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I need a simple Perl script to replace strings in an XML file

Posted on 2006-10-25
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
I need a simple Perl script to replace strings in an XML file.  Machine: Windows Server 2003 with ActivePerl 5.8.6

We need to manipulate an XML file for IIS config offline and the VB code needed to search and replace one string in the file is hideous and buggy.  Is there a simple Perl script to read in a file, search for "My Text-2", replace that with "My Text" and write the file back to either the original or a separate file?

Perl has to be the easiest language for this...prove me right!

Simplest, fastest one wins...
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Question by:itcs-css
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9 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:rivusglobal
Comment Utility
Hi itcs-css,

Try this:

$filename = "filename";
$search = "My Text-2";
$replace = "My Text";

die unless open( FH, "<$filename" );
die unless open( OUT, ">$filename.tmp" );
while $line ( <FH> ) {
    $line =~ /$search/$replace/;
    print OUT $line;
}
close( FH );
close( OUT );
unlink( $filename );
rename "$filename.tmp", $filename;
   
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Expert Comment

by:ozo
Comment Utility
{local @ARGV=("filename"); local $^I="";
  while( <> ){
    s/My Text-2/My Text/g;
    print;
  }
}
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Author Comment

by:itcs-css
Comment Utility
Thanks for the quick response...

Unfortunately the code is giving syntax errors for lines 7 near "while $line", and 10 near "}", and complains that a scalar is found where operator expected on line 8.

Any chance someone could fix this?
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Author Comment

by:itcs-css
Comment Utility
Hi ozo,

Thanks for the quick response...

Unfortunately for yours I get...

Can't do inplace edit without backup at "blah blah.pl" line 2

Any ideas?
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LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:rivusglobal
Comment Utility
whoops sorry about that, try this:

$filename = "filename";
$search = "My Text-2";
$replace = "My Text";

die unless open( FH, "<$filename" );
die unless open( OUT, ">$filename.tmp" );
while( <FH> ) {
    $line = $_;
    $line =~ /$search/$replace/;
    print OUT $line;
}
close( FH );
close( OUT );
unlink( $filename );
rename "$filename.tmp", $filename;
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LVL 84

Accepted Solution

by:
ozo earned 250 total points
Comment Utility
local $^I=".bak";
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Expert Comment

by:manav_mathur
Comment Utility
Im not sure if im missing something, but cannot this go straight on the command line...

perl -i.bak -pe "s/My Text-2/My Text/g" yourfilename
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Expert Comment

by:ozo
Comment Utility
it can
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Author Comment

by:itcs-css
Comment Utility
Thanks for the help guys.

I will give out the points here in a minute...

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