Select records based on column sum

Posted on 2006-07-11
Last Modified: 2012-08-13
Need a sql statement where I could specify a value and return only enough records where the quantity satisfies the requirement.

Row      Quantity
A      4
B      2
C      5
D      5
E      12

If I needed a quantity of 10 then I would want rows A, B and C (4 + 2 + 5 = 11 which satisfies the requirement of 10).
If I needed a qty of 13 then I would want rows A, B, C and D (4 + 2 + 5 + 5 = 16)

I know I could use a cursor for this but would really like to do this within a single select statement.

Question by:jgv
LVL 25

Accepted Solution

jrb1 earned 500 total points
ID: 17086655
select top 1 row, quantity
(select a.row, a.quantity, sum(b.quantity) as ttlqty
from yourtable a
   , yourtable b
where b.row <= a.row
group by a.row, a.quantity)
where ttlqty > {yournumber}
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:Patrick Matthews
ID: 17086780
Hi jgv,

You're not going to be able to use a simple SELECT statement to do this.  Your best bet is probably to use a
stored procedure that tests this out.


LVL 17

Expert Comment

ID: 17087104
If your table have Primary Key(PK), try this

(select Row,(select SUM(Quantity) as c from yourtable as a where a.PK<yourtable.PK) as c from yourtable) AS t1
where c>10

Hope this help
LVL 19

Expert Comment

ID: 17087259
Let's break this down.

First, can you get a list of the Last Item and the sum of it and it's predicessors values?  Once you do that, it is a simple matter of selecting that item and it's predicessors.

What you want to start with is a result set like:
A    4
B    6
C    11
D    16
E    28

There are a couple of ways to do this.  The first, as eluded to by HuyBD is to join each row in the table to itself and every other predicessor row.  This gets to be expensive in a hurry if you have a lot of items.  If there are only a few dozen, who cares; it is just a couple of million machine cycles.  Let's assume the problem is larger and you want the best performance.

The slick way to do this is with a temp table and a tricky update statement.  First create a temp table with an extra column.  Then do the tricky update, then you can answer the questions out of that temp table, at least until you update the base table.

-- STEP 1:
SELECT PK, Quantity, CONVERT(INT,0) AS RunningTotal, CONVERT(INT,0) as RunningMin
   INTO #T
FROM YourTable

-- STEP 2:
DECLARE @RunningTotal INT
SET @RunningTotal = 0
     SET RunningTotal = @RunningTotal + Quantity,
            RunningMin = @RunningTotal + 1,
            @RunningTotal = @RunningTotal + Quantity

-- STEP 3 - n:
SELECT PK, Quantity
   FROM #T
 WHERE RunningMin < @DesiredValue

A     4
B     2
C     5
D     5
E     12

#T after creation
A     4      4      1
B     2      6      5
C     5    11      7
D     5    16     12
E    12    28     17

Query for the rows necessary to add up to 10...  WHERE RunningMin <= 10 and you get
A, B, and C

Mock it up and let us know how it goes.

LVL 12

Author Comment

ID: 17087394
It took a bit of tweaking but your jrb1's solution inline statement to pull only the records that satisfy the requirement

Bill, I hear you on the performance end but in this case the trade off is worth it.


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