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WINS/LMHOSTS query

Posted on 2006-06-09
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Last Modified: 2010-03-19
Ok I have marked this as 500 points as this might take a bit of effort to answer. It isn't urgent however.

As I understand it WINS is used to translate Netbios names (friendly names) to IP addresses. So when someone looks for Printer01 in a search WINS will look it up for them. Correct?

Lmhosts files are text files which can contain this information in it so the WINS server can look up the names in it. (Enable LMHOSTS Lookup check box) is that correct?

Where do Host files come in to the equation?
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Question by:btglobal
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mass2612 earned 500 total points
ID: 16869491
Yes. You are correct WINS is a service that provides NetBIOS name to IP address resolution.

The LMHOSTS file is an older technology for providing the NetBIOS to IP resolution which was replaced by WINS due to the complexity in maintaing LMHOSTS files manually. The LMHOSTS file is a text file that contains mappings of NetBIOS names to IP addresses. When a system has the enabled LMHOSTS checkbox allows the system to look to the local LMHOSTS file for NetBIOS resolution. NetBIOS, WINS and LMHOSTS was a mainly MS based name resolution solution.

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/archive/winntas/maintain/optimize/15wntpca.mspx?mfr=true

Hosts file was designed to provide domain and hostname resolution to IP addresses and is the beginning of DNS. It too is a text file that contains mappings from domain and hostnames to IP addresses. Due to the expansion of the Internet the management of host files became impossible and there the hierarchial architecture of DNS has replaced it.  Hosts files and DNS were more generic forms of name resolution and are supported on multiple platforms.

http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/tutorials/tutorial51.html
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