troubleshooting Question

What Activities Trigger AD lastLogon Attribute - Great .vbscript Included

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isd503 asked on
Windows Server 2003
1 Comment1 Solution1257 ViewsLast Modified:
I am trying to discover what activity will trigger the lastLogon attribute in the Active Directory.  I would think that any time a user authenticates with domain credentials, the attribute would be triggered:

1.  Logon to an external SharePoint site from the Internet.
2.  Logon after establishing a VPN connection.
3.  Logon to a machine connected to the domain.
4.  Logon to OWA.

etc., etc.  As long as the authentication is hitting an ADC, the attribute should be triggered, right?  Any documentation would be very helpful.

On a side note, check out this great script for getting lastLogon information from user and machine accounts in the AD:

' LastLogon.vbs
' VBScript program to determine when each user in the domain last logged
' on.
'
' ----------------------------------------------------------------------
' Copyright (c) 2002 Richard L. Mueller
' Hilltop Lab web site - http://www.rlmueller.net
' Version 1.0 - December 7, 2002
' Version 1.1 - January 17, 2003 - Account for null value for lastLogon.
' Version 1.2 - January 23, 2003 - Account for DC not available.
' Version 1.3 - February 3, 2003 - Retrieve users but not contacts.
' Version 1.4 - February 19, 2003 - Standardize Hungarian notation.
' Version 1.5 - March 11, 2003 - Remove SearchScope property.
' Version 1.6 - May 9, 2003 - Account for error in IADsLargeInteger
'                             property methods HighPart and LowPart.
' Version 1.7 - January 25, 2004 - Modify error trapping.
'
' Because the lastLogon attribute is not replicated, every Domain
' Controller in the domain must be queried to find the latest lastLogon
' date for each user. The lastest date found is kept in a dictionary
' object. The program first uses ADO to search the domain for all Domain
' Controllers. The AdsPath of each Domain Controller is saved in an
' array. Then, for each Domain Controller, ADO is used to search the
' copy of Active Directory on that Domain Controller for all user
' objects and return the lastLogon attribute. The lastLogon attribute is
' a 64-bit number representing the number of 100 nanosecond intervals
' since 12:00 am January 1, 1601. This value is converted to a date. The
' last logon date is in UTC (Coordinated Univeral Time). It must be
' adjusted by the Time Zone bias in the machine registry to convert to
' local time.
'
' You have a royalty-free right to use, modify, reproduce, and
' distribute this script file in any way you find useful, provided that
' you agree that the copyright owner above has no warranty, obligations,
' or liability for such use.

Option Explicit

Dim objRootDSE, strConfig, objConnection, objCommand, strQuery
Dim objRecordSet, objDC
Dim strDNSDomain, objShell, lngBiasKey, lngBias, k, arrstrDCs()
Dim strDN, dtmDate, objDate, lngDate, objList, strUser
Dim strBase, strFilter, strAttributes, lngHigh, lngLow

' Use a dictionary object to track latest lastLogon for each user.
Set objList = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
objList.CompareMode = vbTextCompare

' Obtain local Time Zone bias from machine registry.
Set objShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")
lngBiasKey = objShell.RegRead("HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\" _
  & "TimeZoneInformation\ActiveTimeBias")
If UCase(TypeName(lngBiasKey)) = "LONG" Then
  lngBias = lngBiasKey
ElseIf UCase(TypeName(lngBiasKey)) = "VARIANT()" Then
  lngBias = 0
  For k = 0 To UBound(lngBiasKey)
    lngBias = lngBias + (lngBiasKey(k) * 256^k)
  Next
End If

' Determine configuration context and DNS domain from RootDSE object.
Set objRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")
strConfig = objRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext")
strDNSDomain = objRootDSE.Get("defaultNamingContext")

' Use ADO to search Active Directory for ObjectClass nTDSDSA.
' This will identify all Domain Controllers.
Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")
Set objConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
objConnection.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"
objConnection.Open "Active Directory Provider"
objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection

strBase = "<LDAP://" & strConfig & ">"
strFilter = "(objectClass=nTDSDSA)"
strAttributes = "AdsPath"
strQuery = strBase & ";" & strFilter & ";" & strAttributes & ";subtree"

objCommand.CommandText = strQuery
objCommand.Properties("Page Size") = 100
objCommand.Properties("Timeout") = 60
objCommand.Properties("Cache Results") = False

Set objRecordSet = objCommand.Execute

' Enumerate parent objects of class nTDSDSA. Save Domain Controller
' AdsPaths in dynamic array arrstrDCs.
k = 0
Do Until objRecordSet.EOF
  Set objDC = _
    GetObject(GetObject(objRecordSet.Fields("AdsPath")).Parent)
  ReDim Preserve arrstrDCs(k)
  arrstrDCs(k) = objDC.DNSHostName
  k = k + 1
  objRecordSet.MoveNext
Loop

' Retrieve lastLogon attribute for each user on each Domain Controller.
For k = 0 To Ubound(arrstrDCs)
  strBase = "<LDAP://" & arrstrDCs(k) & "/" & strDNSDomain & ">"
  strFilter = "(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user))"
  'strFilter = "(objectCategory=computer)"
  strAttributes = "distinguishedName,lastLogon"
  strQuery = strBase & ";" & strFilter & ";" & strAttributes _
    & ";subtree"
  objCommand.CommandText = strQuery
  On Error Resume Next
  Set objRecordSet = objCommand.Execute
  If Err.Number <> 0 Then
    On Error GoTo 0
    Wscript.Echo "Domain Controller not available: " & arrstrDCs(k)
  Else
    On Error GoTo 0
    Do Until objRecordSet.EOF
      strDN = objRecordSet.Fields("distinguishedName")
      lngDate = objRecordSet.Fields("lastLogon")
      On Error Resume Next
      Set objDate = lngDate
      If Err.Number <> 0 Then
        On Error GoTo 0
        dtmDate = #1/1/1601#
      Else
        On Error GoTo 0
        lngHigh = objDate.HighPart
        lngLow = objDate.LowPart
        If lngLow < 0 Then
          lngHigh = lngHigh + 1
        End If
        If (lngHigh = 0) And (lngLow = 0 ) Then
          dtmDate = #1/1/1601#
        Else
          dtmDate = #1/1/1601# + (((lngHigh * (2 ^ 32)) _
            + lngLow)/600000000 - lngBias)/1440
        End If
      End If
      If objList.Exists(strDN) Then
        If dtmDate > objList(strDN) Then
          objList(strDN) = dtmDate
        End If
      Else
        objList.Add strDN, dtmDate
      End If
      objRecordSet.MoveNext
    Loop
  End If
Next

' Output latest lastLogon date for each user.
For Each strUser In objList
  Wscript.Echo strUser & " ; " & objList(strUser)
Next

' Clean up.
objConnection.Close
Set objRootDSE = Nothing
Set objConnection = Nothing
Set objCommand = Nothing
Set objRecordSet = Nothing
Set objDC = Nothing
Set objDate = Nothing
Set objList = Nothing
Set objShell = Nothing
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