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Linux newbie

Well, finally, I have made my mind and have really decided to learn Linux. I am installing Linux XP on a Virtual PC on my laptop at the moment. And, there are lots of unanswered questions in my mind...

1) Are these statements correct? "There are different OS cores made by different groups or organizations. They are called Distros (like Fedora and SuSE.) These cores do not include a GUI. There are different GUIs or Desktops for Linux too (like KDE.)"

2) What is the standard executable format in Linux. Or are file formats used in Linux in general?

3) Do all Distros/Desktops offer an install/uninstall tool as well? I think SuSE has something named YART which does this with a GUI (not sure if I can remember everything) Is it becuase SuSE has it in its core, or is it becuase KDE has it?

166 points for each question, to be fair.
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huji
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huji
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2 Solutions
 
xDamoxCommented:
Hi,

1) Yes they are called distrobutions, The distrobutions do include Windows managers which, mean you can run KDE or GNOME the two distrobution you said Fedora and SuSE both are shipped with KDE and GNOME for you to install.

2) There is no standard excutable for Linux, you have to check the file permissions for execute permission but there are some
extentions that are executable .sh .bin .pl .cgi etc

3) Yes all disrobutions have there own package manager Fedora uses YUM and PUP, slackware uses pkgtools, gentoo uses emerge
SuSE uses YAST as you said.
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slyongCommented:
Hi huji,

1) Distros and built by different groups or organizations.  They put together commonly used tools (shells, compilers, etc) and applications (office packages, etc) so that end users can have a good experience rather then the users has to learn how to get all the tools and applications that they want.  Fedora, SuSE, etc does contain GUI like KDE, GNOME, etc.  So the first statement is not true.

2) Older Linux systems uses a.out but the newer Linux systems uses ELF executable format.

3) Most Distros offer install/uninstall tools.  The tools like YART is by SuSE and not KDE.
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hujiAuthor Commented:
Thanks a lot. I'll be asking more in minutes!
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hujiAuthor Commented:
Something: Why doesn't YAST work in other distributions? And what is X-Windows?
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hujiAuthor Commented:
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slyongCommented:
Hi huji,

YAST is mainly used on SuSE.  There are some effort to make it work on Fedora, etc.  However, due to the different concept and background, it is kind of hard to implement that.  On Fedora, there is a similar tool call yum or up2date which will help you install/uninstall.  On Debian, there is apt.

X-Windows is a display server for GUI.  X-Windows doesn't give you tools like KDE, GNOME, however, it is the basic framework of GUI display for Unix/Linux.  For example, if you want to create a frame for a windows, you can tell X-Windows to do it for you instead of doing all the programming.  KDE and GNOME then uses the basic framework and provide more functionality like a task bar, desktop, etc.
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hujiAuthor Commented:
So KDE and GNOME are based on X-Windows?
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slyongCommented:
To be more accurate, KDE and GNOME are Desktop Manager that make use of the services provided by X-Windows.
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hujiAuthor Commented:
Thanks
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