dispose and finalize methods

Hello, I was wondering what are the finalize() and dispose() methods provided by the .NET and what exactly do they do? What is their relationship with the garbage collector?

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yattiasAsked:
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lakshman_ceConnect With a Mentor Commented:
A Dispose method performs application-defined tasks associated with freeing, releasing, or resetting unmanaged resources.You can override Dispose method to clean up the resources

A Finalize method acts as a safeguard to clean up resources in the event that your Dispose method is not called. You should only implement a Finalize method to clean up unmanaged resources. You should not implement a Finalize method for managed objects, because the garbage collector cleans up managed resources automatically.

The garbage collector tracks and reclaims objects allocated in managed memory. Periodically, the garbage collector performs garbage collection to reclaim memory allocated to objects for which there are no valid references. Garbage collection happens automatically when a request for memory cannot be satisfied using available free memory

Garbage collection consists of the following steps:
The garbage collector searches for managed objects that are referenced in managed code.
The garbage collector attempts to finalize objects that are not referenced.
The garbage collector frees objects that are not referenced and reclaims their memory.

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AlexFMConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Notice that C++/CLI has different syntax for Dispose and Finalize methods. Dispose method syntax: ~MyClass(), finalizer: !MyClass(). delete operator is used to call Dispose method, and finalizer is never called directly. Useful links:

http://blogs.thinktecture.com/cnagel/archive/2006/04/10/414477.aspx
http://www.codeproject.com/managedcpp/cppclidtors.asp
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