How to write a new line character to xml file in java

Posted on 2006-07-07
Last Modified: 2008-01-09
i want to create an xml file from my class:

<equiz instruction="Hello \n World;" random="1"></equiz>

I want to preserve that newline character in the xml file and when i read it back in a JTextArea then it should be replaced by an Enter.

How can i write new line character to xml file in java? I am using the following method for writing the document to file:

// This method writes a DOM document to a file
    public static void writeXmlFile(Document doc, String filename) {
        try {
            // Prepare the DOM document for writing
            Source source = new DOMSource(doc);
            // Prepare the output file
            File file = new File(filename);
            Result result = new StreamResult(file);
            // Write the DOM document to the file
            Transformer xformer = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer();
            xformer.transform(source, result);
        } catch (TransformerConfigurationException e) {
        } catch (TransformerException e) {

But when there is an enter in the text then it replaces it with &#xa; But i dont want it replaced with that.
Question by:imation3m
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Expert Comment

ID: 17057137
I think you can do this by writing the char code, which is 32, I think?
System.out.println(new Character(32)); // this might work
LVL 86

Accepted Solution

CEHJ earned 50 total points
ID: 17057219
You can't embed control characters in attributes. You need to replace the &#xa; you receive with \n

Author Comment

ID: 17057258
Actually i m creating an xml editor. The actual program which sombody wrote uses this xml as an input into it. So i need to be able to write \n in the attributes because that other program uses it. i cannot change the xml specification now.
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

ID: 17057271
>>So i need to be able to write \n in the attributes because that other program uses it.

You can't
LVL 92

Expert Comment

ID: 17057315
use a cdata block
LVL 86

Expert Comment

ID: 17057359
A CDATA block won't help you. That's for element content, not attributes
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Expert Comment

ID: 17079453

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