java - set the calendar month

I want to set the calendar date backed to 01-08-2006, but it keeps return the 01-09-2006

Please correct my mistakes

            SimpleDateFormat dateFormat =  new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");


            String[] dtArry = new String[2];
            dtArry = FirstDateOfLastMonthStr.split("-");
            int startPeriodDate = Integer.parseInt(dtArry[0]);
            int startPeriodMonth = Integer.parseInt(dtArry[1]);
            int startPeriodYear = Integer.parseInt(dtArry[2]);
            cd.set(Calendar.MONTH, startPeriodMonth );
            cd.set(Calendar.DATE, startPeriodDate );
            cd.set(Calendar.YEAR, startPeriodYear );

            System.out.println("Now : Last month date:" + dateFormat.format(cd.getTime()));

*** It returns 01-09-2006 instead of 01-08-2006
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Mick BarryJava DeveloperCommented:
month is zero based, so use:

            cd.set(Calendar.MONTH, startPeriodMonth-1 );
LeanMoreTryMoreAuthor Commented:
startPeriodMonth is the month need to be set to. 08 is last month.
Mick BarryJava DeveloperCommented:
what month do you ewant to set it to?  8 = September
when u have a date string, u shud parse the date,

      SimpleDateFormat dateFormat =  new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
      String FirstDateOfLastMonthStr="01-08-2006";
      Date cd = dateFormat.parse(FirstDateOfLastMonthStr);
      System.out.println("Now : Last month date:" + dateFormat.format(cd));

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LeanMoreTryMoreAuthor Commented:
I work it out. it should use

Calendar cd= new GregorianCalendar();

but NOT TO use cd.getTime() <=== this is reset the date

Thanks you for all to help me anyway
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