cookie,
    ; Environment and Built-in variables (G, P, C, E & S respectively, often
    ; referred to as EGPCS or GPC).  Registration is done from left to right, newer
    ; values override older values.
    variables_order = "EGPCS"

    ; Whether or not to register the EGPCS variables as global variables.  You may
    ; want to turn this off if you don't want to clutter your scripts' global scope
    ; with user data.  This makes most sense when coupled with track_vars - in which
    ; case you can access all of the GPC variables through the $HTTP_*_VARS[],
    ; variables.
    ; You should do your best to write your scripts so that they do not require
    ; register_globals to be on;  Using form variables as globals can easily lead
    ; to possible security problems, if the code is not very well thought of.
    register_globals = On

    ; This directive tells PHP whether to declare the argv&argc variables (that
    ; would contain the GET information).  If you don't use these variables, you
    ; should turn it off for increased performance.
    register_argc_argv = On

    ; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
    post_max_size = 8M

    ; This directive is deprecated.  Use variables_order instead.
    gpc_order = "GPC"

    ; Magic quotes

    ; Magic quotes for incoming GET/POST/Cookie data.
    magic_quotes_gpc = On

    ; Magic quotes for runtime-generated data, e.g. data from SQL, from exec(), etc.
    magic_quotes_runtime = Off    

    ; Use Sybase-style magic quotes (escape ' with '' instead of \').
    magic_quotes_sybase = Off

    ; Automatically add files before or after any PHP document.
    auto_prepend_file =
    auto_append_file =

    ; As of 4.0b4, PHP always outputs a character encoding by default in
    ; the Content-type: header.  To disable sending of the charset, simply
    ; set it to be empty.
    ; PHP's built-in default is text/html
    default_mimetype = "text/html"
    ;default_charset = "iso-8859-1"

    ; Always populate the $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA variable.
    ;always_populate_raw_post_data = On

    ; Paths and Directories ;

    ; UNIX: "/path1:/path2"  
    ;include_path = ".:/php/includes"
    ; Windows: "\path1;\path2"
    ;include_path = ".;c:\php\includes"

    ; The root of the PHP pages, used only if nonempty.
    ; if PHP was not compiled with FORCE_REDIRECT, you SHOULD set doc_root
    ; if you are running php as a CGI under any web server (other than IIS)
    ; see documentation for security issues.  The alternate is to use the
    ; cgi.force_redirect configuration below
    doc_root =

    ; The directory under which PHP opens the script using /~username used only
    ; if nonempty.
    user_dir =

    ; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.
    extension_dir = /usr/lib/php4

    ; Whether or not to enable the dl() function.  The dl() function does NOT work
    ; properly in multithreaded servers, such as IIS or Zeus, and is automatically
    ; disabled on them.
    enable_dl = On

    ; cgi.force_redirect is necessary to provide security running PHP as a CGI under
    ; most web servers.  Left undefined, PHP turns this on by default.  You can
    ; turn it off here AT YOUR OWN RISK
    ; **You CAN safely turn this off for IIS, in fact, you MUST.**
    ; cgi.force_redirect = 1

    ; if cgi.force_redirect is turned on, and you are not running under Apache or Netscape
    ; (iPlanet) web servers, you MAY need to set an environment variable name that PHP
    ; will look for to know it is OK to continue execution.  Setting this variable MAY
    ; cause security issues, KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING FIRST.
    ; cgi.redirect_status_env = ;

    ; cgi.fix_pathinfo provides *real* PATH_INFO/PATH_TRANSLATED support for CGI.  PHP's
    ; previous behaviour was to set PATH_TRANSLATED to SCRIPT_FILENAME, and to not grok
    ; what PATH_INFO is.  For more information on PATH_INFO, see the cgi specs.  Setting
    ; this to 1 will cause PHP CGI to fix it's paths to conform to the spec.  A setting
    ; of zero causes PHP to behave as before.  Default is zero.  You should fix your scripts
    ; to use SCRIPT_FILENAME rather than PATH_TRANSLATED.
    ; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

    ; FastCGI under IIS (on WINNT based OS) supports the ability to impersonate
    ; security tokens of the calling client.  This allows IIS to define the
    ; security context that the request runs under.  mod_fastcgi under Apache
    ; does not currently support this feature (03/17/2002)
    ; Set to 1 if running under IIS.  Default is zero.
    ; fastcgi.impersonate = 1;

