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Does table exist

Posted on 2006-07-21
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Last Modified: 2008-01-09
Hi,

I am posting this in this section as I need to know how to respond to the condition, in ASP.NET

Basically all I want to do is , if a table exists in the Sql Database, then write "EXISTS!" to a span I have on the page

Thanks in advance

Andrew
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Question by:REA_ANDREW
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17 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152743
Hi REA_ANDREW,

assuming your using SQL Server you can use this query to check if the table exists:

SELECT [Name] AS [Table Name]
FROM sysObjects
WHERE xType = 'U' AND [Name] = 'YourTableName'
ORDER BY [Name]

 and just check if something is returned

Apresto
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Assisted Solution

by:TimCottee
TimCottee earned 250 total points
ID: 17152751
Hi REA_ANDREW,

Select Case When (Select Count(*) from dbo.sysobjects where name ='Users' and xtype = 'U') = 1 Then 'Exists' Else 'Doesn''t Exist' End As IstItThere

For example, tests for the existence of a table called Users.

Tim Cottee
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152752
hi Apresto, thanks you are a reliable help.  

Can you confirm that I could use an ExecuteScalar() with this SQL String?
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Accepted Solution

by:
apresto earned 250 total points
ID: 17152755
in c# sometinhg like this:

string tableName = "YourTable";
string sql = "SELECT count(*) as TableCount FROM sysObjects  WHERE xType = 'U' [Name] = " + tableName + "ORDER BY [Name]";

SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand( sql );
command.Connection = YourConnection;
...etc etc...

int tableCount = command.ExecuteScalar();

if ( tableCount > 0 )
{
   //EXISTS
}
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152756
Aha I post to slow, thanks also TimCottee
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152760
hi there, well spotted, if you are just trying to see if it exists you could just return a count and check its not 0 (obviously it wont ever be more than one either :o)
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152763
apologies, didnt spot your post Tim Cottee - didnt mean to duplicate
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152768
So how do I implement, the correct one in C#, i.e. is this the one to use?

Select Case When (Select Count(*) from dbo.sysobjects where name ='Users' and xtype = 'U') = 1 Then 'Exists' Else 'Doesn''t Exist' End As IstItThere

Andrew
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Expert Comment

by:TimCottee
ID: 17152770
apresto,

No problem.

Tim
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Expert Comment

by:TimCottee
ID: 17152775
REA_ANDREW,

Either really, all mine does is wrap the "Exists" into the sql statement so you can executescalar on it straight to your span. apresto showed how to use the version that simply returns the count to do the same thing.

Tim
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152780
Thanks guys, Big Help
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152786
Glad to have helped

Good Luck

Apresto
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152791
Just one more quick one, is this a correct implemntation as I seem to remeber that a null reference is thrown in the execute scalar if nout is in there,  I like using the one line implementation, not sure of the name, but could either of you please confirm this is correct

int tableCount = command.ExecuteScalar() = null ? 0 : command.ExecuteScalar();

Thanks

Andrew
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Expert Comment

by:SKumar_1981
ID: 17152795
Try this
Declare Isexist int
SELECT COUNT(*) [Name] AS [Table Name
FROM  information_schema.tables
WHERE xType = 'U' AND [Name] = 'YourTableName'
ORDER BY [Name])

if @Isexist >0
begin
      SET @Exists = 1
end
else
      SET @Exists=0

Regards,
skumar


Regards,
skumar
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152797
because you are using a count() you will always get a value, a 0 if nothing is found
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Author Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 17152800
Excellent thanks
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Expert Comment

by:apresto
ID: 17152804
No Problemo :o)
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