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How I can use a TClientDataset (of VCL.NET) in a ASP.NET WebService.

Posted on 2006-07-14
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Last Modified: 2008-01-09
Hi Experts,

After days examining different ways to consume a ADO.NET dataset sent
by a webservice method, I found that article of DrBob (http://www.drbob42.com/examines/examin62.htm)
which gave the idea to use the ADONETConnector to take the data to ClientDataset and save it to a
XML string.
The code for the function is below:
 
function ObterXMLDataPacket(
  pADONET_Dataset: DataSet; pNumero_DataTable: Integer): String;
var Conector:TADONETConnector;
    Cds:TclientDataset;
    DSP:TDatasetProvider;
    St: TStringStream;
begin
  If pADONET_Dataset.Tables.Count = 0 then Exit;
  (*Cria os componentes necessários*)
  Cds := TClientDataSet.Create(nil);
  DSP := TDataSetProvider.Create(nil);
  St := TStringStream.Create;
  Conector := TADONETConnector.Create(nil);
  (*Conecta os componentes*)
  DSP.Dataset := Conector;
  Cds.SetProvider(DSP);
  Conector.DataTable := pADONET_Dataset.Tables[pNumero_DataTable];
  (*Obtém os dados*)
  Conector.Open;


  CDS.Open;  // Here the method throws the exception


  (*Transforma os dados em XML Datapacket*)
  Cds.SaveToStream(St,dfXML);
  Result := ST.DataString;
  (*Limpa o ambientes*)
  St.Free;
  Cds.Free;
  Conector.Free;
  DSP.Free;
end;

The function is used in a WebMethod which opens a BDPDataAdapter and calls the function with the Dataset
populated by the Adapter.

Here is the code:

function TCC_DataLayer.RetornaDatasetXMLDPacket: String;
begin
  BdpDataAdapter1.Active := True;
  Result := ObterXMLDataPacket(ds1,0);
end;

With the needed units (ADONetDb, System.Data, etc among a few other ones) - the WebService build without problems. But when the method is called, the execution is aborted with a exception (on the Win32 client, on the browser gave only a internal server error).

Here is the message of the Exception: "Servidor não pôde processar a solicitação. --> Invalid threading model (STAThreadAttribute is required)"

The first part is in Brazilian Portuguese and means: "Server could not process the request"

Here is the code where the WebMethod is called:
 
procedure TForm2.Button2Click(Sender: TObject);
var Comm:THTTPRIO;
begin
  Comm := THTTPRIO.Create(nil);
  WServico := GetTCC_DataLayerSoap(False,'http://localhost/CredCob_DataLayer/uCC_DataLayer.asmx',Comm);
  try
    ClientDataSet1.XMLData := WServico.RetornaDatasetXMLDPacket;
    ClientDataSet1.Open;
  except
  on E: Exception do
    begin
    With TStringList.Create do
      begin
      Add(E.Message);
      SaveToFile('c:\mensagemerro.txt');
      Free;
      end;
    end;
  end;
end;

 
Environment: Delphi 2006 Architect (Borland® Developer Studio for Microsoft® Windows™ Version 10.0.2288.42451 Update 2), IIS + ASP.NET 1.1.4322...
DataBase: MSSQL 2005 (just for the sake of completeness).

Best Regards and thank you very much for the attention,
Fabricio (Delphian)
0
Comment
Question by:Delphian
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9 Comments
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:Ivanov_G
ID: 17114029
Have you tried this:

[STAThreadAttribute]
function TCC_DataLayer.RetornaDatasetXMLDPacket: String;
....
0
 
LVL 4

Author Comment

by:Delphian
ID: 17121919
You mean apply the attibute to the WebMethod? Does not work.
And even putting in  both (internal function and WebMethod), or
in one of them - does not work, the exception is thrown wherever
the attribute is located...

Any ideas?
0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:Ivanov_G
ID: 17122930
[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
}

This way you change the Threading Model to Single Threaded.
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LVL 4

Author Comment

by:Delphian
ID: 17123337
No luck on this also...
0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:Ivanov_G
ID: 17123779
No more ideas on my side... Sorry.
0
 
LVL 4

Author Comment

by:Delphian
ID: 17124499
I did some additional testing, the results are:

-> In a desktop Windows Forms: OK (no changes, no additional attributes needed)
-> In a desktop VCL.NET: OK (ditto above)

The great trouble is when ASP.NET Web Services come in scene. Seems a agreement
that someone needs to get a STAThread attrib... But is not the likely ones.

So, the 500 points question: WHERE I put the this 'lovely' attribute? Or is not an attribute
question?

Any comments?

(BTW: Thank you for the good will, Ivanov)
0
 
LVL 4

Author Comment

by:Delphian
ID: 17964054
I discovered later that it's reported on Borland Quality Central at
http://qc.borland.com/wc/qcmain.aspx?d=33679

And after that I forgot the question. It's a real shame.

Since I changed the implementation, there's no use for me the
workaround on the link, but I ask you just to mantain the question
on the DB - it can help others.

But I would like the refund.

0
 
LVL 1

Accepted Solution

by:
Computer101 earned 0 total points
ID: 17983746
PAQed with points refunded (500)

Computer101
EE Admin
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