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# Set bits

I would like to set each bit in a byte, then write the byte out to a binary file.
I then need to take a value from 0 - 12, convert it to 4 bits, then write the 4 bits out to a file.

Could someone provide me with some sample code?

This is running on a linux platform.  Thanks!
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jewee
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2 Solutions

Commented:
Hi jewee,

The clearest way to set all bits in a byte is to set it to -1 (with casts if necessary).

I am sure you can do a loop from 0 to 12.

Writing 4 bits to a file is impossible, file writing is restricted to a minimum of 8-bit bytes. Are you expected to write these bytes out as '1'/'0' characters?

Paul
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Author Commented:
For the 4 bit value - there is also an additional 4 bit value following this.

I don't need a loop from 0 - 12.  I need to have a function which will take in a value ranging from 0 - 12, and convert it to 4 bits.
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Commented:
jewee,

A number taking 4 bits can range between 0 and 15. You already have only 4 bits! Why is this difficult?

Have a go at some code and post it describing your difficulties.

Paul
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Commented:
Paul's right; the number from 0-12 will already be using no more than four bits. If you want to convert it to ASCII, just do a loop from 0 to 3 and perform an "AND" against the number with one bit set depending on the value of the counter in the loop.
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Commented:
And to output the two four-bit values to the file, do something like the following:

fputc( ( a << 4 ) | ( b & 0x0F ), fpout );

The left shift by four bits moves the value, a, into the higher "nibble", eliminating the four bits that were previously there. The b & 0x0F clears the higher four bits, leaving the lower four bits in place. And "OR" operation merges them together into the one byte.
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Author Commented:
Paul,

Sorry, I originally misunderstood your question.  thank you.
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