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Byte Encoding doubt

Posted on 2006-10-21
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Last Modified: 2010-03-31
I got one small doubt more..would appreciate if anybody would help..
So,I created a class to send the data,but i have some problems receiving the data back from the server.This is my class:

import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;
 
public class SocketCat {
 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
 
   
                                          String parameter = "Tester                              ";
            byte[] buf = new byte[40];
            try{
            buf = parameter.getBytes("ASCII");
            }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            }
 
      try{
            // get a datagram socket
        DatagramSocket socket = new DatagramSocket();
 
            // send request
 
        InetAddress address = InetAddress.getByName("localhost");
            
        DatagramPacket packet = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length, address, 3590);
        socket.send(packet);
   
         byte[] buffer = new byte[2000];
        // get response
        packet = new DatagramPacket(buffer, buffer.length);
        socket.receive(packet);
 
        // display response
        String received = new String(packet.getData(),"ASCII");
        System.out.println("Data Recd: " + received);
               socket.close();
        }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            }
  }
 
}
 
 



I would like to change this line:

byte[] buffer = new byte[2000];


to be initialised to the same size as the size of incoming data...is there any way to do so???

And I am getting some strange characters I don't know why,am i doin anything wrong here??

thanks
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Question by:harmeek_80
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11 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 17782880
>>to be initialised to the same size as the size of incoming data...is there any way to do so???

That seems academic - how would you know how to decode it if the length can vary?
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Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 17782932
first send a packet containing the size of the data.
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 17782937
The length would be

packet.getData().length

but my question stands, i think...
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Author Comment

by:harmeek_80
ID: 17783821
OK..leave that thing about the length.It would be nice if you can just tell me why  I am I getting some strange characters in the response message back???

Like I am getting  a reponse back as:
[strange character like heart]abcdedbbd    eerssddd[strange character like ?] assss aaeedd   aaaa [strange character like heart]

Could it be,that I am viewing the out in command prompt and thats why I am seeing those characters???Because it is supposed to be a webapp,and finally i need to display the response in a jsp page.....could that be the problem..any clues???
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 17783831
The characters are probably not representable at the command prompt. If you print the numeric codes we can investigate further
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Author Comment

by:harmeek_80
ID: 17783856
OK,I am copy-pasting the exact ASCII codes and then the strange characters,there are 4 arrays with length 1 byte,4 byte,30 bytes and 1 byte:



arr[0]:0
Data Recd:



arr[0]:39
arr[1]:-21
arr[2]:-106
arr[3]:0
Data Recd: '??



arr[0]:84
arr[1]:101
arr[2]:115
arr[3]:116
arr[4]:32
arr[5]:85
arr[6]:115
arr[7]:101
arr[8]:114
arr[9]:32
arr[10]:32
arr[11]:32
arr[12]:32
arr[13]:32
arr[14]:32
arr[15]:32
arr[16]:32
arr[17]:32
arr[18]:32
arr[19]:32
arr[20]:32
arr[21]:32
arr[22]:32
arr[23]:32
arr[24]:32
arr[25]:32
arr[26]:32
arr[27]:32
arr[28]:32
arr[29]:32
Data Recd: Test User



arr[0]:4
Data Recd: ♦


Thanks
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 17783872
OK - which ones are 'weird'?
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Author Comment

by:harmeek_80
ID: 17784010
arr[0]:0
Data Recd:


arr[0]:39
arr[1]:-21
arr[2]:-106
arr[3]:0
Data Recd: '??


arr[0]:4
Data Recd: ♦
0
 
LVL 86

Accepted Solution

by:
CEHJ earned 100 total points
ID: 17784064
arr[0]:0
That's not printable in any encoding

arr[0]:39
Is an apostrophe in ISO8859-1

arr[1]:-21 is
ë

arr[2]:-106
Doesn't exist in ISO8859-1

arr[3]:0
See above

but before we go further - are you sure the encoding is 'ASCII'?

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Author Comment

by:harmeek_80
ID: 17784322
No,I got it..those were actually numbers,and I was encoding them to ASCII...thanks for your great help CEHJ as always!!!
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 17784326
No problem

:-)
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