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Any way to build in a generic tracer?

Posted on 2006-06-28
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Last Modified: 2013-11-20
Hi,

Is there any way to build in a tracer which will tell me where in my code a crash occured? If not, what are some other solutions?

Cheers
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Question by:StanChart
5 Comments
 
LVL 86

Accepted Solution

by:
jkr earned 250 total points
ID: 17006258
The easiest thing is to have the linker create map files when build your modules. You can use them to find the function where the fault occurred. Consider e.g.

#include <windows.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>

LONG
WINAPI
ExceptionHandler(LPEXCEPTION_POINTERS pe) {

    char acModule[MAX_PATH];

    MEMORY_BASIC_INFORMATION mbi;
    HMODULE hMod;

    VirtualQuery (pe->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionAddress,&mbi,sizeof(mbi));

    ptrdiff_t RVA = (char*)pe->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionAddress - (char*)mbi.AllocationBase;

    hMod = (HMODULE) mbi.AllocationBase;

    GetModuleFileName(hMod,acModule,sizeof (acModule));

    printf( "Detected Exception in %s at RVA 0x%08X\n", acModule, RVA);

    return EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER;
}

void FaultingFunction () {

    LONG* p = NULL;
    *p = 42;
}

void main(){

    SetUnhandledExceptionFilter (ExceptionHandler);
    FaultingFunction ();
}

(compiled with "cl rvaxcept.cpp /link /map")

which prints

Detected Exception in C:\tmp\cc\rvaxcept.exe at RVA 0x00001088

The map file is

rvaxcept

Timestamp is 44660958 (Sat May 13 18:29:12 2006)

Preferred load address is 00400000

Start         Length     Name                   Class
0001:00000000 00004938H .text                   CODE
[...]

 Address         Publics by Value              Rva+Base     Lib:Object

0001:00000000       _ExceptionHandler@4        00401000 f   rvaxcept.obj
0001:0000007a       _FaultingFunction          0040107a f   rvaxcept.obj
0001:00000092       _main                      00401092 f   rvaxcept.obj
0001:000000a7       _printf                    004010a7 f   LIBC:printf.obj
0001:000000d8       _mainCRTStartup            004010d8 f   LIBC:crt0.obj
0001:000001b7       __amsg_exit                004011b7 f   LIBC:crt0.obj
[...]

You can see the 'Rva+Base' column, base is given as 'Preferred load address is 00400000'

Add that to the faulting module RVA of 0x00001088 and you get 0x00401088, then look that up in the above (i.e. the 'nearest symbol' and you can see that it is 'FaultingFunction'

0001:0000007a       _FaultingFunction          0040107a f   rvaxcept.obj
0001:00000092       _main                      00401092 f   rvaxcept.obj

The address is between main and FaultingFunction, which starts before 0x00401088, the next function is main and starts at a higher offset.
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LVL 22

Assisted Solution

by:mahesh1402
mahesh1402 earned 250 total points
ID: 17129006
You may also refer this 'Function Calling Sequence Tracer Class' : http://www.codeproject.com/debug/SequenceTracer.asp

And also this trace class: http://www.codeproject.com/debug/Traceclass.asp

about detecting crash using MAP files refer with src :
Finding crash information using the MAP file : http://www.codetools.com/debug/mapfile.asp

-MAHESH
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