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PIX NONAT Questions

Posted on 2006-05-05
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Last Modified: 2013-11-16
Pros:

I am a bit fuzzy on a few different topics regarding the management of our PIX.  Originally it was setup by a contractor and I am just hoping to better understand the logic behind the config.

We have three interfaces:  Inside, Outside, and DMZ
We have a Client VPN.
VPN Group IP Pool: 192.168.2.1 – 192.168.2.2
DMZ network: 172.16.4 .0 255.255.254.0 “addresses have been changed for example”
VPN network: 192.168.2.0
Internal network: 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0

Config:

1. access-list NONAT permit ip 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0 172.22.4.0 255.255.254.0
2. access-list NONAT permit ip host 172.16.2.60 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0
3. access-list NONAT-DMZ permit ip 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0
4. access-list NONAT-DMZ permit ip 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0 172.16.4.0 255.255.254.0
5. global (outside) 1 interface
6. nat (inside) 0 access-list NONAT
7. nat (inside) 1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 0
8. nat (DMZ) 0 access-list NONAT-DMZ
9. nat (DMZ) 1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 0

Questions:

1.      My understanding is that 6. above tells all inside addresses to use PAT to go outside using the global address “interface”?
2.      Then 8. would indicate all DMZ traffic as well to use PAT?
3.      What is the importance of 7. and 9. ?
4.      I also am fuzzy on the access-list what are they doing?  It would appear that NONAT lets DMZ and VPN traffic access the inside addresses.
5.      NONAT-DMZ seems the same?
6.      I was also trying to setup the VPN client to only access 172.16.2.60 on the internal network and line 2. seems to have achieved this, but I am not sure it is the best method?  I see that line 3. allows the VPN network to the entire internal network, but I access anything other than the single address which is good.

Any assistance is greatly appreciated.

-J
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Question by:strangej
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Cyclops3590 earned 500 total points
ID: 16615893
1) line 6 says that any traffic from inside to network 172.22.4.0 255.255.254.0 or from host 172.16.2.60 to VPN network should skip any NAT translations
2) line 8 is saying to skip NAT translations on traffic from the inside to the VPN and DMZ networks
3) line 7 and 9 work in conjunction with line 5.  basically any IP on the inside interface will be PAT'd to the outside interface address.  same for the dmz hosts
4) the nonat is applied to nat (<interface>) 0 command which means skip any translations and don't change the source ip on the packet
5) look at 4
6) you are right for the NONAT acl, but the NONAT-DMZ is a different acl, did you add those acls or someone else?
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Author Comment

by:strangej
ID: 16616002
NONAT-DMZ was added by someone else.  There are a few things in the config like that, that I wonder should it really be there.

Thanks,

-J
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by:Cyclops3590
ID: 16616212
depends on the rest of the config, what that looks like
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Author Comment

by:strangej
ID: 16616525
Going back to your answer 4):

If I am understanding correct this is stating don't change the source IP from anything on the inside to the 172.22.4.0 network (I typed this wrong it should have said 172.16.4.0 network DMZ), and if I had different networks inside such as 172.22.6.0 then those would be pat'd and the source IP changed to the global (outside) 1 interface?   I would imagine this is done for the inside network to create ACL's in the DMZ access-list for granularity?

Thanks again!

-J
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Expert Comment

by:Cyclops3590
ID: 16616616
>if I had different networks inside such as 172.22.6.0 then those would be pat'd and the source IP changed to the global (outside) 1 interface?
yes, but not necessarily to the outside interface, going from inside to dmz could PAT the source IP/port combo to the DMZ interface of the firewall as well.

normally i would say you shouldn't NAT/PAT between non-public interfaces.  gives you more control over your network and logging ability.  for instance, your email server is in your dmz, you want to see what IP a certain user is checking his/her email from (why? who knows, just an example) however if there is a PAT going on, then you'll only ever see the dmz interface IP of the firewall instead of the IP of the host on the inside.

my firewall at work is configured to PAT my hosts from inside to DMZ because I had someone configure the firewall before I was able to learn the PIX OS myself.  so when I ssh into my servers on my dmz, all i see is my dmz interface ip so if someone else is trying to ssh into the servers, I won't know who (obviously I'm going to change this, but its working for now so I'm not touching it)

normally you'd want something like this in  your config
static (inside, dmz) 172.16.2.0 255.255.255.0 172.162.2.0 255.255.255.0
static (dmz, inside) 172.16.4.0 255.255.255.0 172.162.4.0 255.255.255.0

the first one makes it so any client on the inside going to a host on the dmz will essentially keep its IP thru the firewall, and line 2 does the same for dmz to inside host traffic.  this way you know the true IP of the host
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