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Tarball specific file extensions in all directories (recursive)

Posted on 2006-05-07
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Last Modified: 2008-01-09
I want to tarball into a gz file all files with the following extensions:
php, php3, html, shtml

I want it to recursively search through all subdirectories and place all of the files into a single tarball and maintain the directory structure (I essentially want to download an entire directory withOUT jpgs, gifs, etc).  When it creates the tarball I want it to leave the original files intact.
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Question by:djs120
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LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:yuzh
ID: 16627398
You can put all athe file name into a list, and then create the tarball, eg:

   find . -type f -name "*.php*" -o -name "*.*html" >/tmp/mylist

   tar cvf /path-to/tarball.tar `cat /tmp/mylist`
   gzip /path-to/tarball.tar

   if you have GNU tar, you can do:

   tar -zcvf /path-to/tarball.tar.gz `cat /tmp/mylist`

   PS: if you want to serach the whole system, replace . with /, or " cd / " then "find"

         if the list is too long, tar in some version of OS (eg SCO), might have
trouble to handle it, in that case, you can use "cpio" instead of tar, eg:

        cat tmp/mylist | cpio -oacv >/path-to/mybackup.cpio
man cpio
to learn more details
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yuzh earned 2000 total points
ID: 16627620
you don't need to use tmp file, you can also do:

    find . -type f -name "*.php*" -o -name "*.*html" | cpio -oacv >/path-to/mybackup.cpio

    or:
    GNU tar:
    tar -zcvf /path-to/tarball.tar.gz `find . -type f -name "*.php*" -o -name "*.*html"`
   
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by:djs120
ID: 16629937
I tried your last suggestion and I get this error:

# tar -z cvf /root/full_backup.tar.gz `find . -type f -name "*.php*" -o -name "*.*html" -o -name "*.gz" -o -name "*.css" -o -name "*.js"`
tar: You must specify one of the `-Acdtrux' options
Try `tar --help' for more information.
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LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:yuzh
ID: 16631090
As mentioned in my first coment, only GNU tar support -z option, Linux ship with GNU tar by default, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX and SCO does not.

If the list in not too long, you can do:

tar -cvf /path-to/tarball.tar  `find . -type f -name "*.php*" -o -name "*.*html"`
   
and then do:

gzip /path-to/tarball.tar  

Thanks for the points and good night!
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