    ; cgi.rfc2616_headers configuration option tells PHP what type of headers to
    ; use when sending HTTP response code. If it's set 0 PHP sends Status: header that
    ; is supported by Apache. When this option is set to 1 PHP will send
    ; RFC2616 compliant header.
    ; Set to 1 if running under IIS.  Default is zero.
    ;cgi.rfc2616_headers = 0

    ; File Uploads ;

    ; Whether to allow HTTP file uploads.
    file_uploads = On

    ; Temporary directory for HTTP uploaded files (will use system default if not
    ; specified).
    ;upload_tmp_dir =

    ; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
    upload_max_filesize = 2M

    ; Fopen wrappers ;

    ; Whether to allow the treatment of URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
    allow_url_fopen = On

    ; Define the anonymous ftp password (your email address)

    ; Define the User-Agent string
    ; user_agent="PHP"

    ; Default timeout for socket based streams (seconds)
    default_socket_timeout = 60

    ; If your scripts have to deal with files from Macintosh systems,
    ; or you are running on a Mac and need to deal with files from
    ; unix or win32 systems, setting this flag will cause PHP to
    ; automatically detect the EOL character in those files so that
    ; fgets() and file() will work regardless of the source of the file.
    ; auto_detect_line_endings = Off

    ; Dynamic Extensions ;
    ; If you wish to have an extension loaded automatically, use the following
    ; syntax:
    ;   extension=modulename.extension
    ; For example:
    ; Note that it should be the name of the module only; no directory information
    ; needs to go here.  Specify the location of the extension with the
    ; extension_dir directive above.

    ; Note: For Red Hat Linux, packaged extension modules are now loaded via
    ; the ini files in the directory /etc/php.d.

    ; Module Settings ;

    ; Whether or not to define the various syslog variables (e.g. $LOG_PID,
    ; $LOG_CRON, etc.).  Turning it off is a good idea performance-wise.  In
    ; runtime, you can define these variables by calling define_syslog_variables().
    define_syslog_variables  = Off

    [mail function]
    ; For Win32 only.
    SMTP = localhost

    ; For Win32 only.
    sendmail_from =

    ; For Unix only.  You may supply arguments as well (default: "sendmail -t -i").
    sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i

    ;java.class.path = .\php_java.jar
    ;java.home = c:\jdk
    ;java.library = c:\jdk\jre\bin\hotspot\jvm.dll
    ;java.library.path = .\

    sql.safe_mode = Off

    ;odbc.default_db    =  Not yet implemented
    ;odbc.default_user  =  Not yet implemented
    ;odbc.default_pw    =  Not yet implemented

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    odbc.allow_persistent = On

    ; Check that a connection is still valid before reuse.
    odbc.check_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    odbc.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    odbc.max_links = -1  

    ; Handling of LONG fields.  Returns number of bytes to variables.  0 means
    ; passthru.
    odbc.defaultlrl = 4096  

    ; Handling of binary data.  0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char.
    ; See the documentation on odbc_binmode and odbc_longreadlen for an explanation
    ; of uodbc.defaultlrl and uodbc.defaultbinmode
    odbc.defaultbinmode = 1  

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    mysql.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    mysql.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    mysql.max_links = -1

    ; Default port number for mysql_connect().  If unset, mysql_connect() will use
    ; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
    ; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order).  Win32 will only look
    ; at MYSQL_PORT.
    mysql.default_port =

    ; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
    ; MySQL defaults.
    mysql.default_socket =

    ; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysql.default_host =

    ; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysql.default_user =

    ; Default password for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
    ; *Any* user with PHP access can run 'echo get_cfg_var("mysql.default_password")
    ; and reveal this password!  And of course, any users with read access to this
    ; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
    mysql.default_password =

    ; Maximum time (in secondes) for connect timeout. -1 means no limimt
    mysql.connect_timeout = -1

    ; Trace mode. When trace_mode is active (=On), warnings for table/index scans and
    ; SQL-Erros will be displayed.
    mysql.trace_mode = Off

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    msql.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    msql.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    msql.max_links = -1

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    pgsql.allow_persistent = On

    ; Detect broken persistent links always with pg_pconnect(). Need a little overhead.
    pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    pgsql.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    pgsql.max_links = -1

    ; Ignore PostgreSQL backends Notice message or not.
    pgsql.ignore_notice = 0

    ; Log PostgreSQL backends Noitce message or not.
    ; Unless pgsql.ignore_notice=0, module cannot log notice message.
    pgsql.log_notice = 0

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    sybase.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    sybase.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    sybase.max_links = -1

    ;sybase.interface_file = "/usr/sybase/interfaces"

