Want to win a PS4? Go Premium and enter to win our High-Tech Treats giveaway. Enter to Win

x
Solved

# printf int in binary format

Posted on 2006-10-22
Medium Priority
22,999 Views
How to printf integer, byte etc in their binary format?
0
Question by:william007
[X]
###### Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

• Help others & share knowledge
• Earn cash & points
• 5
• 4
• 4
• +1

LVL 84

Expert Comment

ID: 17786309
what do you mean when you say "in their binary format"?
0

LVL 84

Expert Comment

ID: 17786331
0

LVL 9

Author Comment

ID: 17786338
Hi, let say int i=4;
%x will be printing as hex form 4
But what I want is the binary form which is the 0100.
0

LVL 45

Accepted Solution

sunnycoder earned 1200 total points
ID: 17786360
0

LVL 84

Expert Comment

ID: 17786363
there is no standard printf format to do that.
you could write a function to do that.
How are you deciding how many leading 0s are in the binary form?
0

LVL 9

Author Comment

ID: 17786491
Hi ozo,
For the leading 0s I will consider omitted it.
But if we must write a function, then I would suggest to make it as a flag in the argument.
0

LVL 84

Expert Comment

ID: 17786542
how should the flag be interpreted?
0

LVL 2

Assisted Solution

avsrivastava earned 800 total points
ID: 17786900
This is a function I wrote sometime back, can be used to print in any base(between 2 and 36).
for base >36, we need more symbols than just numbers and alphabets.
maxwidth is the size of the dest buffer.

char * toString(int num, char * dest, unsigned radix, unsigned  maxwidth)
{
if(!dest)
return dest;
{
dest[0] = 0;
return dest;
}

int out = num;
unsigned len = 0, i =0;
int rem;

while(out&& len<maxwidth)
{
if (rem > 9)
dest[len] = (char)(rem - 10) + 'a';
else
dest[len] = (char)rem + '0';

++len;
}

if(!len)
dest[len++]='0';//for number 0

dest[len] = 0;

// reverse digits
for (i = 0; i < (len >> 1); ++i)
{
char c = dest[i];
dest[i] = dest[len-1-i];
dest[len-1-i] = c;
}
}
0

LVL 9

Author Comment

ID: 17787439
>how should the flag be interpreted?
Something like convertToBinary(char omitZeroflag...
and check the omitZeroflag to decide whether we want to omit zero...
Since this is just a on and off switch..in Java we can use boolean, but I don't really confirm that what is the best way to implement in C(Can someone tell me what is the best way to do a on and off switch in C?).  Anyway, I think I have got many good idea to get the binary here, thanks for the question:)

0

LVL 2

Assisted Solution

avsrivastava earned 800 total points
ID: 17787475
>>How are you deciding how many leading 0s are in the binary form?
You did not mention the number of zeros you want. (there is no straight answer to this, it is best not to display any leading zeros or always display fixed width numbers; say 32 or 64 digits)

BTW, the function I posted works for unsigned numbers, negative numbers will get printed in 2's compliment format.

There is a miss-by-one error in the while loop condition,
it should be
while(out && len<maxwidth-1)

0

LVL 2

Expert Comment

ID: 17787495
>Can someone tell me what is the best way to do a on and off switch in C?
usually an int is used(0 = false, anything else = true)

if you include stdbool.h, then you can use the bool datatype in C.

however, for most systems bool is not guaranteed to be 1 byte (can be as large as 8 bytes on some old systems),
till sometime back, the only thing you could assume was that size of bool <= size of long.
0

LVL 9

Author Comment

ID: 17789040
>usually an int is used(0 = false, anything else = true)
Hi, I am curious why don't we use char...since int is 2 bytes(short integer, generally) but char is 1 byte, which can save more spaces?
0

LVL 2

Assisted Solution

avsrivastava earned 800 total points
ID: 17789736
if memory is an issue, char should be used. if it is a big issue and a lot of bools are needed, use each bit of an int as a bitmap.
if there are only a few bool on modern systems with memory running into GBs, it will not even me measurable, so does not matter at all.

however, i think the idea of using int where bool could be because:
-IMHO int as greater readability than char when used as bool (char 0 is non printable, while int 0 is)
-int used to be the default(implicit) datatype for lot of cases in C(not sure about this though)
0

LVL 45

Assisted Solution

sunnycoder earned 1200 total points
ID: 17789805
Typically chars indeed are used for bool. 1 (non zero or !0) being true and 0 being false. chars are internally stored as ints. To print 0 and 1, use %d flag instead of %c - this would print the ASCII value of the char.
0

LVL 9

Author Comment

ID: 17794373
Thanks=)
0

## Featured Post

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

In this article I discuss my selections of the Top Four free Outlook OST File Viewers available. Open, view and read even damaged OST files by using these tools. They all provide a clear preview of all data such as emails, notes, tasks, calendars, eâ€¦
Want to know how to use Exchange Server Eseutil command? Go through this article as it gives you the know-how.
Monitoring a network: why having a policy is the best policy? Michael Kulchisky, MCSE, MCSA, MCP, VTSP, VSP, CCSP outlines the enormous benefits of having a policy-based approach when monitoring medium and large networks. Software utilized in this vâ€¦
Monitoring a network: why having a policy is the best policy? Michael Kulchisky, MCSE, MCSA, MCP, VTSP, VSP, CCSP outlines the enormous benefits of having a policy-based approach when monitoring medium and large networks. Software utilized in this vâ€¦
###### Suggested Courses
Course of the Month8 days, 21 hours left to enroll