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Rewrite envelope recipient for non-local mail

Posted on 2006-06-16
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2013-12-17
This seems like it should be an easy question, but I've been looking for a while and haven't had much luck.

I'd like to rewrite the recipient for particular addresses (not domain-wide) that goes through my sendmail box.  Basically, I want the same type of functionality that aliases provides but for non-local accounts.  Is it possible to do this?  If so, what do I need to do to get it set up.

For example, the machine is a relay for the domain  I want any email sent to that goes through that box to end up at  But, I want it specific for just email sent to should go through as normal.

I've got this entry in virtusertable:

And it has no effect, I'm guessing because is an entry in relay-domain and in mailertable.  I don't want to (and can't) use virtusertable to map the entire domain to something else to get rid of the relay entry:  to

Because the end box (an Exchange 5.5 box internal to our network) isn't set up to handle addressing that way and that isn't open to change for the minor problem of forwarding email for a few users.  The Exchange box also answers the question why I don't simply add an alias on the local server to forward the mail once it ultimately gets home--  Exchange doesn't support aliases.
Question by:clockwatcher
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LVL 34

Expert Comment

ID: 16924754
You probably need to use the genericstable functionality. See this PAQ -->
LVL 25

Author Comment

ID: 16925304
I looked into it earlier and everything I found regarding it (including the link you posted) seems to indicate it rewrites the from (sender).  I need to rewrite the recipient.   Does it work for either?
LVL 34

Assisted Solution

PsiCop earned 1000 total points
ID: 16926761
Whoops! Misread your Question.

Aliases doesn't work because the aliases table is not consulted for non-local E-Mail. Only virtusertable and mailertable are consulted, in that order.

Virtusertable is the solution. I'm not sure why it's not working for you. You do have a virtuserdomains file, right? Similar to genericstable, if a Domain is not listed in the virtuserdomain file, then virtusertable won't be consulted for E-Mail headed to that Domain.
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Accepted Solution

anfi earned 1000 total points
ID: 16926951
Virtusertable works only for local email domains ($=w) and domains listed in $={VirtHost}
Mailertable DOES NOT work for local email domains ($=w).

To make your virtusetrtable work add to $={VirtHost} list of domains.

1) Add the following lines to your *.mc file:


2) create /etc/mail/virtual-domains with the following content offers custom macros for manipulating $={VirtHost} but read about side effects before deploying them.
LVL 25

Author Comment

ID: 16927147

But, isn't local (virtual or not) and I don't want it to be.   I need the email to be relayed on to the real server and I can't rewrite it to something like because the box that's downstream can't be modified (not under my control) to accept addresses like that.
LVL 25

Author Comment

ID: 16927163

This box is a MailScanner.  It sits outside our firewall, intercepts and then forwards email destined for our real server (an exchange box) to it.  The MX record for our domain points to it.  It then uses mailertable with a forced IP to relay the email into our real box.

--------------    smtp:[aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd]

I don't believe I can set up a virtual domain because I need the email forwarded on with the domain name left untouched to the home server.   Can someone explain how I can get that to work with virtusertable?

It really looks like it'd be easy to add with a custom rewrite LOCAL_RULE_0 but I'm not sure if I really want to mess with raw rewrite rules.
LVL 25

Author Comment

ID: 16927195
I'm probably just misunderstanding it and I can add an entry for to virtual-domain and be fine.  But, before I do that I just want to be 100% sure that will still end up being handled by mailertable.  We get a lot of email and I don't have a test box to play with this... I'd prefer not to get chewed a new one for bringing down the mail system for our entire company (even for the fifteen minutes or so it takes to test it) just to forward email for a few pain in the ass users (no matter how important they are).
LVL 25

Author Comment

ID: 16927822
Okay... I registered a test domain to run through that server and added a VIRTUAL_DOMAIN macro to my config file.  Everything's working great.   The addresses I don't have in virtusertable get relayed correctly and the ones I do have in there get forwarded over to gmail.

For whatever reason I can't get a message sent from my gmail account to a virtuser address that maps back to the sending gmail account.  Sent from a different gmail account to the forwarded address ends up getting forwarded fine.  They'll just have to live without being able to send email from their gmail accounts to their own address here and expecting to have it forwarded back to them.  Not gonna rewrite the from just to take care of that.

Thank you both very much for your help.

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