    ; Minimum error severity to display.
    sybase.min_error_severity = 10

    ; Minimum message severity to display.
    sybase.min_message_severity = 10

    ; Compatability mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
    ; If on, this will cause PHP to automatically assign types to results according
    ; to their Sybase type, instead of treating them all as strings.  This
    ; compatability mode will probably not stay around forever, so try applying
    ; whatever necessary changes to your code, and turn it off.
    sybase.compatability_mode = Off

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    sybct.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    sybct.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    sybct.max_links = -1

    ; Minimum server message severity to display.
    sybct.min_server_severity = 10

    ; Minimum client message severity to display.
    sybct.min_client_severity = 10

    ; returned column names can be converted for compatibility reasons
    ; possible values for dbx.colnames_case are
    ; "unchanged" (default, if not set)
    ; "lowercase"
    ; "uppercase"
    ; the recommended default is either upper- or lowercase, but
    ; unchanged is currently set for backwards compatibility
    dbx.colnames_case = "unchanged"

    ; Number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions.
    bcmath.scale = 0

    ;browscap = extra/browscap.ini

    ; Default host for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_host =

    ; Default user for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_user =

    ; Default password for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_password =

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    ifx.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    ifx.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    ifx.max_links = -1

    ; If on, select statements return the contents of a text blob instead of its id.
    ifx.textasvarchar = 0

    ; If on, select statements return the contents of a byte blob instead of its id.
    ifx.byteasvarchar = 0

    ; Trailing blanks are stripped from fixed-length char columns.  May help the
    ; life of Informix SE users.
    ifx.charasvarchar = 0

    ; If on, the contents of text and byte blobs are dumped to a file instead of
    ; keeping them in memory.
    ifx.blobinfile = 0

    ; NULL's are returned as empty strings, unless this is set to 1.  In that case,
    ; NULL's are returned as string 'NULL'.
    ifx.nullformat = 0

    ; Handler used to store/retrieve data.
    session.save_handler = files

    ; Argument passed to save_handler.  In the case of files, this is the path
    ; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this
    ; variable in order to use PHP's session functions.
    ; As of PHP 4.0.1, you can define the path as:
    ;     session.save_path = "N;/path"
    ; where N is an integer.  Instead of storing all the session files in
    ; /path, what this will do is use subdirectories N-levels deep, and
    ; store the session data in those directories.  This is useful if you
    ; or your OS have problems with lots of files in one directory, and is
    ; a more efficient layout for servers that handle lots of sessions.
    ; NOTE 1: PHP will not create this directory structure automatically.
    ;         You can use the script in the ext/session dir for that purpose.
    ; NOTE 2: See the section on garbage collection below if you choose to
    ;         use subdirectories for session storage
    session.save_path = /tmp

    ; Whether to use cookies.
    session.use_cookies = 1

    ; This option enables administrators to make their users invulnerable to
    ; attacks which involve passing session ids in URLs; defaults to 0.
    ; session.use_only_cookies = 1

    ; Name of the session (used as cookie name). = PHPSESSID

    ; Initialize session on request startup.
    session.auto_start = 0

    ; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.
    session.cookie_lifetime = 0

    ; The path for which the cookie is valid.
    session.cookie_path = /

    ; The domain for which the cookie is valid.
    session.cookie_domain =

    ; Handler used to serialize data.  php is the standard serializer of PHP.
    session.serialize_handler = php

    ; Define the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started
    ; on every session initialization.
    ; The probability is calculated by using gc_probability/gc_divisor,
    ; e.g. 1/100 means there is a 1% chance that the GC process starts
    ; on each request.

    session.gc_probability = 1
    session.gc_divisor     = 100

    ; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as 'garbage' and
    ; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.
    session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440

    ; NOTE: If you are using the subdirectory option for storing session files
    ;       (see session.save_path above), then garbage collection does *not*
    ;       happen automatically.  You will need to do your own garbage
    ;       collection through a shell script, cron entry, or some other method.
    ;       For example, the following script would is the equivalent of
    ;       setting session.gc_maxlifetime to 1440 (1440 seconds = 24 minutes):
    ;          cd /path/to/sessions; find -cmin +24 | xargs rm

    ; PHP 4.2 and less have an undocumented feature/bug that allows you to
    ; to initialize a session variable in the global scope, albeit register_globals
    ; is disabled.  PHP 4.3 and later will warn you, if this feature is used.
    ; You can disable the feature and the warning seperately. At this time,
    ; the warning is only displayed, if bug_compat_42 is enabled.

    session.bug_compat_42 = 1
    session.bug_compat_warn = 1

    ; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.
    ; HTTP_REFERER has to contain this substring for the session to be
    ; considered as valid.
    session.referer_check =

