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I know why my data will not merge, but what other approach can I take?

Posted on 2006-06-30
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Last Modified: 2010-04-23
I have been working on a program to pull data in from an Excel spreadsheet, merge and then update/insert information into a SQL Server table.  Now the problem I ran into is that it won't update because of the following.

1) Your table names have to be the same
2) Your field names have to be the same
3) Your data types have to be the same

Now since I am unable to do this merge, what is another approach I can take to make this merge work?
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Question by:VBBRett
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Sancler earned 500 total points
ID: 17021370
Have a look at this as a basis.  It's from one of my Utility modules and I use it (often modified in one way or another to meet specific requirements) quite often.

    Private Sub ExcelToAccess(ByVal sourceFile As String, ByVal sourceSheet As String, ByVal targetFile As String, ByVal targetTable As String)

        'Sub transfers all records from .xls sourcefile.sourcesheet ...
        '... to .mdb targetfile.targettable
        'It is assumed that the .mdb targettable definition already ...
        '... exists, with the same number and types of fields, ...
        '... in the same order, as the .xls worksheet columns.
        'It does not depend on the .mdb field names being the same ...
        '... as the .xls column headings: although it does assume ...
        '... that the .xls columns are named.

        If Not sourceSheet.EndsWith("$") Then
            sourceSheet &= "$"
        End If

        Dim sourceConStr As String = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" & sourceFile & ";Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1"""
        Dim sourceSQL As String = "SELECT * FROM [" & sourceSheet & "]"
        Dim targetConStr As String = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" & targetFile & ";User Id=admin;Password=;"
        Dim targetSQL As String = "SELECT * FROM " & targetTable

        'use dataadapter for target and command builder to ...
        '... create insert command, including parameter collection
        Dim targetCon As New OleDbConnection(targetConStr)
        Dim targetDA As New OleDbDataAdapter(targetSQL, targetCon)
        Dim cb As New OleDbCommandBuilder(targetDA)
        Dim targetCommand As OleDbCommand = cb.GetInsertCommand

        'now do the work
        Dim sourceCon As New OleDbConnection(sourceConStr)
        Dim sourceCommand As New OleDbCommand(sourceSQL, sourceCon)
        targetCommand.Connection.Open()
        sourceCon.Open()
        Dim sourceReader As OleDbDataReader
        sourceReader = sourceCommand.ExecuteReader()
        While sourceReader.Read()
            'for each row from source
            For i As Integer = 0 To sourceReader.FieldCount - 1
                'load values into parameters
                targetCommand.Parameters(i).Value = sourceReader(i)
                'if any of the source data needs to be modified ...
                '... for the target, it could be done here ...
            Next
            '... or here
            'then write to target
            targetCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
        End While
        sourceReader.Close()
        sourceCon.Close()
        targetCommand.Connection.Close()

    End Sub

You would need to alter it.  First, you would need to substitute sql Objects for the OleDb objects it currently uses for Access.  Second, rather than just being able to loop through the sourcereader fields and pass their values directly into the equivalently numbered target parameter, you would need to code which value from the source goes into which parameter in the target (and perhaps convert some of the values from one datatype to another).  But, as a general framework, you might find it helpful.

Roger
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