Improve company productivity with a Business Account.Sign Up

x
  • Status: Solved
  • Priority: Medium
  • Security: Public
  • Views: 211
  • Last Modified:

How to write the byte order markers at the start of a UNICODE file

I've got this function which writes text to a file...

int writetextfile(TCHAR * sfile, TCHAR * sbuffer)
{
      DWORD dwBytesWritten;
      SetErrorMode(SEM_NOOPENFILEERRORBOX | SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS);

      // fix for cust xxx - files having content after eof
      // old hFile = CreateFile(outputfile, GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, CREATE_ALWAYS, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
      HANDLE hFile = CreateFile(sfile, GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, TRUNCATE_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);

      if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
      {
            hFile = CreateFile(sfile, GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, CREATE_NEW, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
      }
      if (hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
      {
            WriteFile(hFile, sbuffer, (_tcslen(sbuffer) + 1) * sizeof(TCHAR), &dwBytesWritten, NULL);
            SetEndOfFile(hFile);
            CloseHandle(hFile);
            return dwBytesWritten;
      }
      else
      {
            return 0;
      }
}

I also need to write the marker characters.

Without these I'm finding that vb6 fso can read the file OK, because you can tell it its unicode, but when the file is read from vb.net 2005, the byte order marks arent there so .net misinterprets the file format as ascii, and I end up with a "x 0 x 0 x 0" string that breaks the code when you do anything with it.

All our stuff is UTF8, so I think the bytes should be EF BB BF. What the easiest way to modify the above to include them ?

my C is a tad rusty and I need to get this working asap !

thanks

0
plq
Asked:
plq
  • 5
  • 2
1 Solution
 
AlexFMCommented:
   if (hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
     {
          char buffer[3];
          buffer[0] = 0xEF;
          buffer[1] = 0xBB;
          buffer[2] = 0xBF;
          WriteFile(hFile, buffer, sizeof(buffer), &dwBytesWritten, NULL);

          WriteFile(hFile, sbuffer, (_tcslen(sbuffer) + 1) * sizeof(TCHAR), &dwBytesWritten, NULL);
          SetEndOfFile(hFile);
          CloseHandle(hFile);
          return dwBytesWritten;
     }
0
 
AlexFMCommented:
I didn't understand exactly where do you want to add three bytes - to the beginning or to the end. This code writes them in the beginning. If you want to add to the end - move WriteFile(hFile, buffer...) line after WriteFile(hFile, sbuffer...) line.
0
 
plqAuthor Commented:
Thanks Alex. Is there any way we can tune this to only write once ?

I started writing this...

#ifdef UNICODE

      //      Place the unicode utf8 byte order marks at the start of the file

      TCHAR * sbufferbase = createstring(12, lcharsneeded + 3);                  // freed
      *sbufferbase       = 0xEF;
      *(sbufferbase + 1) = 0xBB;
      *(sbufferbase + 2) = 0xBF;
      TCHAR * sbuffer = sbufferbase + 3;
#else

      // no byte order marks

      TCHAR * sbufferbase = createstring(12, lcharsneeded);                  // freed
      TCHAR * sbuffer = sbufferbase;

#endif

// fill up sbuffer as before
...

writetextfile(spath, sbufferbase);



because I only want to call WriteFile once. This is a file being written to a heavily flogged share, so I want to minimise IO

My code above is obviously flawed because TCHAR is too wide and therefore putting 6 bytes at the front instead of 3.

Can you see an easy way of doing it which allows just one write ?

thanks
0
Free Tool: Subnet Calculator

The subnet calculator helps you design networks by taking an IP address and network mask and returning information such as network, broadcast address, and host range.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

 
plqAuthor Commented:
BTW Unicode byte order marks sit at the beginning as far as I know..
0
 
plqAuthor Commented:
I have tried the UTF8 marker with Alex's suggestion above, and the file displays in notepad with a space between each character.

Notepad is capable of displaying unicode files so the format must be wrong.

I have tried the 3 bytes and the 3 bytes + one zero at the front of the file. The extra 0 in 4th place screw it up completely. With the 3 bytes it seems ok except the spacing
0
 
plqAuthor Commented:
Here's a working example

#include "globals.h"
#include "stdafx.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>
#include <malloc.h>

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
      TCHAR * sfile = TEXT("C:\\ZX.TXT");
      DWORD dwBytesWritten;

      SetErrorMode(SEM_NOOPENFILEERRORBOX | SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS);
      HANDLE hFile = CreateFile(sfile, GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, TRUNCATE_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);

      TCHAR * swork = TEXT("HELLO &#12522;&#12540;&#12474;&#12301;&#12398;&#30330; &#35805;&#20316;&#20986;&#20102;&#21453;");
      size_t llen = _tcslen(swork);
      size_t lbytes = llen * sizeof(TCHAR);

      unsigned char smarker[3];
      smarker[0] = 0xEF;
      smarker[1] = 0xBB;
      smarker[2] = 0xBF;
      WriteFile(hFile, smarker, 3, &dwBytesWritten, NULL);

      char *utf8 = (char *) malloc(lbytes * 4);            //(llen + 1) * sizeof(TCHAR));
      int lBytesWritten = WideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, swork, -1, utf8, lbytes * 4, NULL, NULL);
      // lBytesWritten includes the null
      int err = GetLastError();
      WriteFile(hFile, utf8, lBytesWritten, &dwBytesWritten, NULL);
      free(utf8);

      SetEndOfFile(hFile);
      CloseHandle(hFile);

      return 0;
}

0
 
plqAuthor Commented:
The key was to translate the TCHAR from UNICODE to UTF8, as well as adding the byte order marks.
0
 
DarthModCommented:
Closed, 500 points refunded.
DarthMod
Community Support Moderator
0
Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

Join & Write a Comment

Featured Post

Free Tool: SSL Checker

Scans your site and returns information about your SSL implementation and certificate. Helpful for debugging and validating your SSL configuration.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

  • 5
  • 2
Tackle projects and never again get stuck behind a technical roadblock.
Join Now