    ; How many bytes to read from the file.
    session.entropy_length = 0

    ; Specified here to create the session id.
    session.entropy_file =

    ;session.entropy_length = 16

    ;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom

    ; Set to {nocache,private,public,} to determine HTTP caching aspects
    ; or leave this empty to avoid sending anti-caching headers.
    session.cache_limiter = nocache

    ; Document expires after n minutes.
    session.cache_expire = 180

    ; trans sid support is disabled by default.
    ; Use of trans sid may risk your users security.
    ; Use this option with caution.
    ; - User may send URL contains active session ID
    ;   to other person via. email/irc/etc.
    ; - URL that contains active session ID may be stored
    ;   in publically accessible computer.
    ; - User may access your site with the same session ID
    ;   always using URL stored in browser's history or bookmarks.
    session.use_trans_sid = 0

    ; The URL rewriter will look for URLs in a defined set of HTML tags.
    ; form/fieldset are special; if you include them here, the rewriter will
    ; add a hidden <input> field with the info which is otherwise appended
    ; to URLs.  If you want XHTML conformity, remove the form entry.
    ; Note that all valid entries require a "=", even if no value follows.
    url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=,fieldset="

    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    mssql.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    mssql.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    mssql.max_links = -1

    ; Minimum error severity to display.
    mssql.min_error_severity = 10

    ; Minimum message severity to display.
    mssql.min_message_severity = 10

    ; Compatability mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
    mssql.compatability_mode = Off

    ; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
    ;mssql.textlimit = 4096

    ; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
    ;mssql.textsize = 4096

    ; Limits the number of records in each batch.  0 = all records in one batch.
    ;mssql.batchsize = 0

    ; Use NT authentication when connecting to the server
    mssql.secure_connection = Off

    ; Specify max number of processes. Default = 25
    ;mssql.max_procs = 25

    ; Assert(expr); active by default.
    ; = On

    ; Issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.
    ;assert.warning = On

    ; Don't bail out by default.
    ;assert.bail = Off

    ; User-function to be called if an assertion fails.
    ;assert.callback = 0

    ; Eval the expression with current error_reporting().  Set to true if you want
    ; error_reporting(0) around the eval().
    ;assert.quiet_eval = 0

    [Ingres II]
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    ingres.allow_persistent = On

    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    ingres.max_persistent = -1

    ; Maximum number of links, including persistents.  -1 means no limit.
    ingres.max_links = -1

    ; Default database (format: [node_id::]dbname[/srv_class]).
    ingres.default_database =

    ; Default user.
    ingres.default_user =

    ; Default password.
    ingres.default_password =

    [Verisign Payflow Pro]
    ; Default Payflow Pro server.
    pfpro.defaulthost = ""

    ; Default port to connect to.
    pfpro.defaultport = 443

    ; Default timeout in seconds.
    pfpro.defaulttimeout = 30

    ; Default proxy IP address (if required).
    ;pfpro.proxyaddress =

    ; Default proxy port.
    ;pfpro.proxyport =

    ; Default proxy logon.
    ;pfpro.proxylogon =

    ; Default proxy password.
    ;pfpro.proxypassword =

    ; Use the system read() function instead of the php_read() wrapper.
    sockets.use_system_read = On

    ; path to a file containing GUIDs, IIDs or filenames of files with TypeLibs
    ;com.typelib_file =
    ; allow Distributed-COM calls
    ;com.allow_dcom = true
    ; autoregister constants of a components typlib on com_load()
    ;com.autoregister_typelib = true
    ; register constants casesensitive
    ;com.autoregister_casesensitive = false
    ; show warnings on duplicate constat registrations
    ;com.autoregister_verbose = true

    ;printer.default_printer = ""

    ; language for internal character representation.
    ;mbstring.language = Japanese

    ; internal/script encoding.
    ; Some encoding cannot work as internal encoding.
    ; (e.g. SJIS, BIG5, ISO-2022-*)
    ;mbstring.internal_encoding = EUC-JP

    ; http input encoding.
    ;mbstring.http_input = auto

    ; http output encoding. mb_output_handler must be
    ; registered as output buffer to function
    ;mbstring.http_output = SJIS

    ; enable automatic encoding translation accoding to
    ; mbstring.internal_encoding setting. Input chars are
    ; converted to internal encoding by setting this to On.
    ; Note: Do _not_ use automatic encoding translation for
    ;       portable libs/applications.
    ;mbstring.encoding_translation = Off

    ; automatic encoding detection order.
    ; auto means
    ;mbstring.detect_order = auto

