I was having trouble understanding what a Masquerade Domain setting in Exchange 2003 was for because the help file explanation was very short. After a good hard search on the net I’ve found a LOT of confusion between what Masquerading Domain means and what the actual setting in exchange 2003 really DOES. The setting in exchange 2003 does NOT do what it sounds like. The true “masquerading domain” is really done on the setting right below that (Fully-qualified Domain Name field).
Here is what I came up with:
-From the Exchange 2003 internal Help File for "Masquerade Domain" field:
Use this text box to type an alternate domain for other SMTP servers to use when sending non-delivery reports (NDRs). NDRs will be returned to the alternate domain specified, instead of the domain from which the e-mail message originated.
-From the Exchange 2003 internal Help File for “Fully-Qualified Domain Name” field:
Use this text box to type the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the virtual server. You can specify a FQDN other than the one used by this computer.
-From Microsoft: (http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;314331&sd=tech
Note: The SUMMARY says: “A masquerade domain replaces the local domain name in any Mail From lines in the message header.”
This definition is correct, but what the actual SETTING does is different!!! The “fully-qualified domain name” box does that. Later in the article, it says: “in the Masquerade Domain box, type the domain name that should receive any nondelivery reports.” And then “If you want to override the default FQDN, type a new value in the Fully-qualified Domain Name box, and then click Check DNS to ensure that you have entered the correct value and that DNS resolution is configured properly.”
-From the book Sybex Exchange Server 2003:
A masquerade domain is an alternate domain to which other SMTP hosts send their nondelivery reports.
The problem is “Masquerade Domain” definition means one thing, but the actual setting in Exchange 2003 is really for something else. I can’t believe how badly labeled that field is.
On another note, you should really have your REVERSE DNS FQDN in the “Fully-qualified Domain Name box” and make sure your mx record IP address gets reverse-dns’ed to that FQDN. This is really for any mail server that is checking Reverse DNS info to make sure you are not a possible spammer and have that you have the correct entries.
Why would someone even USE the "Masquerade Domain" Field in exchange 2003 in the first place? I can’t figure out the benefit.
Am I correct in coming up with these conclusions?
- Ginel Lipan