    ; substitute_character used when character cannot be converted
    ; one from another
    ;mbstring.substitute_character = none;

    ; overload(replace) single byte functions by mbstring functions.
    ; mail(), ereg(), etc are overloaded by mb_send_mail(), mb_ereg(),
    ; etc. Possible values are 0,1,2,4 or combination of them.
    ; For example, 7 for overload everything.
    ; 0: No overload
    ; 1: Overload mail() function
    ; 2: Overload str*() functions
    ; 4: Overload ereg*() functions
    ;mbstring.func_overload = 0

    ;fbsql.allow_persistent = On
    ;fbsql.autocommit = On
    ;fbsql.default_database =
    ;fbsql.default_database_password =
    ;fbsql.default_host =
    ;fbsql.default_password =
    ;fbsql.default_user = "_SYSTEM"
    ;fbsql.generate_warnings = Off
    ;fbsql.max_connections = 128
    ;fbsql.max_links = 128
    ;fbsql.max_persistent = -1
    ;fbsql.max_results = 128
    ;fbsql.batchSize = 1000

    ; Modify the setting below to match the directory location of the cracklib
    ; dictionary files.  Include the base filename, but not the file extension.
    ; crack.default_dictionary = "c:\php\lib\cracklib_dict"

    ; Exif UNICODE user comments are handled as UCS-2BE/UCS-2LE and JIS as JIS.
    ; With mbstring support this will automatically be converted into the encoding
    ; given by corresponding encode setting. When empty mbstring.internal_encoding
    ; is used. For the decode settings you can distinguish between motorola and
    ; intel byte order. A decode setting cannot be empty.
    ;exif.encode_unicode = ISO-8859-15
    ;exif.decode_unicode_motorola = UCS-2BE
    ;exif.decode_unicode_intel    = UCS-2LE
    ;exif.encode_jis =
    ;exif.decode_jis_motorola = JIS
    ;exif.decode_jis_intel    = JIS

    ; Local Variables:
    ; tab-width: 4
    ; End:

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    i have just checked my phpinfo file at and it still says that the sendmail_from is but i have changed the php.ini file as per above, it has it on master and local values.

    I even rebooted the server and still get the same thing

    Author Comment

    by:Karen Liddy
    Okay sorry forget my last, the php.ini file is correct and the phpinfo.php file is showing the correct variables now.

    But!! Now my mail check is not working properly.  Says that it has sent mail but nothing comes through, same as the register.php script.

    RedHat running Plesk using
    httpd 2.0.46-44.ent
    bind 9.2.4-1_EL3
    courier-imap 3.0.3-rhel3.build040723.13
    mailman 2.1.5-23
    mysql 3.23.58-2.3
    postgresql Component was not installed
    webalizer 2.01_10-15.ent
    php 4.3.2-19.ent
    mod_python 3.0.3-3.ent
    coldfusion Component was not installed
    psa-qmail 1.03-rhel3.build040723.13
    psa-proftpd 1.2.9-rhel3.build040723.13
    psa-logrotate 3.7-rhel3.build040723.13
    psa-spamassassin 7.0.4-rhel3.build040723.13
    tomcat4 4.1.24-full.2jpp
    mod_perl 1.99_09-10.ent
    apache2-mod_perl Component was not installed
    perl-Apache-ASP 2.49-35psa
    pop mail accounts work okay. send and recieve.
    LVL 13

    Expert Comment

    Maybe your ISP is blocking outgoing traffic on 25 - try this from your linux shell:

    echo "HELO" | telnet 25

    it should respond with '220'  - that's good.  If it doesn't connect at all that's bad.

    I just tried it from here and there was a very long delay  - is having major problems.  It responded 220 localhost.epms ESMTP \n 250 localhost.epms to me which is probably a bad sign - it looks like the FQDN (fully qualified domain name) was not setup properly in /etc/hosts, or the SMTP server cannot resolve it's own domain name because of some other problem.  This may be related to your mail sending problems if the server you are on is actually

    LVL 13

    Expert Comment

    Ok they are the same, you need to make sure '/etc/hosts' contains something like this:

    and since your server is also the authoritative DNS server for you should make sure that you have forward AND reverse entries setup for mail, www, and
    For more help on this you should post a new question / pointer in the appropriate Linux topic area.

    Also, try this command from the shell and see if you get a message:
    echo "Test Messgae" | mail -s "Test"
    LVL 40

    Accepted Solution

    <04/05/2006  9:30:31 C:\>nslookup -q=mx
    Server:  master_server.bandvulc

    Non-authoritative answer:      MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = internet address =


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